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Date:   Thu,  7 Jan 2021 23:23:48 -0800
From:   Dexuan Cui <decui@...rosoft.com>
To:     rafael@...nel.org, linux-acpi@...r.kernel.org, rjw@...ysocki.net,
        len.brown@...el.com, mikelley@...rosoft.com
Cc:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, wei.liu@...nel.org,
        sthemmin@...rosoft.com, haiyangz@...rosoft.com, kys@...rosoft.com,
        dwaipayanray1@...il.com, Dexuan Cui <decui@...rosoft.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2] ACPI: scan: Fix a Hyper-V Linux VM panic caused by buffer overflow

Linux VM on Hyper-V crashes with the latest mainline:

[    4.069624] detected buffer overflow in strcpy
[    4.077733] kernel BUG at lib/string.c:1149!
..
[    4.085819] RIP: 0010:fortify_panic+0xf/0x11
...
[    4.085819] Call Trace:
[    4.085819]  acpi_device_add.cold.15+0xf2/0xfb
[    4.085819]  acpi_add_single_object+0x2a6/0x690
[    4.085819]  acpi_bus_check_add+0xc6/0x280
[    4.085819]  acpi_ns_walk_namespace+0xda/0x1aa
[    4.085819]  acpi_walk_namespace+0x9a/0xc2
[    4.085819]  acpi_bus_scan+0x78/0x90
[    4.085819]  acpi_scan_init+0xfa/0x248
[    4.085819]  acpi_init+0x2c1/0x321
[    4.085819]  do_one_initcall+0x44/0x1d0
[    4.085819]  kernel_init_freeable+0x1ab/0x1f4

This is because of the recent buffer overflow detection in the
commit 6a39e62abbaf ("lib: string.h: detect intra-object overflow in fortified string functions")

Here acpi_device_bus_id->bus_id can only hold 14 characters, while the
the acpi_device_hid(device) returns a 22-char string
"HYPER_V_GEN_COUNTER_V1".

Per ACPI Spec v6.2, Section 6.1.5 _HID (Hardware ID), if the ID is a
string, it must be of the form AAA#### or NNNN####, i.e. 7 chars or 8
chars.

The field bus_id in struct acpi_device_bus_id was originally defined as
char bus_id[9], and later was enlarged to char bus_id[15] in 2007 in the
commit bb0958544f3c ("ACPI: use more understandable bus_id for ACPI devices")

Fix the issue by changing the field bus_id to const char *, and use
kstrdup_const() to initialize it.

Signed-off-by: Dexuan Cui <decui@...rosoft.com>
---

Changes in v2:
    strlcpy -> kstrdup_const. Thanks Rafael J. Wysocki!
    Change commit log accordingly.

 drivers/acpi/internal.h |  2 +-
 drivers/acpi/scan.c     | 14 +++++++++++++-
 2 files changed, 14 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/acpi/internal.h b/drivers/acpi/internal.h
index cb229e24c563..e6a5d997241c 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/internal.h
+++ b/drivers/acpi/internal.h
@@ -97,7 +97,7 @@ void acpi_scan_table_handler(u32 event, void *table, void *context);
 extern struct list_head acpi_bus_id_list;
 
 struct acpi_device_bus_id {
-	char bus_id[15];
+	const char *bus_id;
 	unsigned int instance_no;
 	struct list_head node;
 };
diff --git a/drivers/acpi/scan.c b/drivers/acpi/scan.c
index a1b226eb2ce2..8d49d192d1c1 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/scan.c
+++ b/drivers/acpi/scan.c
@@ -486,6 +486,7 @@ static void acpi_device_del(struct acpi_device *device)
 				acpi_device_bus_id->instance_no--;
 			else {
 				list_del(&acpi_device_bus_id->node);
+				kfree_const(acpi_device_bus_id->bus_id);
 				kfree(acpi_device_bus_id);
 			}
 			break;
@@ -674,7 +675,14 @@ int acpi_device_add(struct acpi_device *device,
 	}
 	if (!found) {
 		acpi_device_bus_id = new_bus_id;
-		strcpy(acpi_device_bus_id->bus_id, acpi_device_hid(device));
+		acpi_device_bus_id->bus_id =
+			kstrdup_const(acpi_device_hid(device), GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!acpi_device_bus_id->bus_id) {
+			pr_err(PREFIX "Memory allocation error for bus id\n");
+			result = -ENOMEM;
+			goto err_free_new_bus_id;
+		}
+
 		acpi_device_bus_id->instance_no = 0;
 		list_add_tail(&acpi_device_bus_id->node, &acpi_bus_id_list);
 	}
@@ -709,6 +717,10 @@ int acpi_device_add(struct acpi_device *device,
 	if (device->parent)
 		list_del(&device->node);
 	list_del(&device->wakeup_list);
+
+ err_free_new_bus_id:
+	if (!found)
+		kfree(new_bus_id);
 	mutex_unlock(&acpi_device_lock);
 
  err_detach:
-- 
2.19.1

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