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Date:   Thu,  7 Jan 2021 23:43:25 -0800 (PST)
From:   Metztli Information Technology <jose.r.r@...ztli.com>
To:     <edward.shishkin@...il.com>, <reiserfs-devel@...r.kernel.org>,
        <hch@....de>, <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [reiser4 SFRN 5.1.3] kernel [5.10.x] read not supported for file /test-exec \(pid: 10094 comm: debootstrap\)

On Fri, Dec 25, 2020 at 8:44 AM Metztli Information Technology <jose.r.r@...ztli.com> wrote:
>
> On Wed, Dec 23, 2020 at 3:40 PM Edward Shishkin <edward.shishkin@...il.com> wrote:
> >
> > On 12/23/2020 05:01 PM, Metztli Information Technology wrote:
> > > Niltze [Ð—Ð´Ñ€Ð°Ð²Ñ Ñ‚Ð²ÑƒÐ¹Ñ‚Ðµ : Hello], Ed-
> > >
> > > I built Linux kernel 5.10.1-1 within the 'Debian way' -- as usual -- to generate a kernel component for my Debian-Installer (d-i).
> > > The patch I applied is reiser4-for-5.10-rc3.patch.gz from v5-unstable.
> > >
> > > Once I built the proper reiser4progs-2.0.4.tar.gz and generated one set of components for d-i I built the d-i image.
> > >
> > > Fact is, the installer throws an error in *both* bare metal and VirtualBox 6.1.16:
> > > ...
> > > Dec 22 20:19:56 main-menu[330]: INFO: Menu item 'bootstrap-base' selected
> > > Dec 22 20:19:56 debootstrap: /usr/sbin/debootstrap --components=main --debian-installer --resolve-deps --keyring=/usr/share/keyrings/archive.gpg buster /target http://deb.debian.org/debian/
> > > Dec 22 20:19:56 debootstrap: /usr/sbin/debootstrap: line 1596: /target/test-exec: Invalid argument
> > > Dec 22 20:19:56 kernel: [ 1018.632648] kernel read not supported for file /test-exec (pid: 10077 comm: debootstrap)
> > > Dec 22 20:19:56 debootstrap: E: NOEXEC
> > > Dec 22 20:19:56 debootstrap: EF: Cannot install into target '/target' mounted with noexec or nodev
> > > Dec 22 20:20:12 base-installer: error: exiting on error base-installer/debootstrap-failed
> > > Dec 22 20:20:14 main-menu[330]: WARNING **: Configuring 'bootstrap-base' failed with error code 1
> > > Dec 22 20:20:14 main-menu[330]: WARNING **: Menu item 'bootstrap-base' failed.
> > > Dec 22 20:20:15 main-menu[330]: INFO: Falling back to the package description for brltty-udeb
> > >
> >
> > [...]
> >
> > >
> > > Apparently, d-i [Debian-installer] complains about being unable to set the test file executable and causes the error when 1 is returned.
> > > Notwithstanding, I manually verified that I am able to touch a file and set it +x executable.
> > >
> > > Furthermore, tricking the function return value to 0 I am able to make d-i continue with the latest SFRN5 installation (see [*trick*] below); yet, subsequently halts again with
> > > an apparently related error --can not proceed any further.
> > >
> > > Digging deeper with dmesg, we can see that apparently it is the kernel which cannot 'read' properly. Please find a partial dmesg log with relevant output
> > > from an attempt on my physical development machine.
> > > ...
> > > [  508.614488] Loading Reiser4 (Software Framework Release: 5.1.3). See reiser4.wiki.kernel.org for a description of Reiser4.
> > > [  508.661951] SGI XFS with ACLs, security attributes, realtime, quota, no debug enabled
> > > [  509.326270] device-mapper: uevent: version 1.0.3
> > > [  509.326505] device-mapper: ioctl: 4.43.0-ioctl (2020-10-01) initialised: dm-devel@...hat.com
> > > [  509.902828]  sda: sda1 sda2 sda3 sda4 sda5 sda6
> > > [  509.915300]  sdb: sdb1 sdb2 sdb3
> > > [  511.973360]  sdb: sdb1 sdb2 sdb3
> > > [  627.525371] Adding 9765884k swap on /dev/sda3.  Priority:-2 extents:1 across:9765884k FS
> > > [  636.240812] reiser4[mount(9430)]: reiser4_register_subvol (fs/reiser4/init_volume.c:222)[edward-1932]:
> > > [  636.240812] NOTICE: brick /dev/sda6 has been registered
> > > [  636.243003] reiser4 (sda6): found disk format 5.1.3.
> > > [  643.759971] reiser4 (/dev/sda6): using Hybrid Transaction Model.
> > > [  643.759980] reiser4: brick /dev/sda6 activated
> > > [  643.788537] EXT4-fs (sda1): mounting ext2 file system using the ext4 subsystem
> > > [  643.813474] EXT4-fs (sda1): mounted filesystem without journal. Opts: (null)
> > > [  643.813488] ext2 filesystem being mounted at /target/boot supports timestamps until 2038 (0x7fffffff)
> > > [  648.168730] kernel read not supported for file /test-exec (pid: 9876 comm: debootstrap) [*trick*]
> > > [  898.761385] reiser4: brick /dev/sda6 deactivated
> > > [  991.001332] reiser4 (sda6): found disk format 5.1.3.
> > > [  999.093471] reiser4 (/dev/sda6): using Hybrid Transaction Model.
> > > [  999.093480] reiser4: brick /dev/sda6 activated
> > > [ 1009.340117] EXT4-fs (sda1): mounting ext2 file system using the ext4 subsystem
> > > [ 1009.362722] EXT4-fs (sda1): mounted filesystem without journal. Opts: (null)
> > > [ 1009.362737] ext2 filesystem being mounted at /target/boot supports timestamps until 2038 (0x7fffffff)
> > > [ 6373.748413] kernel read not supported for file /test-exec (pid: 10094 comm: debootstrap)
> > > [ 6413.169920] kernel read not supported for file /usr/bin/true (pid: 15960 comm: chroot)
> >
> >
> > Hello.
> >
> > This is because of VFS changes in Linux-5.10.X.
> > Specifically, because of the following patch:
> > https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/8/17/174
> > In the upstream git repository it is commit 4d03e3cc59828c82ee89ea6e2
>
> Earlier I spun up a Google Compute Engine (GCE) AMD Epyc instance from a snapshot with kernel 5.9.15-1
> < https://metztli.it/buster/gce-amd-epyc-5.9.15-1.png >
>
> and built an stable reiser4 SFRN 4.0.2 kernel within the Debian packaging for 5.10.2-1 framework.
> Subsequently, I built my custom Debian-Installer (d-i) and gave it another try. Same kernel fail:
> ... tail -n 30 /var/log/syslog
> Dec 25 10:23:06 kernel: [  164.409309] reiser4: sda7: found disk format 4.0.2.
> Dec 25 10:23:06 kernel: [  164.459638] reiser4: sda7: using Hybrid Transaction Model.
> Dec 25 10:23:07 apt-install: Queueing package jfsutils for later installation
> Dec 25 10:23:07 apt-install: Queueing package reiser4progs for later installation
> Dec 25 10:23:07 apt-install: Queueing package initramfs-tools for later installation
> Dec 25 10:23:07 apt-install: Queueing package linux-base for later installation
> Dec 25 10:23:07 main-menu[240]: (process:3056): File descriptor 3 (pipe:[8689]) leaked on pvs invocation.
> Dec 25 10:23:07 main-menu[240]: (process:3056):  Parent PID 5687: /bin/sh
> Dec 25 10:23:07 main-menu[240]: (process:3056): File descriptor 4 (/dev/pts/0) leaked on pvs invocation.
> Dec 25 10:23:07 main-menu[240]: (process:3056):  Parent PID 5687: /bin/sh
> Dec 25 10:23:07 main-menu[240]: (process:3056): File descriptor 5 (/dev/pts/0) leaked on pvs invocation.
> Dec 25 10:23:07 main-menu[240]: (process:3056):  Parent PID 5687: /bin/sh
> Dec 25 10:23:07 main-menu[240]: (process:3056): File descriptor 3 (pipe:[8689]) leaked on pvs invocation.
> Dec 25 10:23:07 main-menu[240]: (process:3056):  Parent PID 5726: /bin/sh
> Dec 25 10:23:07 main-menu[240]: (process:3056): File descriptor 4 (/dev/pts/0) leaked on pvs invocation.
> Dec 25 10:23:07 main-menu[240]: (process:3056):  Parent PID 5726: /bin/sh
> Dec 25 10:23:07 main-menu[240]: (process:3056): File descriptor 5 (/dev/pts/0) leaked on pvs invocation.
> Dec 25 10:23:07 main-menu[240]: (process:3056):  Parent PID 5726: /bin/sh
> Dec 25 10:23:07 main-menu[240]: INFO: Falling back to the package description for brltty-udeb
> Dec 25 10:23:07 main-menu[240]: INFO: Falling back to the package description for brltty-udeb
> Dec 25 10:23:07 main-menu[240]: INFO: Menu item 'bootstrap-base' selected
> Dec 25 10:23:07 debootstrap: /usr/sbin/debootstrap --components=main --debian-installer --resolve-deps --keyring=/usr/share/keyrings/archive.gpg buster /target http://mirrors.namecheap.com/debian/
> Dec 25 10:23:07 debootstrap: /usr/sbin/debootstrap:
> Dec 25 10:23:07 debootstrap: line 1596:
> Dec 25 10:23:07 debootstrap: /target/test-exec: Invalid argument
> Dec 25 10:23:07 debootstrap:
> Dec 25 10:23:07 debootstrap: E: NOEXEC
> Dec 25 10:23:07 debootstrap: EF: Cannot install into target '/target' mounted with noexec or nodev
> Dec 25 10:23:07 kernel: [  165.368737] kernel read not supported for file /test-exec (pid: 5940 comm: debootstrap)
> Dec 25 10:24:57 init: starting pid 222, tty '/dev/tty3': '-/bin/sh'
> ...
>
> and dmesg from within the installer environment:
>
> ...tail -n 20 /var/log/debian-5.10.2.1.dmesg
> [  133.743458] raid6: sse2x2   xor()  7821 MB/s
> [  133.825936] raid6: sse2x1   gen() 11332 MB/s
> [  133.914288] raid6: sse2x1   xor()  7571 MB/s
> [  133.914290] raid6: using algorithm sse2x2 gen() 15942 MB/s
> [  133.914291] raid6: .... xor() 7821 MB/s, rmw enabled
> [  133.914293] raid6: using ssse3x2 recovery algorithm
> [  133.915254] xor: automatically using best checksumming function   avx
> [  133.942598] Btrfs loaded, crc32c=crc32c-generic
> [  133.970966] JFS: nTxBlock = 8192, nTxLock = 65536
> [  133.994981] Loading Reiser4 (format release: 4.0.2) See www.namesys.com for a description of Reiser4.
> [  134.047520] SGI XFS with ACLs, security attributes, realtime, quota, no debug enabled
> [  134.529127] device-mapper: uevent: version 1.0.3
> [  134.529484] device-mapper: ioctl: 4.43.0-ioctl (2020-10-01) initialised: dm-devel@...hat.com
> [  163.693555]  sda: sda1 sda2 < sda5 sda6 sda7 >
> [  164.012669] Adding 999420k swap on /dev/sda6.  Priority:-2 extents:1 across:999420k FS
> [  164.375818] reiser4: sda5: found disk format 4.0.2.
> [  164.393521] reiser4: sda5: using Hybrid Transaction Model.
> [  164.409309] reiser4: sda7: found disk format 4.0.2.
> [  164.459638] reiser4: sda7: using Hybrid Transaction Model.
> [  165.368737] kernel read not supported for file /test-exec (pid: 5940 comm: debootstrap)
> ...
>
> Please, note that I even replaced debootstrap UDEB with a newer source release to no avail.
>
> >
> > So, Christoph, what to do now for file systems which implement
> > ->read() method of file operations? It seems that chroot doesn't work
> > for them. And people are not able to release distros with upgraded
> > kernels..
> >
> > Thanks,
> > Edward.
>
[]
I came across 'bug #554444 unable to install a Bullseye system' and Bug#971946: libdebian-installer: READSIZE size insufficient for cdebootstrap to build sid/unstable from buster/stable environment
< https://bugs.debian.org/971946 >

As I exhaust all possibilities, I downloaded Debian Buster package source:
< https://packages.debian.org/source/buster/libdebian-installer >

applied the patch

diff --git a/src/parser_rfc822.c b/src/parser_rfc822.c
index afd336a..b14859e 100644
--- a/src/parser_rfc822.c
+++ b/src/parser_rfc822.c
@@ -35,7 +35,7 @@
 #include <sys/types.h>
 #include <unistd.h>

-#define READSIZE 65536
+#define READSIZE 262144

 int di_parser_rfc822_read (char *begin, size_t size, di_parser_info *info, di_parser_read_entry_new entry_new, di_parser_read_entry_finish entry_finish, void *user_data)
 {
 
and rebuilt the package:
libdebian-installer4_0.119+nmu1_amd64.deb         
libdebian-installer4-dbgsym_0.119+nmu1_amd64.deb  
libdebian-installer4-dev_0.119+nmu1_amd64.deb     
libdebian-installer4-udeb_0.119+nmu1_amd64.udeb *
libdebian-installer-extra4_0.119+nmu1_amd64.deb
libdebian-installer-extra4-dbgsym_0.119+nmu1_amd64.deb
libdebian-installer-extra4-udeb_0.119+nmu1_amd64.udeb *

hoping to get some different feedback by including the resulting UDEBs(*) into my custom Debian-Installer (d-i) --as well as referencing those appropriately in the relevant configuration file for a minimal netboot image.

The result did not vary from prior occassions (this installation attempt is a merely root fs formatted in Reiser4 SFRN 5.1.3, and 500Mb JFS /boot partition):

------------[snip]-------------------------
Jan  8 05:00:59 kernel: [  133.368304] Adding 998396k swap on /dev/sda6.  Priority:-2 extents:1 across:998396k FS
Jan  8 05:00:59 kernel: [  133.685578] reiser4[mount(5208)]: reiser4_register_subvol (fs/reiser4/init_volume.c:222)[edward-1932]:
Jan  8 05:00:59 kernel: [  133.685578] NOTICE: brick /dev/sda5 has been registered
Jan  8 05:00:59 kernel: [  133.686528] reiser4 (sda5): found disk format 5.1.3.
Jan  8 05:00:59 kernel: [  133.746172] reiser4 (/dev/sda5): using Hybrid Transaction Model.
Jan  8 05:00:59 kernel: [  133.746176] reiser4: brick /dev/sda5 activated
Jan  8 05:00:59 apt-install: Queueing package jfsutils for later installation
Jan  8 05:00:59 apt-install: Queueing package reiser4progs for later installation
Jan  8 05:00:59 apt-install: Queueing package initramfs-tools for later installation
Jan  8 05:00:59 apt-install: Queueing package linux-base for later installation
Jan  8 05:00:59 main-menu[239]: (process:3051): File descriptor 3 (pipe:[8687]) leaked on pvs invocation.
Jan  8 05:00:59 main-menu[239]: (process:3051):  Parent PID 5363: /bin/sh
Jan  8 05:00:59 main-menu[239]: (process:3051): File descriptor 4 (/dev/pts/0) leaked on pvs invocation.
Jan  8 05:00:59 main-menu[239]: (process:3051):  Parent PID 5363: /bin/sh
Jan  8 05:00:59 main-menu[239]: (process:3051): File descriptor 5 (/dev/pts/0) leaked on pvs invocation.
Jan  8 05:00:59 main-menu[239]: (process:3051):  Parent PID 5363: /bin/sh
Jan  8 05:00:59 main-menu[239]: (process:3051): File descriptor 3 (pipe:[8687]) leaked on pvs invocation.
Jan  8 05:00:59 main-menu[239]: (process:3051):  Parent PID 5402: /bin/sh
Jan  8 05:00:59 main-menu[239]: (process:3051): File descriptor 4 (/dev/pts/0) leaked on pvs invocation.
Jan  8 05:00:59 main-menu[239]: (process:3051):  Parent PID 5402: /bin/sh
Jan  8 05:00:59 main-menu[239]: (process:3051): File descriptor 5 (/dev/pts/0) leaked on pvs invocation.
Jan  8 05:00:59 main-menu[239]: (process:3051):  Parent PID 5402: /bin/sh
Jan  8 05:01:00 main-menu[239]: INFO: Falling back to the package description for brltty-udeb
Jan  8 05:01:00 main-menu[239]: INFO: Falling back to the package description for brltty-udeb
Jan  8 05:01:00 main-menu[239]: INFO: Menu item 'bootstrap-base' selected
Jan  8 05:01:00 debootstrap: /usr/sbin/debootstrap --components=main --debian-installer --resolve-deps --keyring=/usr/share/keyrings/archive.gpg buster /target http://deb.debian.org/debian/
Jan  8 05:01:00 debootstrap: /usr/sbin/debootstrap:
Jan  8 05:01:00 debootstrap: line 1622:
Jan  8 05:01:00 debootstrap: /target/test-exec: Invalid argument
Jan  8 05:01:00 debootstrap:
Jan  8 05:01:00 debootstrap: E: NOEXEC
Jan  8 05:01:00 debootstrap: EF: Cannot install into target '/target' mounted with noexec or nodev
Jan  8 05:01:00 kernel: [  134.634946] kernel read not supported for file /test-exec (pid: 5609 comm: debootstrap)
--------------------------------------------------------------------

If nothing is modified in 5.10.x kernel upstream, Linux 5.9.15/16EOL may be the last kernel version to benefit from a Reiser5 -enabled custom Debian-Installer (d-i), LXQT snapshot for posterity ;-)
< https://metztli.it/buster/reiser4-sfrn-5.1.3-LXQT-Debian.png >


Best Professional Regards.

-- 
Jose R R
http://metztli.it
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Download Metztli Reiser4: Debian Buster w/ Linux 5.9.15 AMD64
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
feats ZSTD compression https://sf.net/projects/metztli-reiser4/
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
or SFRN 5.1.3, Metztli Reiser5 https://sf.net/projects/debian-reiser4/
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Official current Reiser4 resources: https://reiser4.wiki.kernel.org/

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