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Date:   Tue, 12 Jan 2021 11:23:03 +0000
From:   Mike Leach <mike.leach@...aro.org>
To:     Leo Yan <leo.yan@...aro.org>
Cc:     Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@...nel.org>,
        Mathieu Poirier <mathieu.poirier@...aro.org>,
        Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@....com>,
        Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@...ux.intel.com>,
        John Garry <john.garry@...wei.com>,
        Will Deacon <will@...nel.org>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
        Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>,
        Jiri Olsa <jolsa@...hat.com>,
        Namhyung Kim <namhyung@...nel.org>,
        Daniel Kiss <Daniel.Kiss@....com>,
        Denis Nikitin <denik@...omium.org>,
        Coresight ML <coresight@...ts.linaro.org>,
        linux-arm-kernel <linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Al Grant <al.grant@....com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v1 1/7] coresight: etm-perf: Add support for PID tracing
 for kernel at EL2

Hi Leo,

On Tue, 12 Jan 2021 at 08:58, Leo Yan <leo.yan@...aro.org> wrote:
>
> Hi Mike,
>
> On Mon, Jan 11, 2021 at 04:22:39PM +0000, Mike Leach wrote:
>
> [...]
>
> > > diff --git a/include/linux/coresight-pmu.h b/include/linux/coresight-pmu.h
> > > index b0e35eec6499..927c6285ce5d 100644
> > > --- a/include/linux/coresight-pmu.h
> > > +++ b/include/linux/coresight-pmu.h
> > > @@ -11,16 +11,19 @@
> > >  #define CORESIGHT_ETM_PMU_SEED  0x10
> > >
> > >  /* ETMv3.5/PTM's ETMCR config bit */
> > > -#define ETM_OPT_CYCACC  12
> > > -#define ETM_OPT_CTXTID 14
> > > -#define ETM_OPT_TS      28
> > > -#define ETM_OPT_RETSTK 29
> > > +#define ETM_OPT_CYCACC         12
> > > +#define ETM_OPT_CTXTID         14
> > > +#define ETM_OPT_CTXTID_IN_VMID 15
> >
> > Minor issue here - ETMv3.x / PTM cannot trace CXTID in VMID so this
> > may better be named ETM4_OPT_CTXTID_IN_VMID, rather than be grouped
> > with the ETM3.5 options?
>
> I looked into this suggestion but found it's complex than I assumed.
> This config bits are not only used for ETMv3.x / PTM, it's also used
> as an configuration interface between user space in Perf and kernel
> drivers.
>
> For example, in the userspace, perf tool sets bit ETM_OPT_TS to enable
> timestamp [1], this is same for ETMv3 and ETMv4.  In the kernel side,
> the configuration is directly used ETMv3 (in coresight-etm3x-core.c),
> but the configuration bits are converted for ETMv4 in the function
> etm4_parse_event_config() [2].
>
> So this is a historical issue, at the early period ETMv3 and ETMv4 can
> be compatible with each other for configurations, but after evoluation,
> some configs only belong to ETMv4 and cannot be applied on ETMv3
> anymore, but we still use ETMv3.5 config bits as the interface between
> kernel and userspace.
>

I was aware that etm3/ptm used these bits as both the options and the
bit values for direct writing to the ETMCR register for ETMv3, and
re-mapped to appropriate register values in ETMv4.
In the past we have re-used etmv3.5 bit definitions ETM_xxx  when
appropriate, but where unique to ETM4 we  have used a ETM4_xxx naming
convention.

I am not suggesting re-factoring the options completely, just
re-naming this single option to make it clear it is unique to ETM4+.

Looking at the etmv3 driver, at present it does not actually appear to
support contextid tracing - and when it does, both bits 14 and 15 will
be required to be used - as ETMCR defines these bits as ContextID
size.
Should this ever get fixed. then having an overlapping option bit -
that appears to be valid for ETMv3 will be confusing.

Regards

Mike

> I'd like suggest we use a saperate patch set to refactor the
> configuration bits, e.g. define the arbitrary configuration bits as
> interface between user space and kernel, these bits are neutral for any
> ETM version, in the kernel ETM drivers need to convert to its own
> configuration formats.  For this patch, I want to keep current
> change as it is, is this okay for you?
>
> Thanks,
> Leo
>
> [1] https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/tools/perf/arch/arm/util/cs-etm.c?h=v5.11-rc3#n152
> [2] https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-etm4x-core.c?h=v5.11-rc3#n422


--
Mike Leach
Principal Engineer, ARM Ltd.
Manchester Design Centre. UK

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