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Date:   Tue, 12 Jan 2021 19:33:33 +0800
From:   Muchun Song <songmuchun@...edance.com>
To:     Oscar Salvador <osalvador@...e.de>
Cc:     Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>,
        Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@...cle.com>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>, mingo@...hat.com,
        bp@...en8.de, x86@...nel.org, hpa@...or.com,
        dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com, luto@...nel.org,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>, viro@...iv.linux.org.uk,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>, paulmck@...nel.org,
        mchehab+huawei@...nel.org, pawan.kumar.gupta@...ux.intel.com,
        Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@...radead.org>, oneukum@...e.com,
        anshuman.khandual@....com, jroedel@...e.de,
        Mina Almasry <almasrymina@...gle.com>,
        David Rientjes <rientjes@...gle.com>,
        Matthew Wilcox <willy@...radead.org>,
        Michal Hocko <mhocko@...e.com>,
        "Song Bao Hua (Barry Song)" <song.bao.hua@...ilicon.com>,
        David Hildenbrand <david@...hat.com>,
        HORIGUCHI NAOYA(堀口 直也) 
        <naoya.horiguchi@....com>,
        Xiongchun duan <duanxiongchun@...edance.com>,
        linux-doc@...r.kernel.org, LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Linux Memory Management List <linux-mm@...ck.org>,
        linux-fsdevel <linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [External] Re: [PATCH v12 04/13] mm/hugetlb: Free the vmemmap
 pages associated with each HugeTLB page

On Tue, Jan 12, 2021 at 4:05 PM Oscar Salvador <osalvador@...e.de> wrote:
>
> On Wed, Jan 06, 2021 at 10:19:22PM +0800, Muchun Song wrote:
> > Every HugeTLB has more than one struct page structure. We __know__ that
> > we only use the first 4(HUGETLB_CGROUP_MIN_ORDER) struct page structures
> > to store metadata associated with each HugeTLB.
> >
> > There are a lot of struct page structures associated with each HugeTLB
> > page. For tail pages, the value of compound_head is the same. So we can
> > reuse first page of tail page structures. We map the virtual addresses
> > of the remaining pages of tail page structures to the first tail page
> > struct, and then free these page frames. Therefore, we need to reserve
> > two pages as vmemmap areas.
> >
> > When we allocate a HugeTLB page from the buddy, we can free some vmemmap
> > pages associated with each HugeTLB page. It is more appropriate to do it
> > in the prep_new_huge_page().
> >
> > The free_vmemmap_pages_per_hpage(), which indicates how many vmemmap
> > pages associated with a HugeTLB page can be freed, returns zero for
> > now, which means the feature is disabled. We will enable it once all
> > the infrastructure is there.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@...edance.com>
>
> My memory may betray me after vacation, so bear with me.

Welcome back. :)

>
> > +/*
> > + * Any memory allocated via the memblock allocator and not via the
> > + * buddy will be marked reserved already in the memmap. For those
> > + * pages, we can call this function to free it to buddy allocator.
> > + */
> > +static inline void free_bootmem_page(struct page *page)
> > +{
> > +     unsigned long magic = (unsigned long)page->freelist;
> > +
> > +     /*
> > +      * The reserve_bootmem_region sets the reserved flag on bootmem
> > +      * pages.
> > +      */
> > +     VM_WARN_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page) != 2, page);
>
> I have been thinking about this some more.
> And while I think that this macro might have its room somewhere, I do not
> think this is the case.
>
> Here, if we see that page's refcount differs from 2 it means that we had an
> earlier corruption.
> Now, as a person that has dealt with debugging memory corruptions, I think it
> is of no use to proceed further if such corruption happened, as this can lead
> to problems somewhere else that can manifest in funny ways, and you will find
> yourself scratching your head and trying to work out what happened.
>
> I am aware that this is not the root of the problem here, as someone might have
> had to decrease the refcount, but I would definitely change this to its
> VM_BUG_ON_* variant.

OK. I will change this to VM_BUG_ON_PAGE.

>
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c
>
> [...]
>
> > diff --git a/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.h b/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.h
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..6923f03534d5
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.h
>
> [...]
>
> > +/**
> > + * vmemmap_remap_free - remap the vmemmap virtual address range [@start, @end)
> > + *                   to the page which @reuse is mapped, then free vmemmap
> > + *                   pages.
> > + * @start:   start address of the vmemmap virtual address range.
> > + * @end:     end address of the vmemmap virtual address range.
> > + * @reuse:   reuse address.
> > + */
> > +void vmemmap_remap_free(unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
> > +                     unsigned long reuse)
> > +{
> > +     LIST_HEAD(vmemmap_pages);
> > +     struct vmemmap_remap_walk walk = {
> > +             .remap_pte      = vmemmap_remap_pte,
> > +             .reuse_addr     = reuse,
> > +             .vmemmap_pages  = &vmemmap_pages,
> > +     };
> > +
> > +     BUG_ON(start != reuse + PAGE_SIZE);
>
> It seems a bit odd to only pass "start" for the BUG_ON.
> Also, I kind of dislike the "addr += PAGE_SIZE" in vmemmap_pte_range.
>
> I wonder if adding a ".remap_start_addr" would make more sense.
> And adding it here with the vmemmap_remap_walk init.

How about introducing a new function which aims to get the reuse
page? In this case, we can drop the BUG_ON() and "addr += PAGE_SIZE"
which is in vmemmap_pte_range. The vmemmap_remap_range only
does the remapping.

>
>
> --
> Oscar Salvador
> SUSE L3

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