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Date:   Tue, 12 Jan 2021 07:54:46 -0500
From:   Sasha Levin <>
Cc:     Masahiro Yamada <>,
        Vineet Gupta <>,
        Sasha Levin <>,
Subject: [PATCH AUTOSEL 5.10 04/51] ARC: build: move symlink creation to arch/arc/Makefile to avoid race

From: Masahiro Yamada <>

[ Upstream commit c5e6ae563c802c4d828d42e134af64004db2e58c ]

If you run 'make uImage uImage.gz' with the parallel option, uImage.gz
will be created by two threads simultaneously.

This is because arch/arc/Makefile does not specify the dependency
between uImage and uImage.gz. Hence, GNU Make assumes they can be
built in parallel. One thread descends into arch/arc/boot/ to create
uImage, and another to create uImage.gz.

Please notice the same log is displayed twice in the following steps:

  $ export CROSS_COMPILE=<your-arc-compiler-prefix>
  $ make -s ARCH=arc defconfig
  $ make -j$(nproc) ARCH=arc uImage uImage.gz
  [ snip ]
    LD      vmlinux
    SORTTAB vmlinux
    OBJCOPY arch/arc/boot/vmlinux.bin
    OBJCOPY arch/arc/boot/vmlinux.bin
    GZIP    arch/arc/boot/vmlinux.bin.gz
    GZIP    arch/arc/boot/vmlinux.bin.gz
    UIMAGE  arch/arc/boot/uImage.gz
    UIMAGE  arch/arc/boot/uImage.gz
  Image Name:   Linux-5.10.0-rc4-00003-g62f23044
  Created:      Sun Nov 22 02:52:26 2020
  Image Type:   ARC Linux Kernel Image (gzip compressed)
  Data Size:    2109376 Bytes = 2059.94 KiB = 2.01 MiB
  Load Address: 80000000
  Entry Point:  80004000
    Image arch/arc/boot/uImage is ready
  Image Name:   Linux-5.10.0-rc4-00003-g62f23044
  Created:      Sun Nov 22 02:52:26 2020
  Image Type:   ARC Linux Kernel Image (gzip compressed)
  Data Size:    2815455 Bytes = 2749.47 KiB = 2.69 MiB
  Load Address: 80000000
  Entry Point:  80004000

This is a race between the two threads trying to write to the same file
arch/arc/boot/uImage.gz. This is a potential problem that can generate
a broken file.

I fixed a similar problem for ARM by commit 3939f3345050 ("ARM: 8418/1:
add boot image dependencies to not generate invalid images").

I highly recommend to avoid such build rules that cause a race condition.

Move the uImage rule to arch/arc/Makefile.

Another strangeness is that arch/arc/boot/Makefile compares the
timestamps between $(obj)/uImage and $(obj)/uImage.*:

  $(obj)/uImage: $(obj)/uImage.$(suffix-y)
          @ln -sf $(notdir $<) $@
          @echo '  Image $@ is ready'

This does not work as expected since $(obj)/uImage is a symlink.
The symlink should be created in a phony target rule.

I used $(kecho) instead of echo to suppress the message
'Image arch/arc/boot/uImage is ready' when the -s option is given.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <>
Signed-off-by: Vineet Gupta <>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <>
 arch/arc/Makefile      | 13 ++++++++++++-
 arch/arc/boot/Makefile | 11 +----------
 2 files changed, 13 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arc/Makefile b/arch/arc/Makefile
index cf9da9aea12ac..578bdbbb0fa7f 100644
--- a/arch/arc/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arc/Makefile
@@ -102,11 +102,22 @@ libs-y		+= arch/arc/lib/ $(LIBGCC)
 boot		:= arch/arc/boot
-boot_targets := uImage uImage.bin uImage.gz uImage.lzma
+boot_targets := uImage.bin uImage.gz uImage.lzma
 PHONY += $(boot_targets)
 $(boot_targets): vmlinux
 	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(boot) $(boot)/$@
+uimage-default-y			:= uImage.bin
+uimage-default-$(CONFIG_KERNEL_GZIP)	:= uImage.gz
+uimage-default-$(CONFIG_KERNEL_LZMA)	:= uImage.lzma
+PHONY += uImage
+uImage: $(uimage-default-y)
+	@ln -sf $< $(boot)/uImage
+	@$(kecho) '  Image $(boot)/uImage is ready'
+CLEAN_FILES += $(boot)/uImage
 	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(clean)=$(boot)
diff --git a/arch/arc/boot/Makefile b/arch/arc/boot/Makefile
index 538b92f4dd253..3b1f8a69a89ef 100644
--- a/arch/arc/boot/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arc/boot/Makefile
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 # SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
-targets := vmlinux.bin vmlinux.bin.gz uImage
+targets := vmlinux.bin vmlinux.bin.gz
 # uImage build relies on mkimage being availble on your host for ARC target
 # You will need to build u-boot for ARC, rename mkimage to arc-elf32-mkimage
@@ -13,11 +13,6 @@ LINUX_START_TEXT = $$(readelf -h vmlinux | \
-suffix-y := bin
-suffix-$(CONFIG_KERNEL_GZIP)	:= gz
-suffix-$(CONFIG_KERNEL_LZMA)	:= lzma
-targets += uImage
 targets += uImage.bin
 targets += uImage.gz
 targets += uImage.lzma
@@ -42,7 +37,3 @@ $(obj)/uImage.gz: $(obj)/vmlinux.bin.gz FORCE
 $(obj)/uImage.lzma: $(obj)/vmlinux.bin.lzma FORCE
 	$(call if_changed,uimage,lzma)
-$(obj)/uImage: $(obj)/uImage.$(suffix-y)
-	@ln -sf $(notdir $<) $@
-	@echo '  Image $@ is ready'

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