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Date:   Tue, 12 Jan 2021 22:53:06 +0900
From:   Takashi Sakamoto <o-takashi@...amocchi.jp>
To:     Geert Uytterhoeven <geert+renesas@...der.be>
Cc:     Clemens Ladisch <clemens@...isch.de>,
        Jaroslav Kysela <perex@...ex.cz>,
        Takashi Iwai <tiwai@...e.com>, alsa-devel@...a-project.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH/RFC 1/2] ALSA: fireface: Fix integer overflow in
 transmit_midi_msg()

Hi,

On Mon, Jan 11, 2021 at 02:02:50PM +0100, Geert Uytterhoeven wrote:
> As snd_ff.rx_bytes[] is unsigned int, and NSEC_PER_SEC is 1000000000L,
> the second multiplication in
> 
>     ff->rx_bytes[port] * 8 * NSEC_PER_SEC / 31250
> 
> always overflows on 32-bit platforms, truncating the result.  Fix this
> by precalculating "NSEC_PER_SEC / 31250", which is an integer constant.
> 
> Note that this assumes ff->rx_bytes[port] <= 16777.
> 
> Fixes: 19174295788de77d ("ALSA: fireface: add transaction support")
> Signed-off-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert+renesas@...der.be>
> ---
> Compile-tested only.
> 
> I don't know the maximum transfer length of MIDI, but given it's an old
> standard, I guess it's rather small.  If it is larger than 16777, the
> constant "8" should be replaced by "8ULL", to force 64-bit arithmetic.
> ---
>  sound/firewire/fireface/ff-transaction.c | 2 +-
>  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

The rx_bytes member has value for the length of byte messages to
process. The range of value differs depending on Fireface protocol
version. For former protocol, the value is equals to or less than
SND_FF_MAXIMIM_MIDI_QUADS (= 9). For latter protocol, the value is
equals to or less than 3. Anyway, the value should not be larger
than 16777 and the calculation can be done without ULL suffix.

Reviewd-by: Takashi Sakamoto <o-takashi@...amocchi.jp>

> diff --git a/sound/firewire/fireface/ff-transaction.c b/sound/firewire/fireface/ff-transaction.c
> index 7f82762ccc8c80ba..ee7122c461d46f44 100644
> --- a/sound/firewire/fireface/ff-transaction.c
> +++ b/sound/firewire/fireface/ff-transaction.c
> @@ -88,7 +88,7 @@ static void transmit_midi_msg(struct snd_ff *ff, unsigned int port)
>  
>  	/* Set interval to next transaction. */
>  	ff->next_ktime[port] = ktime_add_ns(ktime_get(),
> -				ff->rx_bytes[port] * 8 * NSEC_PER_SEC / 31250);
> +			ff->rx_bytes[port] * 8 * (NSEC_PER_SEC / 31250));
>  
>  	if (quad_count == 1)
>  		tcode = TCODE_WRITE_QUADLET_REQUEST;
> -- 
> 2.25.1


Thanks

Takashi Sakamoto

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