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Date:   Fri, 15 Jan 2021 11:58:32 +0200
From:   Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@...nel.org>
To:     Haitao Huang <haitao.huang@...ux.intel.com>
Cc:     Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>, x86@...nel.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-sgx@...r.kernel.org,
        Sean Christopherson <seanjc@...gle.com>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
        "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
        Jethro Beekman <jethro@...tanix.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3] x86/sgx: Synchronize encl->srcu in sgx_encl_release().

On Wed, Jan 13, 2021 at 10:42:12PM -0600, Haitao Huang wrote:
> On Mon, 11 Jan 2021 18:08:10 -0600, Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@...nel.org>
> wrote:
> 
> > On Tue, Jan 05, 2021 at 03:57:49PM +0100, Borislav Petkov wrote:
> > > On Wed, Dec 16, 2020 at 03:49:20PM +0200, Jarkko Sakkinen wrote:
> > > > Add synchronize_srcu_expedited() to sgx_encl_release() to catch a
> > > grace
> > > > period initiated by sgx_mmu_notifier_release().
> > > >
> > > > A trivial example of a failing sequence with tasks A and B:
> > > >
> > > > 1. A: -> sgx_release()
> > > > 2. B: -> sgx_mmu_notifier_release()
> > > > 3. B: -> list_del_rcu()
> > > > 3. A: -> sgx_encl_release()
> > > > 4. A: -> cleanup_srcu_struct()
> > > >
> > > > The loop in sgx_release() observes an empty list because B has
> > > removed its
> > > > entry in the middle, and calls cleanup_srcu_struct() before B has
> > > a chance
> > > > to calls synchronize_srcu().
> > > 
> > > Leading to what? NULL ptr?
> > > 
> > > https://lkml.kernel.org/r/X9e2jOWz1hfXVpQ5@google.com
> > > 
> > > already suggested that you should explain the bug better and add the
> > > splat but I'm still missing that explanation.
> > 
> > OK, I'll try to explain it how I understand the issue.
> > 
> > Consider this loop in the VFS release hook (sgx_release):
> > 
> > 	/*
> > 	 * Drain the remaining mm_list entries. At this point the list contains
> > 	 * entries for processes, which have closed the enclave file but have
> > 	 * not exited yet. The processes, which have exited, are gone from the
> > 	 * list by sgx_mmu_notifier_release().
> > 	 */
> > 	for ( ; ; )  {
> > 		spin_lock(&encl->mm_lock);
> > 
> > 		if (list_empty(&encl->mm_list)) {
> > 			encl_mm = NULL;
> > 		} else {
> > 			encl_mm = list_first_entry(&encl->mm_list,
> > 						   struct sgx_encl_mm, list);
> > 			list_del_rcu(&encl_mm->list);
> > 		}
> > 
> > 		spin_unlock(&encl->mm_lock);
> > 
> > 		/* The enclave is no longer mapped by any mm. */
> > 		if (!encl_mm)
> > 			break;
> > 
> > 		synchronize_srcu(&encl->srcu);
> > 		mmu_notifier_unregister(&encl_mm->mmu_notifier, encl_mm->mm);
> > 		kfree(encl_mm);
> > 	}
> > 
> > 
> > At this point all processes have closed the enclave file, but that
> > doesn't
> > mean that they all have exited yet.
> > 
> > Now, let's imagine that there is exactly one entry in the encl->mm_list.
> > and sgx_release() execution gets scheduled right after returning from
> > synchronize_srcu().
> > 
> > With some bad luck, some process comes and removes that last entry befoe
> > sgx_release() acquires mm_lock. The loop in sgx_release() just leaves
> > 
> > 		/* The enclave is no longer mapped by any mm. */
> > 		if (!encl_mm)
> > 			break;
> > 
> > No synchronize_srcu().
> > 
> > After writing this, I think that the placement for synchronize_srcu()
> > in this patch is not best possible. It should be rather that the
> > above loop would also call synchronize_srcu() when leaving.
> > 
> > I.e. the code change would result:
> > 
> > 	for ( ; ; )  {
> > 		spin_lock(&encl->mm_lock);
> > 
> > 		if (list_empty(&encl->mm_list)) {
> > 			encl_mm = NULL;
> > 		} else {
> > 			encl_mm = list_first_entry(&encl->mm_list,
> > 						   struct sgx_encl_mm, list);
> > 			list_del_rcu(&encl_mm->list);
> > 		}
> > 
> > 		spin_unlock(&encl->mm_lock);
> > 
> >                 /*
> >                  * synchronize_srcu() is mandatory *even* when the list
> > was
> >                  * empty, in order make sure that grace periods stays in
> >                  * sync even when another task took away the last entry
> >                  * (i.e. exiting process when it deletes its mm_list).
> >                  */
> > 		synchronize_srcu(&encl->srcu);
> > 
> > 		/* The enclave is no longer mapped by any mm. */
> > 		if (!encl_mm)
> > 			break;
> > 
> > 		mmu_notifier_unregister(&encl_mm->mmu_notifier, encl_mm->mm);
> > 		kfree(encl_mm);
> > 	}
> > 
> > What do you think? Does this start to make more sense now?
> > I don't have logs for this but the bug can be also reasoned.
> > 
> > /Jarkko
> 
> I did this experiment just now and find it runs much much slower than both
> original code and code with synchronize_srcu_expedited fix in this patch.
> Haitao

Yeah, but using expedited is not really in the scope of a bug fix.

It's a change that needs to be considered separately.

And it's more complicated than that. It also needs data to back it
up. How we can test and compare?

/Jarkko

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