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Date:   Fri, 15 Jan 2021 18:32:03 -0800
From:   Vipin Sharma <vipinsh@...gle.com>
To:     thomas.lendacky@....com, brijesh.singh@....com, jon.grimm@....com,
        eric.vantassell@....com, pbonzini@...hat.com, seanjc@...gle.com,
        tj@...nel.org, hannes@...xchg.org, frankja@...ux.ibm.com,
        borntraeger@...ibm.com, corbet@....net
Cc:     joro@...tes.org, vkuznets@...hat.com, wanpengli@...cent.com,
        jmattson@...gle.com, tglx@...utronix.de, mingo@...hat.com,
        bp@...en8.de, hpa@...or.com, gingell@...gle.com,
        rientjes@...gle.com, dionnaglaze@...gle.com, kvm@...r.kernel.org,
        x86@...nel.org, cgroups@...r.kernel.org, linux-doc@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, Vipin Sharma <vipinsh@...gle.com>
Subject: [Patch v5 1/2] cgroup: svm: Add Encryption ID controller

Hardware memory encryption is available on multiple generic CPUs. For
example AMD has Secure Encrypted Virtualization (SEV) and SEV -
Encrypted State (SEV-ES).

These memory encryptions are useful in creating encrypted virtual
machines (VMs) and user space programs.

There are limited number of encryption IDs that can be used
simultaneously on a machine for encryption. This generates a need for
the system admin to track, limit, allocate resources, and optimally
schedule VMs and user workloads in the cloud infrastructure. Some
malicious programs can exhaust all of these resources on a host causing
starvation of other workloads.

Encryption ID controller allows control of these resources using
Cgroups.

Controller is enabled by CGROUP_ENCRYPTION_IDS config option.
Encryption controller provide 3 interface files for each encryption ID
type. For example, in SEV:

1. encids.sev.max
	Sets the maximum usage of SEV IDs in the cgroup.
2. encids.sev.current
	Current usage of SEV IDs in the cgroup and its children.
3. encids.sev.stat
	Shown only at the root cgroup. Displays total SEV IDs available
	on the platform and current usage count.

Signed-off-by: Vipin Sharma <vipinsh@...gle.com>
Reviewed-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@...gle.com>
Reviewed-by: Dionna Glaze <dionnaglaze@...gle.com>
Acked-by: Brijesh Singh <brijesh.singh@....com>
---
 arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c                |  52 +++-
 include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h         |   4 +
 include/linux/encryption_ids_cgroup.h |  72 +++++
 include/linux/kvm_host.h              |   4 +
 init/Kconfig                          |  14 +
 kernel/cgroup/Makefile                |   1 +
 kernel/cgroup/encryption_ids.c        | 421 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 7 files changed, 556 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 include/linux/encryption_ids_cgroup.h
 create mode 100644 kernel/cgroup/encryption_ids.c

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c
index c8ffdbc81709..13d9e9ea6dc8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/sev.c
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
 #include <linux/psp-sev.h>
 #include <linux/pagemap.h>
 #include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/encryption_ids_cgroup.h>
 #include <linux/processor.h>
 #include <linux/trace_events.h>
 #include <asm/fpu/internal.h>
@@ -86,10 +87,18 @@ static bool __sev_recycle_asids(int min_asid, int max_asid)
 	return true;
 }
 
-static int sev_asid_new(struct kvm_sev_info *sev)
+static int sev_asid_new(struct kvm *kvm)
 {
-	int pos, min_asid, max_asid;
+	int pos, min_asid, max_asid, ret;
+	struct kvm_sev_info *sev = &to_kvm_svm(kvm)->sev_info;
 	bool retry = true;
+	enum encryption_id_type type;
+
+	type = sev->es_active ? ENCRYPTION_ID_SEV_ES : ENCRYPTION_ID_SEV;
+
+	ret = enc_id_cg_try_charge(kvm, type, 1);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
 
 	mutex_lock(&sev_bitmap_lock);
 
@@ -107,7 +116,8 @@ static int sev_asid_new(struct kvm_sev_info *sev)
 			goto again;
 		}
 		mutex_unlock(&sev_bitmap_lock);
-		return -EBUSY;
+		ret = -EBUSY;
+		goto e_uncharge;
 	}
 
 	__set_bit(pos, sev_asid_bitmap);
@@ -115,6 +125,9 @@ static int sev_asid_new(struct kvm_sev_info *sev)
 	mutex_unlock(&sev_bitmap_lock);
 
 	return pos + 1;
+e_uncharge:
+	enc_id_cg_uncharge(kvm, type, 1);
+	return ret;
 }
 
 static int sev_get_asid(struct kvm *kvm)
@@ -124,14 +137,16 @@ static int sev_get_asid(struct kvm *kvm)
 	return sev->asid;
 }
 
-static void sev_asid_free(int asid)
+static void sev_asid_free(struct kvm *kvm)
 {
 	struct svm_cpu_data *sd;
 	int cpu, pos;
+	struct kvm_sev_info *sev = &to_kvm_svm(kvm)->sev_info;
+	enum encryption_id_type type;
 
 	mutex_lock(&sev_bitmap_lock);
 
-	pos = asid - 1;
+	pos = sev->asid - 1;
 	__set_bit(pos, sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap);
 
 	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
@@ -140,6 +155,9 @@ static void sev_asid_free(int asid)
 	}
 
 	mutex_unlock(&sev_bitmap_lock);
+
+	type = sev->es_active ? ENCRYPTION_ID_SEV_ES : ENCRYPTION_ID_SEV;
+	enc_id_cg_uncharge(kvm, type, 1);
 }
 
 static void sev_unbind_asid(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned int handle)
@@ -184,22 +202,22 @@ static int sev_guest_init(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_sev_cmd *argp)
 	if (unlikely(sev->active))
 		return ret;
 
-	asid = sev_asid_new(sev);
+	asid = sev_asid_new(kvm);
 	if (asid < 0)
 		return ret;
+	sev->asid = asid;
 
 	ret = sev_platform_init(&argp->error);
 	if (ret)
 		goto e_free;
 
 	sev->active = true;
-	sev->asid = asid;
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sev->regions_list);
 
 	return 0;
 
 e_free:
-	sev_asid_free(asid);
+	sev_asid_free(kvm);
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -1240,12 +1258,12 @@ void sev_vm_destroy(struct kvm *kvm)
 	mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
 
 	sev_unbind_asid(kvm, sev->handle);
-	sev_asid_free(sev->asid);
+	sev_asid_free(kvm);
 }
 
 void __init sev_hardware_setup(void)
 {
-	unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx;
+	unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx, sev_asid_count, sev_es_asid_count;
 	bool sev_es_supported = false;
 	bool sev_supported = false;
 
@@ -1277,7 +1295,11 @@ void __init sev_hardware_setup(void)
 	if (!sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap)
 		goto out;
 
-	pr_info("SEV supported: %u ASIDs\n", max_sev_asid - min_sev_asid + 1);
+	sev_asid_count = max_sev_asid - min_sev_asid + 1;
+	if (enc_id_cg_set_capacity(ENCRYPTION_ID_SEV, sev_asid_count))
+		goto out;
+
+	pr_info("SEV supported: %u ASIDs\n", sev_asid_count);
 	sev_supported = true;
 
 	/* SEV-ES support requested? */
@@ -1292,7 +1314,11 @@ void __init sev_hardware_setup(void)
 	if (min_sev_asid == 1)
 		goto out;
 
-	pr_info("SEV-ES supported: %u ASIDs\n", min_sev_asid - 1);
+	sev_es_asid_count = min_sev_asid - 1;
+	if (enc_id_cg_set_capacity(ENCRYPTION_ID_SEV_ES, sev_es_asid_count))
+		goto out;
+
+	pr_info("SEV-ES supported: %u ASIDs\n", sev_es_asid_count);
 	sev_es_supported = true;
 
 out:
@@ -1307,6 +1333,8 @@ void sev_hardware_teardown(void)
 
 	bitmap_free(sev_asid_bitmap);
 	bitmap_free(sev_reclaim_asid_bitmap);
+	enc_id_cg_set_capacity(ENCRYPTION_ID_SEV, 0);
+	enc_id_cg_set_capacity(ENCRYPTION_ID_SEV_ES, 0);
 
 	sev_flush_asids();
 }
diff --git a/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h b/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h
index acb77dcff3b4..6ce1b5d2a5a2 100644
--- a/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h
+++ b/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h
@@ -61,6 +61,10 @@ SUBSYS(pids)
 SUBSYS(rdma)
 #endif
 
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CGROUP_ENCRYPTION_IDS)
+SUBSYS(encids)
+#endif
+
 /*
  * The following subsystems are not supported on the default hierarchy.
  */
diff --git a/include/linux/encryption_ids_cgroup.h b/include/linux/encryption_ids_cgroup.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..af428a4beb28
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/encryption_ids_cgroup.h
@@ -0,0 +1,72 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/*
+ * Encryption IDs cgroup controller.
+ *
+ * Copyright 2020 Google LLC
+ * Author: Vipin Sharma <vipinsh@...gle.com>
+ */
+#ifndef _ENCRYPTION_IDS_CGROUP_H_
+#define _ENCRYPTION_IDS_CGROUP_H_
+
+#include <linux/cgroup-defs.h>
+#include <linux/kvm_types.h>
+
+/**
+ * Types of encryption IDs supported by the host.
+ */
+enum encryption_id_type {
+#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_AMD_SEV
+	ENCRYPTION_ID_SEV,
+	ENCRYPTION_ID_SEV_ES,
+#endif
+	ENCRYPTION_ID_TYPES
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_ENCRYPTION_IDS
+
+/**
+ * struct encryption_id_res: Per cgroup per encryption ID resource
+ * @max: Maximum count of encryption ID that can be used.
+ * @usage: Current usage of encryption ID in the cgroup.
+ */
+struct encryption_id_res {
+	unsigned int max;
+	unsigned int usage;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct encryption_id_cgroup - Encryption IDs controller's cgroup structure.
+ * @css: cgroup subsys state object.
+ * @ids: Array of encryption IDs resource usage in the cgroup.
+ */
+struct encryption_id_cgroup {
+	struct cgroup_subsys_state css;
+	struct encryption_id_res res[ENCRYPTION_ID_TYPES];
+};
+
+int enc_id_cg_set_capacity(enum encryption_id_type type, unsigned int capacity);
+int enc_id_cg_try_charge(struct kvm *kvm, enum encryption_id_type type,
+			 unsigned int amount);
+void enc_id_cg_uncharge(struct kvm *kvm, enum encryption_id_type type,
+			unsigned int amount);
+#else
+static inline int enc_id_cg_set_capacity(enum encryption_id_type type,
+					 unsigned int capacity)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline int enc_id_cg_try_charge(struct kvm *kvm,
+				       enum encryption_id_type type,
+				       unsigned int amount)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline void enc_id_cg_uncharge(struct kvm *kvm,
+				      enum encryption_id_type type,
+				      unsigned int amount)
+{
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_ENCRYPTION_IDS */
+#endif /* _ENCRYPTION_CGROUP_H_ */
diff --git a/include/linux/kvm_host.h b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
index f3b1013fb22c..ae9fde0d4267 100644
--- a/include/linux/kvm_host.h
+++ b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
 #include <linux/refcount.h>
 #include <linux/nospec.h>
 #include <asm/signal.h>
+#include <linux/encryption_ids_cgroup.h>
 
 #include <linux/kvm.h>
 #include <linux/kvm_para.h>
@@ -513,6 +514,9 @@ struct kvm {
 	pid_t userspace_pid;
 	unsigned int max_halt_poll_ns;
 	u32 dirty_ring_size;
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_ENCRYPTION_IDS
+	struct encryption_id_cgroup *enc_id_cg;
+#endif
 };
 
 #define kvm_err(fmt, ...) \
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index b77c60f8b963..6c0bd0e7c08d 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -1106,6 +1106,20 @@ config CGROUP_BPF
 	  BPF_CGROUP_INET_INGRESS will be executed on the ingress path of
 	  inet sockets.
 
+config CGROUP_ENCRYPTION_IDS
+	bool "Encryption IDs controller"
+	depends on KVM_AMD_SEV
+	default n
+	help
+	  Provides a controller for CPU encryption IDs on a host.
+
+	  Some platforms have limited number of encryption IDs which can be
+	  used simultaneously, e.g., AMD's Secure Encrypted Virtualization
+	  (SEV). This controller tracks and limits the total number of IDs used
+	  by processes attached to a cgroup hierarchy. For more information,
+	  please check Encryption IDs section in
+	  /Documentation/admin-guide/cgroup-v2.rst.
+
 config CGROUP_DEBUG
 	bool "Debug controller"
 	default n
diff --git a/kernel/cgroup/Makefile b/kernel/cgroup/Makefile
index 5d7a76bfbbb7..6c19208dfb7f 100644
--- a/kernel/cgroup/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/cgroup/Makefile
@@ -5,4 +5,5 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_FREEZER) += legacy_freezer.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_PIDS) += pids.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_RDMA) += rdma.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CPUSETS) += cpuset.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_ENCRYPTION_IDS) += encryption_ids.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_DEBUG) += debug.o
diff --git a/kernel/cgroup/encryption_ids.c b/kernel/cgroup/encryption_ids.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..4727fd939f81
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/cgroup/encryption_ids.c
@@ -0,0 +1,421 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Encryption IDs cgroup controller
+ *
+ * Copyright 2020 Google LLC
+ * Author: Vipin Sharma <vipinsh@...gle.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/limits.h>
+#include <linux/cgroup.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/lockdep.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
+#include <linux/encryption_ids_cgroup.h>
+
+#define MAX_STR "max"
+#define MAX_NUM UINT_MAX
+
+/* Root Encryption ID cgroup */
+static struct encryption_id_cgroup root_cg;
+
+/* Lock for tracking and updating encryption ID resources. */
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(enc_id_cg_lock);
+
+/* Encryption ID types capacity. */
+static unsigned int enc_id_capacity[ENCRYPTION_ID_TYPES];
+
+/**
+ * css_enc() - Get encryption ID cgroup from the css.
+ * @css: cgroup subsys state object.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ * Return:
+ * * %NULL - If @css is null.
+ * * struct encryption_id_cgroup* - Encryption ID cgroup pointer of the passed
+ *				    css.
+ */
+static struct encryption_id_cgroup *css_enc(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
+{
+	return css ? container_of(css, struct encryption_id_cgroup, css) : NULL;
+}
+
+/**
+ * parent_enc() - Get the parent of the passed encryption ID cgroup.
+ * @cgroup: cgroup whose parent needs to be fetched.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ * Return:
+ * * struct encryption_id_cgroup* - Parent of the @cgroup.
+ * * %NULL - If @cgroup is null or the passed cgroup does not have a parent.
+ */
+static struct encryption_id_cgroup *
+parent_enc(struct encryption_id_cgroup *cgroup)
+{
+	return cgroup ? css_enc(cgroup->css.parent) : NULL;
+}
+
+/**
+ * valid_type() - Check if @type is valid or not.
+ * @type: encryption ID type.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ * Return:
+ * * true - If valid type.
+ * * false - If not valid type.
+ */
+static inline bool valid_type(enum encryption_id_type type)
+{
+	return type >= 0 && type < ENCRYPTION_ID_TYPES;
+}
+
+/**
+ * enc_id_cg_uncharge_hierarchy() - Uncharge the encryption ID cgroup hierarchy.
+ * @start_cg: Starting cgroup.
+ * @stop_cg: cgroup at which uncharge stops.
+ * @type: type of encryption ID to uncharge.
+ * @amount: Charge amount.
+ *
+ * Uncharge the cgroup tree from the given start cgroup to the stop cgroup.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context. Expects enc_id_cg_lock to be held by the caller.
+ */
+static void enc_id_cg_uncharge_hierarchy(struct encryption_id_cgroup *start_cg,
+					 struct encryption_id_cgroup *stop_cg,
+					 enum encryption_id_type type,
+					 unsigned int amount)
+{
+	struct encryption_id_cgroup *i;
+
+	lockdep_assert_held(&enc_id_cg_lock);
+
+	for (i = start_cg; i != stop_cg; i = parent_enc(i)) {
+		WARN_ON_ONCE(i->res[type].usage < amount);
+		i->res[type].usage -= amount;
+	}
+	css_put(&start_cg->css);
+}
+
+/**
+ * enc_id_cg_set_capacity() - Set the capacity of the encryption ID.
+ * @type: Type of the encryption ID.
+ * @capacity: Supported capacity of the encryption ID on the host.
+ *
+ * If capacity is 0 then the charging a cgroup fails for the encryption ID.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the enc_id_cg_lock lock.
+ * Return:
+ * * %0 - Successfully registered the capacity.
+ * * %-EINVAL - If @type is invalid.
+ * * %-EBUSY - If current usage is more than the capacity.
+ */
+int enc_id_cg_set_capacity(enum encryption_id_type type, unsigned int capacity)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	if (!valid_type(type))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&enc_id_cg_lock, flags);
+
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(root_cg.res[type].usage > capacity))
+		ret = -EBUSY;
+	else
+		enc_id_capacity[type] = capacity;
+
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&enc_id_cg_lock, flags);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(enc_id_cg_set_capacity);
+
+/**
+ * enc_id_cg_try_charge() - Try charging encryption ID cgroup.
+ * @kvm: kvm to store charged cgroup.
+ * @type: Encryption ID type to charge.
+ * @amount: Amount to charge.
+ *
+ * Charge @amount to the cgroup to which the current task belongs to. Charged
+ * cgroup will be pointed by @cg. Caller must use the same cgroup during
+ * uncharge call.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the enc_id_cg_lock lock.
+ * Return:
+ * * %0 - If successfully charged.
+ * * -EINVAL - If @type is invalid or encryption ID has 0 capacity.
+ * * -EBUSY - If max limit will be crossed or total usage will be more than the
+ *	      capacity.
+ */
+int enc_id_cg_try_charge(struct kvm *kvm, enum encryption_id_type type,
+			 unsigned int amount)
+{
+	struct encryption_id_cgroup *task_cg, *i;
+	struct encryption_id_res *id_res;
+	int ret;
+	unsigned int new_usage;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	if (!valid_type(type) || !kvm)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (!amount)
+		return 0;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&enc_id_cg_lock, flags);
+
+	if (!enc_id_capacity[type]) {
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto err_capacity;
+	}
+
+	task_cg = css_enc(task_get_css(current, encids_cgrp_id));
+
+	for (i = task_cg; i; i = parent_enc(i)) {
+		id_res = &i->res[type];
+
+		new_usage = id_res->usage + amount;
+		WARN_ON_ONCE(new_usage < id_res->usage);
+
+		if (new_usage > id_res->max ||
+		    new_usage > enc_id_capacity[type]) {
+			ret = -EBUSY;
+			goto err_charge;
+		}
+
+		id_res->usage = new_usage;
+	}
+
+	kvm->enc_id_cg = task_cg;
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&enc_id_cg_lock, flags);
+	return 0;
+
+err_charge:
+	enc_id_cg_uncharge_hierarchy(task_cg, i, type, amount);
+err_capacity:
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&enc_id_cg_lock, flags);
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(enc_id_cg_try_charge);
+
+/**
+ * enc_id_cg_uncharge() - Uncharge the encryption ID cgroup.
+ * @kvm: kvm containing the corresponding encryption ID cgroup.
+ * @type: Encryption ID which was charged.
+ * @amount: Charged amount.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the enc_id_cg_lock lock.
+ */
+void enc_id_cg_uncharge(struct kvm *kvm, enum encryption_id_type type,
+			unsigned int amount)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	if (!amount)
+		return;
+	if (!valid_type(type))
+		return;
+	if (!kvm || WARN_ON_ONCE(!(kvm->enc_id_cg)))
+		return;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&enc_id_cg_lock, flags);
+	enc_id_cg_uncharge_hierarchy(kvm->enc_id_cg, NULL, type, amount);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&enc_id_cg_lock, flags);
+
+	kvm->enc_id_cg = NULL;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(enc_id_cg_uncharge);
+
+/**
+ * enc_id_cg_max_show() - Show encryption ID cgroup max limit.
+ * @sf: Interface file
+ * @v: Arguments passed
+ *
+ * Uses cft->private value to determine for which encryption ID type results be
+ * shown.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ * Return: 0 to denote successful print.
+ */
+static int enc_id_cg_max_show(struct seq_file *sf, void *v)
+{
+	struct encryption_id_cgroup *cg = css_enc(seq_css(sf));
+	enum encryption_id_type type = seq_cft(sf)->private;
+
+	if (cg->res[type].max == MAX_NUM)
+		seq_printf(sf, "%s\n", MAX_STR);
+	else
+		seq_printf(sf, "%u\n", cg->res[type].max);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * enc_id_cg_max_write() - Update the maximum limit of the cgroup.
+ * @of: Handler for the file.
+ * @buf: Data from the user. It should be either "max", 0, or a positive
+ *	 integer.
+ * @nbytes: Number of bytes of the data.
+ * @off: Offset in the file.
+ *
+ * Uses cft->private value to determine for which encryption ID type results be
+ * shown.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the enc_id_cg_lock lock.
+ * Return:
+ * * >= 0 - Number of bytes processed in the input.
+ * * -EINVAL - If buf is not valid.
+ * * -ERANGE - If number is bigger than unsigned int capacity.
+ */
+static ssize_t enc_id_cg_max_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf,
+				   size_t nbytes, loff_t off)
+{
+	struct encryption_id_cgroup *cg;
+	unsigned int max;
+	int ret = 0;
+	enum encryption_id_type type;
+
+	buf = strstrip(buf);
+	if (!strcmp(MAX_STR, buf)) {
+		max = UINT_MAX;
+	} else {
+		ret = kstrtouint(buf, 0, &max);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	}
+
+	cg = css_enc(of_css(of));
+	type = of_cft(of)->private;
+	cg->res[type].max = max;
+
+	return nbytes;
+}
+
+/**
+ * enc_id_cg_current_read() - Show current usage of the encryption ID.
+ * @css: css pointer of the cgroup.
+ * @cft: cft pointer of the cgroup.
+ *
+ * Uses cft->private value to determine for which encryption ID type results be
+ * shown.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ * Return: 0 to denote successful print.
+ */
+static u64 enc_id_cg_current_read(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
+				  struct cftype *cft)
+{
+	struct encryption_id_cgroup *cg = css_enc(css);
+	enum encryption_id_type type = cft->private;
+
+	return cg->res[type].usage;
+}
+
+/**
+ * enc_id_cg_stat_show() - Show the current stat of the cgroup.
+ * @sf: Interface file
+ * @v: Arguments passed
+ *
+ * Shows the total capacity of the encryption ID and its current usage.
+ * Only shows in root cgroup directory.
+ *
+ * Uses cft->private value to determine for which encryption ID type results be
+ * shown.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the enc_id_cg_lock lock.
+ * Return: 0 to denote successful print.
+ */
+static int enc_id_cg_stat_show(struct seq_file *sf, void *v)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+	enum encryption_id_type type = seq_cft(sf)->private;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&enc_id_cg_lock, flags);
+
+	seq_printf(sf, "total %u\n", enc_id_capacity[type]);
+	seq_printf(sf, "used %u\n", root_cg.res[type].usage);
+
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&enc_id_cg_lock, flags);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* Each encryption ID type has these cgroup files. */
+#define ENC_ID_CGROUP_FILES(id_name, id_type)		\
+	[(id_type) * 3] = {				\
+		.name = id_name ".max",			\
+		.write = enc_id_cg_max_write,		\
+		.seq_show = enc_id_cg_max_show,		\
+		.flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT,		\
+		.private = id_type,			\
+	},						\
+	[((id_type) * 3) + 1] = {			\
+		.name = id_name ".current",		\
+		.read_u64 = enc_id_cg_current_read,	\
+		.flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT,		\
+		.private = id_type,			\
+	},						\
+	[((id_type) * 3) + 2] = {			\
+		.name = id_name ".stat",		\
+		.seq_show = enc_id_cg_stat_show,	\
+		.flags = CFTYPE_ONLY_ON_ROOT,		\
+		.private = id_type,			\
+	}
+
+/* Encryption ID cgroup interface files */
+static struct cftype enc_id_cg_files[] = {
+#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_AMD_SEV
+	ENC_ID_CGROUP_FILES("sev", ENCRYPTION_ID_SEV),
+	ENC_ID_CGROUP_FILES("sev_es", ENCRYPTION_ID_SEV_ES),
+#endif
+	{}
+};
+
+/**
+ * enc_id_cg_alloc() - Allocate encryption ID cgroup.
+ * @parent_css: Parent cgroup.
+ *
+ * Context: Process context.
+ * Return:
+ * * struct cgroup_subsys_state* - css of the allocated cgroup.
+ * * ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM) - No memory available to allocate.
+ */
+static struct cgroup_subsys_state *
+enc_id_cg_alloc(struct cgroup_subsys_state *parent_css)
+{
+	enum encryption_id_type i;
+	struct encryption_id_cgroup *cg;
+
+	if (!parent_css) {
+		cg = &root_cg;
+	} else {
+		cg = kzalloc(sizeof(*cg), GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!cg)
+			return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+	}
+
+	for (i = 0; i < ENCRYPTION_ID_TYPES; i++)
+		cg->res[i].max = MAX_NUM;
+
+	return &cg->css;
+}
+
+/**
+ * enc_id_cg_free() - Free the encryption ID cgroup.
+ * @css: cgroup subsys object.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ */
+static void enc_id_cg_free(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
+{
+	kfree(css_enc(css));
+}
+
+/* Cgroup controller callbacks */
+struct cgroup_subsys encids_cgrp_subsys = {
+	.css_alloc = enc_id_cg_alloc,
+	.css_free = enc_id_cg_free,
+	.legacy_cftypes = enc_id_cg_files,
+	.dfl_cftypes = enc_id_cg_files,
+};
-- 
2.30.0.284.gd98b1dd5eaa7-goog

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