lists.openwall.net   lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
 
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date:   Thu, 21 Jan 2021 16:49:25 -0800
From:   Moritz Fischer <mdf@...nel.org>
To:     Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@....com>
Cc:     Moritz Fischer <mdf@...nel.org>, lorenzo.pieralisi@....com,
        guohanjun@...wei.com, rjw@...ysocki.net,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-acpi@...r.kernel.org,
        moritzf@...gle.com, sudeep.holla@....com, will@...nel.org,
        linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH] ACPI/IORT: Do not blindly trust DMA masks from firmware

Robin,

On Thu, Jan 21, 2021 at 11:15:05PM +0000, Robin Murphy wrote:
> On 2021-01-21 21:17, Moritz Fischer wrote:
> > Robin,
> > 
> > On Thu, Jan 21, 2021 at 08:08:42PM +0000, Robin Murphy wrote:
> > > On 2021-01-21 19:16, Moritz Fischer wrote:
> > > > Address issue observed on real world system with suboptimal IORT table
> > > > where DMA masks of PCI devices would get set to 0 as result.
> > > > 
> > > > iort_dma_setup() would query the root complex' IORT entry for a DMA
> > > > mask, and use that over the one the device has been configured with
> > > > earlier.
> > > > 
> > > > Ideally we want to use the minimum mask of what the IORT contains for
> > > > the root complex and what the device was configured with, but never 0.
> > > > 
> > > > Fixes: 5ac65e8c8941 ("ACPI/IORT: Support address size limit for root complexes")
> > > > Signed-off-by: Moritz Fischer <mdf@...nel.org>
> > > > ---
> > > > Hi all,
> > > > 
> > > > not sure I'm doing this right, but I think the current behavior (while a
> > > > corner case) seems to also fail for 32 bit devices if the IORT specifies
> > > > 64 bit. It works on my test system now with a 32 bit device.
> > > 
> > > I suppose it could go wrong if it's an old driver that doesn't explicitly
> > > set its own masks and assumes they will always be 32-bit. Technically we'd
> > > consider that the driver's fault these days, but there's a lot of legacy
> > > around still.
> > 
> > Huh, ok :) That's news to me. On my system I had three devices running
> > into this, so yeah I think it's quite common.
> 
> Indeed, I'm sure there are plenty of drivers that haven't been touched in
> decades because they're complete and working, and back then they were
> allowed to make that assumption.
> 
> > If that's the official stance I can send patches for the drivers in
> > question :)
> 
> It's certainly good practice, especially for older devices that are still
> popular enough to see use on the increasing variety of new systems. Some
> people are still using the infamous arm64 platform where all the RAM is
> above 40 bits, for instance, and who knows how creative system designers
> might continue to be, so better to give the driver a chance to bail out of
> probing in the rare event that explicitly setting its 32-bit masks *does*
> fail, rather than let it assume DMA should work then get confused when it
> doesn't.
> 
> > > > Open to suggestions for better solutions (and maybe the
> > > > nc_dma_get_range() should have the same sanity check?)
> > > 
> > > Honestly the more I come back to this, the more I think we should give up
> > > trying to be clever and just leave the default masks alone beyond the
> > > initial "is anything set up at all?" sanity checks. Setting the bus limit is
> > > what really matters these days, and should be sufficient to encode any
> > > genuine restriction. There's certainly no real need to widen the default
> > > masks above 32 bits just because firmware suggests so, since the driver
> > > should definitely be calling dma_set_mask() and friends later if it's
> > > > 32-bit capable anyway.
> > > 
> > > > Thanks,
> > > > Moritz
> > > > 
> > > > ---
> > > >    drivers/acpi/arm64/iort.c | 11 ++++++++---
> > > >    1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> > > > 
> > > > diff --git a/drivers/acpi/arm64/iort.c b/drivers/acpi/arm64/iort.c
> > > > index d4eac6d7e9fb..c48eabf8c121 100644
> > > > --- a/drivers/acpi/arm64/iort.c
> > > > +++ b/drivers/acpi/arm64/iort.c
> > > > @@ -1126,6 +1126,11 @@ static int rc_dma_get_range(struct device *dev, u64 *size)
> > > >    	rc = (struct acpi_iort_root_complex *)node->node_data;
> > > > +	if (!rc->memory_address_limit) {
> > > > +		dev_warn(dev, "Root complex has broken memory_address_limit\n");
> > > 
> > > Probably warrants a FW_BUG in there.
> > > 
> > > > +		return -EINVAL;
> > > > +	}
> > > > +
> > > >    	*size = rc->memory_address_limit >= 64 ? U64_MAX :
> > > >    			1ULL<<rc->memory_address_limit;
> > > > @@ -1172,9 +1177,9 @@ void iort_dma_setup(struct device *dev, u64 *dma_addr, u64 *dma_size)
> > > >    		 */
> > > >    		end = dmaaddr + size - 1;
> > > >    		mask = DMA_BIT_MASK(ilog2(end) + 1);
> > > > -		dev->bus_dma_limit = end;
> > > > -		dev->coherent_dma_mask = mask;
> > > > -		*dev->dma_mask = mask;
> > > > +		dev->bus_dma_limit = min_not_zero(dev->bus_dma_limit, end);
> > > 
> > > This doesn't need to change, since the default bus limit is 0 anyway (and
> > > that means "no limit").
> > Ok, I'll drop this.
> > > 
> > > > +		dev->coherent_dma_mask = min_not_zero(dev->coherent_dma_mask, mask);
> > > > +		*dev->dma_mask = min_not_zero(*dev->dma_mask, mask);
> > 
> > I'll keep those two?
> 
> Well...
> 
> > > AFAICS the only way an empty mask could get here now is from
> > > nc_dma_get_range(), so I'd rather see a consistent warning there than just
> > > silently start working around that too.
> > 
> > In my case the empty mask came from the pci dev branch returning a size
> > of 1. (1 << 0).
> 
> In fact I think I was too hasty in saying even that - it actually looks like
> you can't get a mask of 0 either way. If memory_address_limit is 0, then
> size is 1, dmaaddr is 0 (since acpi_dma_get_range() had to fail in the first
> place), so end is 0, so mask is DMA_BIT_MASK(0 + 1), which is 1. So
> min_not_zero() still does nothing :/

The min_not_zero() is to not go from 32 to > 32 if firmware sets it to
say 33? If you prefer we can change it to min() instead?

IMHO we should never widen the mask only narrow it, agreed?
> 
> > I'll replace the dev_warn() with a pr_warn(FW_BUG ...) for both
> > {nc,rc}_dma_get_range() cases then?
> 
> Yes, I think it's worth being consistent. And then we can't ever get past
> the "if (!ret)" condition without a valid size, so we definitely don't need
> to touch anything inside it. And by "valid" I mean that if someone goes to
> the effort of filling in that field with even a 1, then by 'eck we're
> givin'em the 1-bit DMA limit they asked for!
> 
> > > Of course IORT doesn't say these fields are optional (other than the lack of
> > > a root complex limit in older table versions), so we're giving bad firmware
> > > a pass to never be fixed, ho hum...
> > 
> > I think if we yell loud enough (like FW_BUG) that'll get people's
> > attention?
> 
> Ha! I've got a machine where MSIs don't work (let alone SMMU translation...)
> because some of the device mapping offsets are pointing into random parts of
> the IORT like the middle of other nodes' headers. If it boots to a prompt at
> all, someone somewhere will be happy to ship it ;)
Whoa :D

Thanks for the feedback,

Moritz

Powered by blists - more mailing lists