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Date:   Fri, 22 Jan 2021 09:48:32 +0800
From:   Xing Zhengjun <zhengjun.xing@...ux.intel.com>
To:     Hillf Danton <hdanton@...a.com>,
        Oliver Sang <oliver.sang@...el.com>
Cc:     Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        "Paul E . McKenney" <paulmck@...nel.org>,
        Lai Jiangshan <laijs@...ux.alibaba.com>,
        LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, lkp@...el.com
Subject: Re: [workqueue] d5bff968ea:
 WARNING:at_kernel/workqueue.c:#process_one_work



On 1/21/2021 12:00 PM, Hillf Danton wrote:
> On Wed, 20 Jan 2021 21:46:33 +0800 Oliver Sang wrote:
>> On Fri, Jan 15, 2021 at 03:24:32PM +0800, Hillf Danton wrote:
>>> Thu, 14 Jan 2021 15:45:11 +0800
>>>>
>>>> FYI, we noticed the following commit (built with gcc-9):
>>>>
>>>> commit: d5bff968ea9cc005e632d9369c26cbd8148c93d5 ("workqueue: break affinity initiatively")
>>>> https://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/paulmck/linux-rcu.git dev.2021.01.11b
>>>>
>>> [...]
>>>>
>>>> [   73.794288] WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 22 at kernel/workqueue.c:2192 process_one_work
>>>
>>> Thanks for your report.
>>>
>>> We can also break CPU affinity by checking POOL_DISASSOCIATED at attach
>>> time without extra cost paid; that way we have the same behavior as at
>>> the unbind time.
>>>
>>> What is more the change that makes kworker pcpu is cut because they are
>>> going to not help either hotplug or the mechanism of stop machine.
>>
>> hi, by applying below patch, the issue still happened.
> 
> Thanks for your report.
>>
>> [ 4.574467] pci 0000:00:00.0: Limiting direct PCI/PCI transfers
>> [ 4.575651] pci 0000:00:01.0: Activating ISA DMA hang workarounds
>> [ 4.576900] pci 0000:00:02.0: Video device with shadowed ROM at [mem 0x000c0000-0x000dffff]
>> [ 4.578648] PCI: CLS 0 bytes, default 64
>> [ 4.579685] Unpacking initramfs...
>> [ 8.878031] -----------[ cut here ]-----------
>> [ 8.879083] WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 22 at kernel/workqueue.c:2187 process_one_work+0x92/0x9e0
>> [ 8.880688] Modules linked in:
>> [ 8.881274] CPU: 0 PID: 22 Comm: kworker/1:0 Not tainted 5.11.0-rc3-gc213503139bb #2
> 
> The kworker bond to CPU1 runs on CPU0 and triggers the warning, which
> shows that scheduler breaks CPU affinity, after 06249738a41a
> ("workqueue: Manually break affinity on hotplug"), though quite likely
> by kworker/1:0 for the initial workers.
> 
>> [ 8.882518] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.12.0-1 04/01/2014
>> [ 8.887539] Workqueue: 0x0 (events)
>> [ 8.887838] EIP: process_one_work+0x92/0x9e0
>> [ 8.887838] Code: 37 64 a1 58 54 4c 43 39 45 24 74 2c 31 c9 ba 01 00 00 00 c7 04 24 01 00 00 00 b8 08 1d f5 42 e8 74 85 13 00 ff 05 b8 30 04 43 <0f> 0b ba 01 00 00 00 eb 22 8d 74 26 00 90 c7 04 24 01 00 00 00 31
>> [ 8.887838] EAX: 42f51d08 EBX: 00000000 ECX: 00000000 EDX: 00000001
>> [ 8.887838] ESI: 43c04720 EDI: 42e45620 EBP: de7f23c0 ESP: 43d7bf08
>> [ 8.887838] DS: 007b ES: 007b FS: 00d8 GS: 0000 SS: 0068 EFLAGS: 00010002
>> [ 8.887838] CR0: 80050033 CR2: 00000000 CR3: 034e3000 CR4: 000406d0
>> [ 8.887838] Call Trace:
>> [ 8.887838] ? worker_thread+0x98/0x6a0
>> [ 8.887838] ? worker_thread+0x2dd/0x6a0
>> [ 8.887838] ? kthread+0x1ba/0x1e0
>> [ 8.887838] ? create_worker+0x1e0/0x1e0
>> [ 8.887838] ? kzalloc+0x20/0x20
>> [ 8.887838] ? ret_from_fork+0x1c/0x28
>> [ 8.887838] _warn_unseeded_randomness: 63 callbacks suppressed
>> [ 8.887838] random: get_random_bytes called from init_oops_id+0x2b/0x60 with crng_init=0
>> [ 8.887838] --[ end trace ac461b4d54c37cfa ]--
> 
> 
> Instead of creating the initial workers only on the active CPUS, rebind
> them (labeled pcpu) and jump to the right CPU at bootup time.
> 
> --- a/kernel/workqueue.c
> +++ b/kernel/workqueue.c
> @@ -2385,6 +2385,16 @@ woke_up:
>   		return 0;
>   	}
>   
> +	if (!(pool->flags & POOL_DISASSOCIATED) && smp_processor_id() !=
> +								pool->cpu) {
> +		/* scheduler breaks CPU affinity for us, rebind it */
> +		raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pool->lock);
> +		set_cpus_allowed_ptr(worker->task, pool->attrs->cpumask);
> +		/* and jump to the right seat */
> +		schedule_timeout_interruptible(1);
> +		goto woke_up;
> +	}
> +
>   	worker_leave_idle(worker);
>   recheck:
>   	/* no more worker necessary? */
> --
> 
I test the patch, the warning still appears in the kernel log.

[  230.356503] smpboot: CPU 1 is now offline
[  230.544652] x86: Booting SMP configuration:
[  230.545077] smpboot: Booting Node 0 Processor 1 APIC 0x1
[  230.545640] kvm-clock: cpu 1, msr 34f6021, secondary cpu clock
[  230.545675] masked ExtINT on CPU#1
[  230.593829] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[  230.594257] WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 257 at kernel/workqueue.c:2192 
process_one_work+0x92/0x9e0
[  230.594990] Modules linked in: rcutorture torture mousedev input_leds 
led_class pcspkr psmouse evbug tiny_power_button button
[  230.595961] CPU: 0 PID: 257 Comm: kworker/1:3 Not tainted 
5.11.0-rc3-gdcba55d9080f #2
[  230.596621] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), 
BIOS 1.12.0-1 04/01/2014
[  230.597322] Workqueue:  0x0 (rcu_gp)
[  230.597636] EIP: process_one_work+0x92/0x9e0
[  230.598005] Code: 37 64 a1 58 54 4c 43 39 45 24 74 2c 31 c9 ba 01 00 
00 00 c7 04 24 01 00 00 00 b8 08 1d f5 42 e8 f4 85 13 00 ff 05 cc 30 04 
43 <0f> 0b ba 01 00 00 00 eb 22 8d 74 26 00 90 c7 04 24 01 00 00 00 31
[  230.599569] EAX: 42f51d08 EBX: 00000000 ECX: 00000000 EDX: 00000001
[  230.600100] ESI: 43d94240 EDI: df4040f4 EBP: de7f23c0 ESP: bf5f1f08
[  230.600629] DS: 007b ES: 007b FS: 00d8 GS: 0000 SS: 0068 EFLAGS: 00010002
[  230.601203] CR0: 80050033 CR2: 01bdecbc CR3: 04e2c000 CR4: 000406d0
[  230.601735] DR0: 00000000 DR1: 00000000 DR2: 00000000 DR3: 00000000
[  230.602265] DR6: fffe0ff0 DR7: 00000400
[  230.602594] Call Trace:
[  230.602813]  ? process_one_work+0x20e/0x9e0
[  230.603181]  ? worker_thread+0x32d/0x700
[  230.603522]  ? kthread+0x1ba/0x1e0
[  230.603818]  ? create_worker+0x1e0/0x1e0
[  230.604157]  ? kzalloc+0x20/0x20
[  230.604524]  ? ret_from_fork+0x1c/0x28
[  230.604850] ---[ end trace 06b1e66b5e17fa85 ]---
[  230.605504] kvm-guest: stealtime: cpu 1, msr 9e7e6ec0
[  230.766960] smpboot: CPU 1 is now offline
[  230.814803] x86: Booting SMP configuration:
[  230.815306] smpboot: Booting Node 0 Processor 1 APIC 0x1
[  230.815964] kvm-clock: cpu 1, msr 34f6021, secondary cpu clock


-- 
Zhengjun Xing

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