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Date:   Mon, 1 Feb 2021 23:05:07 -0500
From:   Pavel Tatashin <>
To:     Andrew Morton <>
Cc:     LKML <>, linux-mm <>,
        Vlastimil Babka <>,
        Michal Hocko <>,
        David Hildenbrand <>,
        Oscar Salvador <>,
        Dan Williams <>,
        Sasha Levin <>,,,
        kernel test robot <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v9 08/14] mm/gup: do not migrate zero page

Hi Andrew,

Should I send new patches or is the update for this patch sufficient?

Here is updated patch:

>From 9fb856f3a5cfda18a4b84e81dfb0266bee4a4ea6 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Pavel Tatashin <>
Date: Mon, 18 Jan 2021 17:35:18 -0500
Subject: [PATCH v9 08/14] mm/gup: do not migrate zero page

On some platforms ZERO_PAGE(0) might end-up in a movable zone. Do not
migrate zero page in gup during longterm pinning as migration of zero page
is not allowed.

For example, in x86 QEMU with 16G of memory and kernelcore=5G parameter, I
see the following:

Boot#1: zero_pfn  0x48a8d zero_pfn zone: ZONE_DMA32
Boot#2: zero_pfn 0x20168d zero_pfn zone: ZONE_MOVABLE

On x86, empty_zero_page is declared in .bss and depending on the loader
may end up in different physical locations during boots.

Also, move is_zero_pfn() my_zero_pfn() functions under CONFIG_MMU, because
zero_pfn that they are using is declared in memory.c which is compiled

is_pinnable_page() is needed only when CONFIG_MIGRATION is set, because
without page migration all pages are pinnable, so add a stub version of
is_pinnable_page() for !CONFIG_MIGRATION case. This also solves issues
where mm.h is included but is_zero_pfn() is not available because of
CONFIG_MMU is not set.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <>
 include/linux/mm.h      | 10 +++++++++-
 include/linux/mmzone.h  |  4 ++++
 include/linux/pgtable.h |  3 +--
 3 files changed, 14 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index db228aa8d9f7..a5cb32183ac5 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -1127,11 +1127,19 @@ static inline bool is_zone_movable_page(const struct page *page)
 	return page_zonenum(page) == ZONE_MOVABLE;
 /* MIGRATE_CMA and ZONE_MOVABLE do not allow pin pages */
 static inline bool is_pinnable_page(struct page *page)
-	return !is_zone_movable_page(page) && !is_migrate_cma_page(page);
+	return !(is_zone_movable_page(page) || is_migrate_cma_page(page)) ||
+		is_zero_pfn(page_to_pfn(page));
+static inline bool is_pinnable_page(struct page *page)
+	return true;
 void free_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page);
diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index 87a7f9e2d1c2..aacbed98a1ed 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -427,6 +427,10 @@ enum zone_type {
 	 *    techniques might use alloc_contig_range() to hide previously
 	 *    exposed pages from the buddy again (e.g., to implement some sort
 	 *    of memory unplug in virtio-mem).
+	 * 6. ZERO_PAGE(0), kernelcore/movablecore setups might create
+	 *    situations where ZERO_PAGE(0) which is allocated differently
+	 *    on different platforms may end up in a movable zone. ZERO_PAGE(0)
+	 *    cannot be migrated.
 	 * In general, no unmovable allocations that degrade memory offlining
 	 * should end up in ZONE_MOVABLE. Allocators (like alloc_contig_range())
diff --git a/include/linux/pgtable.h b/include/linux/pgtable.h
index 1d3087753426..bad0f417adb3 100644
--- a/include/linux/pgtable.h
+++ b/include/linux/pgtable.h
@@ -1118,6 +1118,7 @@ extern void untrack_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long pfn,
 extern void untrack_pfn_moved(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
+#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
 static inline int is_zero_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
@@ -1142,8 +1143,6 @@ static inline unsigned long my_zero_pfn(unsigned long addr)
-#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
 static inline int pmd_trans_huge(pmd_t pmd)

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