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Date:   Thu, 04 Feb 2021 20:35:34 -0500
From:   Daniel Jordan <daniel.m.jordan@...cle.com>
To:     Alexey Klimov <aklimov@...hat.com>, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        cgroups@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     peterz@...radead.org, yury.norov@...il.com, tglx@...utronix.de,
        jobaker@...hat.com, audralmitchel@...il.com, arnd@...db.de,
        gregkh@...uxfoundation.org, rafael@...nel.org, tj@...nel.org,
        lizefan@...wei.com, qais.yousef@....com, hannes@...xchg.org,
        klimov.linux@...il.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH] cpu/hotplug: wait for cpuset_hotplug_work to finish on
 cpu onlining

Alexey Klimov <aklimov@...hat.com> writes:

> When a CPU offlined and onlined via device_offline() and device_online()
> the userspace gets uevent notification. If, after receiving "online" uevent,
> userspace executes sched_setaffinity() on some task trying to move it
> to a recently onlined CPU, then it often fails with -EINVAL. Userspace needs
> to wait around 5..30 ms before sched_setaffinity() will succeed for the recently
> onlined CPU after receiving uevent.
>
> If in_mask argument for sched_setaffinity() has only recently onlined CPU,
> it often fails with such flow:
>
>   sched_setaffinity()
>     cpuset_cpus_allowed()
>       guarantee_online_cpus()   <-- cs->effective_cpus mask does not
>                                         contain recently onlined cpu
>     cpumask_and()               <-- final new_mask is empty
>     __set_cpus_allowed_ptr()
>       cpumask_any_and_distribute() <-- returns dest_cpu equal to nr_cpu_ids
>       returns -EINVAL
>
> Cpusets used in guarantee_online_cpus() are updated using workqueue from
> cpuset_update_active_cpus() which in its turn is called from cpu hotplug callback
> sched_cpu_activate() hence it may not be observable by sched_setaffinity() if
> it is called immediately after uevent.
> Out of line uevent can be avoided if we will ensure that cpuset_hotplug_work
> has run to completion using cpuset_wait_for_hotplug() after onlining the
> cpu in cpu_up() and in cpuhp_smt_enable().

Nice writeup.  I just have some nits, patch looks ok otherwise.

> @@ -1281,6 +1282,11 @@ static int cpu_up(unsigned int cpu, enum cpuhp_state target)
>  	err = _cpu_up(cpu, 0, target);
>  out:
>  	cpu_maps_update_done();
> +
> +	/* To avoid out of line uevent */

Not sure this will make sense out of context.  Maybe,

        /*
         * Wait for cpuset updates to cpumasks to finish.  Later on this path
         * may generate uevents whose consumers rely on the updates.
         */

> @@ -2062,8 +2068,6 @@ static void cpuhp_offline_cpu_device(unsigned int cpu)
>  	struct device *dev = get_cpu_device(cpu);
>  
>  	dev->offline = true;
>  }
>  
> @@ -2071,14 +2075,18 @@ static void cpuhp_online_cpu_device(unsigned int cpu)
>  	struct device *dev = get_cpu_device(cpu);
>  
>  	dev->offline = false;
>  }

You could get rid of these functions and just put the few remaining bits
in the callers.  They each have only one.

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