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Date:   Mon, 8 Feb 2021 14:46:52 +0800
From:   chenzhou <chenzhou10@...wei.com>
To:     <mingo@...hat.com>, <tglx@...utronix.de>, <rppt@...nel.org>,
        <dyoung@...hat.com>, <bhe@...hat.com>, <catalin.marinas@....com>,
        <will@...nel.org>, <nsaenzjulienne@...e.de>, <corbet@....net>,
        <John.P.donnelly@...cle.com>, <bhsharma@...hat.com>,
        <prabhakar.pkin@...il.com>
CC:     <horms@...ge.net.au>, <robh+dt@...nel.org>, <arnd@...db.de>,
        <james.morse@....com>, <xiexiuqi@...wei.com>,
        <guohanjun@...wei.com>, <huawei.libin@...wei.com>,
        <wangkefeng.wang@...wei.com>, <linux-doc@...r.kernel.org>,
        <linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org>,
        <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, <kexec@...ts.infradead.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v14 00/11] support reserving crashkernel above 4G on arm64
 kdump

Hi all,

Friendly ping...


On 2021/1/30 15:10, Chen Zhou wrote:
> There are following issues in arm64 kdump:
> 1. We use crashkernel=X to reserve crashkernel below 4G, which
> will fail when there is no enough low memory.
> 2. If reserving crashkernel above 4G, in this case, crash dump
> kernel will boot failure because there is no low memory available
> for allocation.
>
> To solve these issues, change the behavior of crashkernel=X.
> crashkernel=X tries low allocation in DMA zone and fall back to high
> allocation if it fails.
>
> We can also use "crashkernel=X,high" to select a high region above
> DMA zone, which also tries to allocate at least 256M low memory in
> DMA zone automatically and "crashkernel=Y,low" can be used to allocate
> specified size low memory.
>
> When reserving crashkernel in high memory, some low memory is reserved
> for crash dump kernel devices. So there may be two regions reserved for
> crash dump kernel.
> In order to distinct from the high region and make no effect to the use
> of existing kexec-tools, rename the low region as "Crash kernel (low)",
> and pass the low region by reusing DT property
> "linux,usable-memory-range". We made the low memory region as the last
> range of "linux,usable-memory-range" to keep compatibility with existing
> user-space and older kdump kernels.
>
> Besides, we need to modify kexec-tools:
> arm64: support more than one crash kernel regions(see [1])
>
> Another update is document about DT property 'linux,usable-memory-range':
> schemas: update 'linux,usable-memory-range' node schema(see [2])
>
> This patchset contains the following eleven patches:
> 0001-x86-kdump-replace-the-hard-coded-alignment-with-macr.patch
> 0002-x86-kdump-make-the-lower-bound-of-crash-kernel-reser.patch
> 0003-x86-kdump-use-macro-CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX-in-functions-.patch
> 0004-x86-kdump-move-xen_pv_domain-check-and-insert_resour.patch
> 0005-x86-kdump-move-reserve_crashkernel-_low-into-crash_c.patch
> 0006-x86-elf-Move-vmcore_elf_check_arch_cross-to-arch-x86.patch
> 0007-arm64-kdump-introduce-some-macroes-for-crash-kernel-.patch
> 0008-arm64-kdump-reimplement-crashkernel-X.patch
> 0009-x86-arm64-Add-ARCH_WANT_RESERVE_CRASH_KERNEL-config.patch
> 0010-arm64-kdump-add-memory-for-devices-by-DT-property-li.patch
> 0011-kdump-update-Documentation-about-crashkernel.patch
>
> 0001-0004 are some x86 cleanups which prepares for making
> functionsreserve_crashkernel[_low]() generic.
> 0005 makes functions reserve_crashkernel[_low]() generic.
> 0006 fix compiling warning.
> 0007-0009 reimplements arm64 crashkernel=X.
> 0010 adds memory for devices by DT property linux,usable-memory-range.
> 0011 updates the doc.
>
> Changes since [v13]
> - Rebased on top of 5.11-rc5.
> - Introduce config CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_RESERVE_CRASH_KERNEL.
> Since reserve_crashkernel[_low]() implementations are quite similar on
> other architectures, so have CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_RESERVE_CRASH_KERNEL in
> arch/Kconfig and select this by X86 and ARM64.
> - Some minor cleanup.
>
> Changes since [v12]
> - Rebased on top of 5.10-rc1.
> - Keep CRASH_ALIGN as 16M suggested by Dave.
> - Drop patch "kdump: add threshold for the required memory".
> - Add Tested-by from John.
>
> Changes since [v11]
> - Rebased on top of 5.9-rc4.
> - Make the function reserve_crashkernel() of x86 generic.
> Suggested by Catalin, make the function reserve_crashkernel() of x86 generic
> and arm64 use the generic version to reimplement crashkernel=X.
>
> Changes since [v10]
> - Reimplement crashkernel=X suggested by Catalin, Many thanks to Catalin.
>
> Changes since [v9]
> - Patch 1 add Acked-by from Dave.
> - Update patch 5 according to Dave's comments.
> - Update chosen schema.
>
> Changes since [v8]
> - Reuse DT property "linux,usable-memory-range".
> Suggested by Rob, reuse DT property "linux,usable-memory-range" to pass the low
> memory region.
> - Fix kdump broken with ZONE_DMA reintroduced.
> - Update chosen schema.
>
> Changes since [v7]
> - Move x86 CRASH_ALIGN to 2M
> Suggested by Dave and do some test, move x86 CRASH_ALIGN to 2M.
> - Update Documentation/devicetree/bindings/chosen.txt.
> Add corresponding documentation to Documentation/devicetree/bindings/chosen.txt
> suggested by Arnd.
> - Add Tested-by from Jhon and pk.
>
> Changes since [v6]
> - Fix build errors reported by kbuild test robot.
>
> Changes since [v5]
> - Move reserve_crashkernel_low() into kernel/crash_core.c.
> - Delete crashkernel=X,high.
> - Modify crashkernel=X,low.
> If crashkernel=X,low is specified simultaneously, reserve spcified size low
> memory for crash kdump kernel devices firstly and then reserve memory above 4G.
> In addition, rename crashk_low_res as "Crash kernel (low)" for arm64, and then
> pass to crash dump kernel by DT property "linux,low-memory-range".
> - Update Documentation/admin-guide/kdump/kdump.rst.
>
> Changes since [v4]
> - Reimplement memblock_cap_memory_ranges for multiple ranges by Mike.
>
> Changes since [v3]
> - Add memblock_cap_memory_ranges back for multiple ranges.
> - Fix some compiling warnings.
>
> Changes since [v2]
> - Split patch "arm64: kdump: support reserving crashkernel above 4G" as
> two. Put "move reserve_crashkernel_low() into kexec_core.c" in a separate
> patch.
>
> Changes since [v1]:
> - Move common reserve_crashkernel_low() code into kernel/kexec_core.c.
> - Remove memblock_cap_memory_ranges() i added in v1 and implement that
> in fdt_enforce_memory_region().
> There are at most two crash kernel regions, for two crash kernel regions
> case, we cap the memory range [min(regs[*].start), max(regs[*].end)]
> and then remove the memory range in the middle.
>
> [1]: http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/kexec/2020-June/020737.html
> [2]: https://github.com/robherring/dt-schema/pull/19 
> [v1]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/4/2/1174
> [v2]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/4/9/86
> [v3]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/4/9/306
> [v4]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/4/15/273
> [v5]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/5/6/1360
> [v6]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/8/30/142
> [v7]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/12/23/411
> [v8]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/5/21/213
> [v9]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/6/28/73
> [v10]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/7/2/1443
> [v11]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/8/1/150
> [v12]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/9/7/1037
> [v13]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/10/31/34
>
> Chen Zhou (11):
>   x86: kdump: replace the hard-coded alignment with macro CRASH_ALIGN
>   x86: kdump: make the lower bound of crash kernel reservation
>     consistent
>   x86: kdump: use macro CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX in functions
>     reserve_crashkernel()
>   x86: kdump: move xen_pv_domain() check and insert_resource() to
>     setup_arch()
>   x86: kdump: move reserve_crashkernel[_low]() into crash_core.c
>   x86/elf: Move vmcore_elf_check_arch_cross to
>     arch/x86/include/asm/elf.h
>   arm64: kdump: introduce some macroes for crash kernel reservation
>   arm64: kdump: reimplement crashkernel=X
>   x86, arm64: Add ARCH_WANT_RESERVE_CRASH_KERNEL config
>   arm64: kdump: add memory for devices by DT property
>     linux,usable-memory-range
>   kdump: update Documentation about crashkernel
>
>  Documentation/admin-guide/kdump/kdump.rst     |  22 ++-
>  .../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt         |  11 +-
>  arch/Kconfig                                  |   3 +
>  arch/arm64/Kconfig                            |   1 +
>  arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h                |  10 ++
>  arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c                     |  13 +-
>  arch/arm64/mm/init.c                          | 111 +++++-------
>  arch/x86/Kconfig                              |   2 +
>  arch/x86/include/asm/elf.h                    |   3 +
>  arch/x86/include/asm/kexec.h                  |  31 +++-
>  arch/x86/kernel/setup.c                       | 163 ++----------------
>  include/linux/crash_core.h                    |   3 +
>  include/linux/kexec.h                         |   2 -
>  kernel/crash_core.c                           | 156 +++++++++++++++++
>  kernel/kexec_core.c                           |  17 --
>  15 files changed, 303 insertions(+), 245 deletions(-)
>

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