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Date:   Sat, 13 Feb 2021 08:40:31 +0100
From:   Helge Deller <deller@....de>
To:     Laurent Vivier <laurent@...ier.eu>, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org, YunQiang Su <ysu@...ecomp.com>,
        YunQiang Su <syq@...ian.org>,
        Alexander Viro <viro@...iv.linux.org.uk>,
        James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@...senPartnership.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3] binfmt_misc: pass binfmt_misc flags to the interpreter

On 6/5/20 6:20 PM, Laurent Vivier wrote:
> Le 28/01/2020 à 14:25, Laurent Vivier a écrit :
>> It can be useful to the interpreter to know which flags are in use.
>>
>> For instance, knowing if the preserve-argv[0] is in use would
>> allow to skip the pathname argument.
>>
>> This patch uses an unused auxiliary vector, AT_FLAGS, to add a
>> flag to inform interpreter if the preserve-argv[0] is enabled.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Laurent Vivier <laurent@...ier.eu>

Acked-by: Helge Deller <deller@....de>

If nobody objects, I'd like to take this patch through the
parisc arch git tree.

It fixes a real-world problem with qemu-user which fails to
preserve the argv[0] argument when the callee of an exec is a
qemu-user target.
This problem leads to build errors on multiple Debian buildd servers
which are using qemu-user as emulation for the target machines.

For details see Debian bug:
http://bugs.debian.org/970460


Helge


>> ---
>>
>> Notes:
>>      This can be tested with QEMU from my branch:
>>
>>        https://github.com/vivier/qemu/commits/binfmt-argv0
>>
>>      With something like:
>>
>>        # cp ..../qemu-ppc /chroot/powerpc/jessie
>>
>>        # qemu-binfmt-conf.sh --qemu-path / --systemd ppc --credential yes \
>>                              --persistent no --preserve-argv0 yes
>>        # systemctl restart systemd-binfmt.service
>>        # cat /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc/qemu-ppc
>>        enabled
>>        interpreter //qemu-ppc
>>        flags: POC
>>        offset 0
>>        magic 7f454c4601020100000000000000000000020014
>>        mask ffffffffffffff00fffffffffffffffffffeffff
>>        # chroot /chroot/powerpc/jessie  sh -c 'echo $0'
>>        sh
>>
>>        # qemu-binfmt-conf.sh --qemu-path / --systemd ppc --credential yes \
>>                              --persistent no --preserve-argv0 no
>>        # systemctl restart systemd-binfmt.service
>>        # cat /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc/qemu-ppc
>>        enabled
>>        interpreter //qemu-ppc
>>        flags: OC
>>        offset 0
>>        magic 7f454c4601020100000000000000000000020014
>>        mask ffffffffffffff00fffffffffffffffffffeffff
>>        # chroot /chroot/powerpc/jessie  sh -c 'echo $0'
>>        /bin/sh
>>
>>      v3: mix my patch with one from YunQiang Su and my comments on it
>>          introduce a new flag in the uabi for the AT_FLAGS
>>      v2: only pass special flags (remove Magic and Enabled flags)
>>
>>   fs/binfmt_elf.c              | 5 ++++-
>>   fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c        | 5 ++++-
>>   fs/binfmt_misc.c             | 4 +++-
>>   include/linux/binfmts.h      | 4 ++++
>>   include/uapi/linux/binfmts.h | 4 ++++
>>   5 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/fs/binfmt_elf.c b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
>> index ecd8d2698515..ff918042ceed 100644
>> --- a/fs/binfmt_elf.c
>> +++ b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
>> @@ -176,6 +176,7 @@ create_elf_tables(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct elfhdr *exec,
>>   	unsigned char k_rand_bytes[16];
>>   	int items;
>>   	elf_addr_t *elf_info;
>> +	elf_addr_t flags = 0;
>>   	int ei_index = 0;
>>   	const struct cred *cred = current_cred();
>>   	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
>> @@ -250,7 +251,9 @@ create_elf_tables(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct elfhdr *exec,
>>   	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PHENT, sizeof(struct elf_phdr));
>>   	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PHNUM, exec->e_phnum);
>>   	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_BASE, interp_load_addr);
>> -	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_FLAGS, 0);
>> +	if (bprm->interp_flags & BINPRM_FLAGS_PRESERVE_ARGV0)
>> +		flags |= AT_FLAGS_PRESERVE_ARGV0;
>> +	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_FLAGS, flags);
>>   	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_ENTRY, exec->e_entry);
>>   	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_UID, from_kuid_munged(cred->user_ns, cred->uid));
>>   	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_EUID, from_kuid_munged(cred->user_ns, cred->euid));
>> diff --git a/fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c b/fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c
>> index 240f66663543..abb90d82aa58 100644
>> --- a/fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c
>> +++ b/fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c
>> @@ -507,6 +507,7 @@ static int create_elf_fdpic_tables(struct linux_binprm *bprm,
>>   	char __user *u_platform, *u_base_platform, *p;
>>   	int loop;
>>   	int nr;	/* reset for each csp adjustment */
>> +	unsigned long flags = 0;
>>
>>   #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
>>   	/* In some cases (e.g. Hyper-Threading), we want to avoid L1 evictions
>> @@ -647,7 +648,9 @@ static int create_elf_fdpic_tables(struct linux_binprm *bprm,
>>   	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PHENT,	sizeof(struct elf_phdr));
>>   	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PHNUM,	exec_params->hdr.e_phnum);
>>   	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_BASE,	interp_params->elfhdr_addr);
>> -	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_FLAGS,	0);
>> +	if (bprm->interp_flags & BINPRM_FLAGS_PRESERVE_ARGV0)
>> +		flags |= AT_FLAGS_PRESERVE_ARGV0;
>> +	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_FLAGS,	flags);
>>   	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_ENTRY,	exec_params->entry_addr);
>>   	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_UID,	(elf_addr_t) from_kuid_munged(cred->user_ns, cred->uid));
>>   	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_EUID,	(elf_addr_t) from_kuid_munged(cred->user_ns, cred->euid));
>> diff --git a/fs/binfmt_misc.c b/fs/binfmt_misc.c
>> index cdb45829354d..b9acdd26a654 100644
>> --- a/fs/binfmt_misc.c
>> +++ b/fs/binfmt_misc.c
>> @@ -154,7 +154,9 @@ static int load_misc_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
>>   	if (bprm->interp_flags & BINPRM_FLAGS_PATH_INACCESSIBLE)
>>   		goto ret;
>>
>> -	if (!(fmt->flags & MISC_FMT_PRESERVE_ARGV0)) {
>> +	if (fmt->flags & MISC_FMT_PRESERVE_ARGV0) {
>> +		bprm->interp_flags |= BINPRM_FLAGS_PRESERVE_ARGV0;
>> +	} else {
>>   		retval = remove_arg_zero(bprm);
>>   		if (retval)
>>   			goto ret;
>> diff --git a/include/linux/binfmts.h b/include/linux/binfmts.h
>> index b40fc633f3be..265b80d5fd6f 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/binfmts.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/binfmts.h
>> @@ -78,6 +78,10 @@ struct linux_binprm {
>>   #define BINPRM_FLAGS_PATH_INACCESSIBLE_BIT 2
>>   #define BINPRM_FLAGS_PATH_INACCESSIBLE (1 << BINPRM_FLAGS_PATH_INACCESSIBLE_BIT)
>>
>> +/* if preserve the argv0 for the interpreter  */
>> +#define BINPRM_FLAGS_PRESERVE_ARGV0_BIT 3
>> +#define BINPRM_FLAGS_PRESERVE_ARGV0 (1 << BINPRM_FLAGS_PRESERVE_ARGV0_BIT)
>> +
>>   /* Function parameter for binfmt->coredump */
>>   struct coredump_params {
>>   	const kernel_siginfo_t *siginfo;
>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/binfmts.h b/include/uapi/linux/binfmts.h
>> index 689025d9c185..a70747416130 100644
>> --- a/include/uapi/linux/binfmts.h
>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/binfmts.h
>> @@ -18,4 +18,8 @@ struct pt_regs;
>>   /* sizeof(linux_binprm->buf) */
>>   #define BINPRM_BUF_SIZE 256
>>
>> +/* if preserve the argv0 for the interpreter  */
>> +#define AT_FLAGS_PRESERVE_ARGV0_BIT 0
>> +#define AT_FLAGS_PRESERVE_ARGV0 (1 << AT_FLAGS_PRESERVE_ARGV0_BIT)
>> +
>>   #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_BINFMTS_H */
>>
>

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