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Date:   Fri, 11 Jun 2021 18:11:54 +0530
From:   "Pratik R. Sampat" <psampat@...ux.ibm.com>
To:     mpe@...erman.id.au, shuah@...nel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        linuxppc-dev@...ts.ozlabs.org, linux-kselftest@...r.kernel.org,
        psampat@...ux.ibm.com, pratik.r.sampat@...il.com
Subject: [RFC 2/2] powerpc/selftest: Add support for cpuidle latency measurement

The cpuidle latency selftest provides support to systematically extract,
analyse and present IPI and timer based wakeup latencies for each CPU
and each idle state available on the system.

The selftest leverages test-cpuidle_latency module's debugfs interface
to interact and extract latency information from the kernel.

The selftest inserts the module if already not inserted, disables all
the idle states and enables them one by one testing the following:
1. Keeping source CPU constant, iterate through all the CPUS measuring
  IPI latency for baseline (CPU is busy with cat /dev/random > /dev/null
  workload) and then when the CPU is allowed to be at rest
2. Iterating through all the CPUs, sending expected timer durations to
  be equivalent to the residency of the deepest idle state enabled
  and extracting the difference in time between the time of wakeup and
  the expected timer duration

To run this test specifically:
$ sudo make -C tools/testing/selftests \
  TARGETS="powerpc/cpuidle_latency" run_tests

There are a few optional arguments too that the script can take
        [-h <help>]
        [-m <location of the module>]
        [-o <location of the output>]
        [-v <verbose> (run on all cpus)]
Default Output location in:
tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/cpuidle_latency/cpuidle_latency.log

To run the test without re-compiling:
$ cd tools/testing/selftest/powerpc/cpuidle_latency/
$ sudo ./cpuidle_latency.sh

Signed-off-by: Pratik R. Sampat <psampat@...ux.ibm.com>
---
 tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/Makefile      |   1 +
 .../powerpc/cpuidle_latency/.gitignore        |   2 +
 .../powerpc/cpuidle_latency/Makefile          |   6 +
 .../cpuidle_latency/cpuidle_latency.sh        | 419 ++++++++++++++++++
 .../powerpc/cpuidle_latency/settings          |   1 +
 5 files changed, 429 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/cpuidle_latency/.gitignore
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/cpuidle_latency/Makefile
 create mode 100755 tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/cpuidle_latency/cpuidle_latency.sh
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/cpuidle_latency/settings

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/Makefile
index 0830e63818c1..71ce6fff867d 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/Makefile
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@ SUB_DIRS = alignment		\
 	   benchmarks		\
 	   cache_shape		\
 	   copyloops		\
+	   cpuidle_latency	\
 	   dscr			\
 	   mm			\
 	   nx-gzip		\
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/cpuidle_latency/.gitignore b/tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/cpuidle_latency/.gitignore
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..987f8852dc59
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/cpuidle_latency/.gitignore
@@ -0,0 +1,2 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+cpuidle_latency.log
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/cpuidle_latency/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/cpuidle_latency/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..04492b6d2582
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/cpuidle_latency/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,6 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+all:
+
+TEST_PROGS := cpuidle_latency.sh
+
+include ../../lib.mk
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/cpuidle_latency/cpuidle_latency.sh b/tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/cpuidle_latency/cpuidle_latency.sh
new file mode 100755
index 000000000000..6b55167de488
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/cpuidle_latency/cpuidle_latency.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,419 @@
+#!/bin/bash
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#
+# CPU-Idle latency selftest provides support to systematically extract,
+# analyse and present IPI and timer based wakeup latencies for each CPU
+# and each idle state available on the system by leveraging the
+# test-cpuidle_latency module
+#
+# Author: Pratik R. Sampat <psampat@...ux.ibm.com>
+
+LOG=cpuidle_latency.log
+MODULE=/lib/modules/$(uname -r)/kernel/arch/powerpc/kernel/test-cpuidle_latency.ko
+
+# Kselftest framework requirement - SKIP code is 4.
+ksft_skip=4
+
+VERBOSE=0
+
+DISABLE=1
+ENABLE=0
+
+helpme()
+{
+	printf "Usage: $0 [-h] [-todg args]
+	[-h <help>]
+	[-m <location of the module>]
+	[-o <location of the output>]
+	[-v <verbose>]
+	\n"
+	exit 2
+}
+
+parse_arguments()
+{
+	while getopts ht:m:o:vt:it: arg
+	do
+		case $arg in
+			h) # --help
+				helpme
+				;;
+			m) # --mod-file
+				MODULE=$OPTARG
+				;;
+			o) # output log files
+				LOG=$OPTARG
+				;;
+			v) # Verbose mode - all threads of the CPU
+				VERBOSE=1
+				;;
+			\?)
+				helpme
+				;;
+		esac
+	done
+}
+
+ins_mod()
+{
+	debugfs_file=/sys/kernel/debug/latency_test/ipi_latency_ns
+	# Check if the module is already loaded
+	if [ -f "$debugfs_file" ]; then
+		printf "Module already loaded\n\n"
+		return 0
+	fi
+	# Try to load the module
+	if [ ! -f "$MODULE" ]; then
+		printf "$MODULE module does not exist. Exitting\n"
+		exit $ksft_skip
+	fi
+	printf "Inserting $MODULE module\n\n"
+	insmod $MODULE
+	if [ $? != 0 ]; then
+		printf "Insmod $MODULE failed\n"
+		exit $ksft_skip
+	fi
+}
+
+compute_average()
+{
+	arr=("$@")
+	sum=0
+	size=${#arr[@]}
+	if [ $size == 0 ]; then
+		avg=0
+		return 1
+	fi
+	for i in "${arr[@]}"
+	do
+		sum=$((sum + i))
+	done
+	avg=$((sum/size))
+}
+
+cpu_is_online()
+{
+	cpu=$1
+	if [ ! -f "/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu$cpu/online" ]; then
+		echo 1
+		return
+	fi
+	status=$(cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu$cpu/online)
+	echo $status
+}
+
+# Perform operation on each CPU for the given state
+# $1 - Operation: enable (0) / disable (1)
+# $2 - State to enable
+op_state()
+{
+	for ((cpu=0; cpu<NUM_CPUS; cpu++))
+	do
+		local cpu_status=$(cpu_is_online $cpu)
+		if [ $cpu_status == 0 ]; then
+			continue
+		fi
+		echo $1 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu$cpu/cpuidle/state$2/disable
+	done
+}
+
+cpuidle_enable_state()
+{
+	state=$1
+	op_state $ENABLE $state
+}
+
+cpuidle_disable_state()
+{
+	state=$1
+	op_state $DISABLE $state
+}
+
+# Enable/Disable all stop states for all CPUs
+# $1 - Operation: enable (0) / disable (1)
+op_cpuidle()
+{
+	for ((state=0; state<NUM_STATES; state++))
+	do
+		op_state $1 $state
+	done
+}
+
+extract_state_information()
+{
+	for ((state=0; state<NUM_STATES; state++))
+	do
+		state_name=$(cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpuidle/state$state/name)
+		state_name_arr+=($state_name)
+	done
+}
+
+# Extract latency in microseconds and convert to nanoseconds
+extract_latency()
+{
+	for ((state=0; state<NUM_STATES; state++))
+	do
+		latency=$(($(cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpuidle/state$state/latency) * 1000))
+		latency_arr+=($latency)
+	done
+}
+
+# Simple linear search in an array
+# $1 - Element to search for
+# $2 - Array
+element_in()
+{
+	local item="$1"
+	shift
+	for element in "$@";
+	do
+		if [ "$element" == "$item" ]; then
+			return 0
+		fi
+	done
+	return 1
+}
+
+# Parse and return a cpuset with ","(individual) and "-" (range) of CPUs
+# $1 - cpuset string
+parse_cpuset()
+{
+	echo $1 | awk '/-/{for (i=$1; i<=$2; i++)printf "%s%s",i,ORS;next} 1' RS=, FS=-
+}
+
+extract_core_information()
+{
+	declare -a thread_arr
+	for ((cpu=0; cpu<NUM_CPUS; cpu++))
+	do
+		local cpu_status=$(cpu_is_online $cpu)
+		if [ $cpu_status == 0 ]; then
+			continue
+		fi
+
+		siblings=$(cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu$cpu/topology/thread_siblings_list)
+		sib_arr=()
+		for c in $(parse_cpuset $siblings)
+		do
+			sib_arr+=($c)
+		done
+
+		if [ $VERBOSE == 1 ]; then
+			core_arr+=($cpu)
+			for thread in "${sib_arr[@]}"
+			do
+				if [ $cpu == 0 ]; then
+					first_core_arr+=($thread)
+				fi
+			done
+			continue
+		fi
+
+		element_in "${sib_arr[0]}" "${thread_arr[@]}"
+		if [ $? == 0 ]; then
+			continue
+		fi
+		core_arr+=(${sib_arr[0]})
+
+		for thread in "${sib_arr[@]}"
+		do
+			thread_arr+=($thread)
+			if [ $cpu == 0 ]; then
+				first_core_arr+=($thread)
+			fi
+		done
+	done
+}
+
+# Run the IPI test
+# $1 run for baseline - busy cpu or regular environment
+# $2 destination cpu
+ipi_test_once()
+{
+	dest_cpu=$2
+	if [ "$1" = "baseline" ]; then
+		# Keep the CPU busy
+		taskset -c $dest_cpu cat /dev/random > /dev/null &
+		task_pid=$!
+		# Wait for the workload to achieve 100% CPU usage
+		sleep 1
+	fi
+	taskset 0x1 echo $dest_cpu > /sys/kernel/debug/latency_test/ipi_cpu_dest
+	ipi_latency=$(cat /sys/kernel/debug/latency_test/ipi_latency_ns)
+	src_cpu=$(cat /sys/kernel/debug/latency_test/ipi_cpu_src)
+	if [ "$1" = "baseline" ]; then
+		kill $task_pid
+		wait $task_pid 2>/dev/null
+	fi
+}
+
+# Incrementally Enable idle states one by one and compute the latency
+run_ipi_tests()
+{
+	extract_latency
+	# Disable idle states for CPUs
+	op_cpuidle $DISABLE
+
+	declare -a avg_arr
+	echo -e "--IPI Latency Test---" | tee -a $LOG
+
+	echo -e "--Baseline IPI Latency measurement: CPU Busy--" >> $LOG
+	printf "%s %10s %12s\n" "SRC_CPU" "DEST_CPU" "IPI_Latency(ns)" >> $LOG
+	for cpu in "${core_arr[@]}"
+	do
+		local cpu_status=$(cpu_is_online $cpu)
+		if [ $cpu_status == 0 ]; then
+			continue
+		fi
+		ipi_test_once "baseline" $cpu
+		printf "%-3s %10s %12s\n" $src_cpu $cpu $ipi_latency >> $LOG
+		# Skip computing latency average from the source CPU to avoid bias
+		element_in "$cpu" "${first_core_arr[@]}"
+		if [ $? == 0 ]; then
+			continue
+		fi
+		avg_arr+=($ipi_latency)
+	done
+	compute_average "${avg_arr[@]}"
+	echo -e "Baseline Avg IPI latency(ns): $avg" | tee -a $LOG
+
+	for ((state=0; state<NUM_STATES; state++))
+	do
+		unset avg_arr
+		echo -e "---Enabling state: ${state_name_arr[$state]}---" >> $LOG
+		cpuidle_enable_state $state
+		printf "%s %10s %12s\n" "SRC_CPU" "DEST_CPU" "IPI_Latency(ns)" >> $LOG
+		for cpu in "${core_arr[@]}"
+		do
+			local cpu_status=$(cpu_is_online $cpu)
+			if [ $cpu_status == 0 ]; then
+				continue
+			fi
+			# Running IPI test and logging results
+			sleep 1
+			ipi_test_once "test" $cpu
+			printf "%-3s %10s %12s\n" $src_cpu $cpu $ipi_latency >> $LOG
+			# Skip computing latency average from the source CPU to avoid bias
+			element_in "$cpu" "${first_core_arr[@]}"
+			if [ $? == 0 ]; then
+				continue
+			fi
+			avg_arr+=($ipi_latency)
+		done
+		compute_average "${avg_arr[@]}"
+		echo -e "Expected IPI latency(ns): ${latency_arr[$state]}" >> $LOG
+		echo -e "Observed Avg IPI latency(ns) - State ${state_name_arr[$state]}: $avg" | tee -a $LOG
+		cpuidle_disable_state $state
+	done
+}
+
+# Extract the residency in microseconds and convert to nanoseconds.
+# Add 200 ns so that the timer stays for a little longer than the residency
+extract_residency()
+{
+	for ((state=0; state<NUM_STATES; state++))
+	do
+		residency=$(($(cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpuidle/state$state/residency) * 1000 + 200))
+		residency_arr+=($residency)
+	done
+}
+
+# Run the Timeout test
+# $1 run for baseline - busy cpu or regular environment
+# $2 destination cpu
+# $3 timeout
+timeout_test_once()
+{
+	dest_cpu=$2
+	if [ "$1" = "baseline" ]; then
+		# Keep the CPU busy
+		taskset -c $dest_cpu cat /dev/random > /dev/null &
+		task_pid=$!
+		# Wait for the workload to achieve 100% CPU usage
+		sleep 1
+	fi
+	taskset -c $dest_cpu echo $3 > /sys/kernel/debug/latency_test/timeout_expected_ns
+	# Wait for the result to populate
+	sleep 0.1
+	timeout_diff=$(cat /sys/kernel/debug/latency_test/timeout_diff_ns)
+	src_cpu=$(cat /sys/kernel/debug/latency_test/timeout_cpu_src)
+	if [ "$1" = "baseline" ]; then
+		kill $task_pid
+		wait $task_pid 2>/dev/null
+	fi
+}
+
+run_timeout_tests()
+{
+	extract_residency
+	# Disable idle states for all CPUs
+	op_cpuidle $DISABLE
+
+	declare -a avg_arr
+	echo -e "\n--Timeout Latency Test--" | tee -a $LOG
+
+	echo -e "--Baseline Timeout Latency measurement: CPU Busy--" >> $LOG
+	printf "%s %10s %10s\n" "Wakeup_src" "Baseline_delay(ns)">> $LOG
+	for cpu in "${core_arr[@]}"
+	do
+		local cpu_status=$(cpu_is_online $cpu)
+		if [ $cpu_status == 0 ]; then
+			continue
+		fi
+		timeout_test_once "baseline" $cpu 1000000
+		printf "%-3s %13s\n" $src_cpu $timeout_diff >> $LOG
+		avg_arr+=($timeout_diff)
+	done
+	compute_average "${avg_arr[@]}"
+	echo -e "Baseline Avg timeout diff(ns): $avg" | tee -a $LOG
+
+	for ((state=0; state<NUM_STATES; state++))
+	do
+		unset avg_arr
+		echo -e "---Enabling state: ${state_name_arr[$state]}---" >> $LOG
+		cpuidle_enable_state $state
+		printf "%s %10s %10s\n" "Wakeup_src" "Baseline_delay(ns)" "Delay(ns)" >> $LOG
+		for cpu in "${core_arr[@]}"
+		do
+			local cpu_status=$(cpu_is_online $cpu)
+			if [ $cpu_status == 0 ]; then
+				continue
+			fi
+			timeout_test_once "test" $cpu 1000000
+			printf "%-3s %13s %18s\n" $src_cpu $baseline_timeout_diff $timeout_diff >> $LOG
+			avg_arr+=($timeout_diff)
+		done
+		compute_average "${avg_arr[@]}"
+		echo -e "Expected timeout(ns): ${residency_arr[$state]}" >> $LOG
+		echo -e "Observed Avg timeout diff(ns) - State ${state_name_arr[$state]}: $avg" | tee -a $LOG
+		cpuidle_disable_state $state
+	done
+}
+
+declare -a residency_arr
+declare -a latency_arr
+declare -a core_arr
+declare -a first_core_arr
+declare -a state_name_arr
+
+parse_arguments $@
+
+rm -f $LOG
+touch $LOG
+NUM_CPUS=$(nproc --all)
+NUM_STATES=$(ls -1 /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpuidle/ | wc -l)
+
+extract_core_information
+extract_state_information
+
+ins_mod $MODULE
+
+run_ipi_tests
+run_timeout_tests
+
+# Enable all idle states for all CPUs
+op_cpuidle $ENABLE
+printf "Removing $MODULE module\n"
+printf "Full Output logged at: $LOG\n"
+rmmod $MODULE
+
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/cpuidle_latency/settings b/tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/cpuidle_latency/settings
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e7b9417537fb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/cpuidle_latency/settings
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+timeout=0
-- 
2.17.1

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