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Date:   Fri, 23 Jul 2021 01:54:07 +0900
From:   Kunihiko Hayashi <>
To:     Pali Rohár <>
Cc:     Bjorn Helgaas <>, Rob Herring <>,
        Lorenzo Pieralisi <>,
        Jingoo Han <>,
        Gustavo Pimentel <>,
        Marc Zyngier <>,,,,
        Jassi Brar <>,
        Masami Hiramatsu <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v11 3/3] PCI: uniphier: Add misc interrupt handler to
 invoke PME and AER

Hi Pali,

Thank you for considering about my patch.

On 2021/07/18 9:26, Pali Rohar wrote:

 > Hello Kunihiko!
 > On Friday 23 April 2021 02:04:57 Kunihiko Hayashi wrote:
 > > This patch adds misc interrupt handler to detect and invoke PME/AER event.
 > >
 > > In UniPhier PCIe controller, PME/AER signals are assigned to the same
 > > signal as MSI by the internal logic. These signals should be detected by
 > > the internal register, however, DWC MSI handler can't handle these signals.
 > >
 > > DWC MSI handler calls .msi_host_isr() callback function, that detects
 > > PME/AER signals using the internal register and invokes the interrupt
 > > with PME/AER IRQ numbers.
 > >
 > > These IRQ numbers is obtained by uniphier_pcie_port_get_irq() function,
 > > that finds the device that matches PME/AER from the devices associated
 > > with Root Port, and returns its IRQ number.
 > If I understood this issue correctly, it means that your PCIe controller
 > does not issue regular MSI interrupt for PME and AER events, but rather
 > it issue controller specific interrupt and you need to figure out what
 > kind of controller-specific event happened (e.g. PME or AER or something
 > else).

Your view is almost correct.
This controller consists of Synopsys DWC and the glue logic, and regular
MSI interrupt is handled in dw_pcie_msi_isr() for DWC.

The interrupt for PME/AER event is issued to CPU as the same interrupt
as MSI, though, PME/AER event is detected by the glue logic instead of DWC.
So the regular MSI handler can't handle the interrupt for PME/AER event

 > But if your controller supports PME or AER then it expose in its PCIe
 > Root Port capabilities register MSI number for these PME and AER events.
 > Kernel PCIe PME and AER drivers read from capabilities register these
 > numbers and register irq functions to be called when interrupt happens.

Yes, the controller also has the MSI number for PME/AER in Root Port
capability register (defined as PCI_ERR_ROOT_AER_IRQ and PCI_EXP_FLAGS_IRQ).

These interrupts are registered with these capability values in

 > So it means that you do not need to implement uniphier_pcie_port_get_irq
 > function via this "ugly" foreach and call pcie_port_service_get_irq. But
 > you can read this MSI interrupt number directly from your controller in
 > this pcie-uniphier.c driver and then use irq_find_mapping() to convert
 > hw MSI number to kernel's virq (used in generic_handle_irq()).
 > Because currently you use in pcie-uniphier.c call to function
 > pcie_port_service_get_irq() which returns cached interrupt number value
 > which was read from PCIe Root Port capability register by PCI subsystem
 > callbacked back to the pcie-uniphier.c driver.
 > For me this looks like "ugly" if you need to do something in
 > "complicated" way and add dependency e.g. on compile options like
 > can be easily avoided.
 > I'm writing this because I was solving exactly same problem for aardvark
 > PCIe controller with PME, AER and HP interrupts (patches are on ML). So
 > I think that this pcie-uniphier.c implementation can be simplified
 > without need to use checks for CONFIG_* options and calling
 > pcie_port_service_get_irq() in list_for_each_entry loop.

The interrupt for PME/AER event is detected by the glue logic.

When the handler needs to read the status register for PME/AER in the glue
logic and issue the correspond MSI interrupt using generic_handle_irq().

If the driver gets the MSI interrupt number directly like
pcie_message_numbers() function, I think this complicated method is
no longer necessary, too.

 > Could you please post output of 'lspci -nn -vv'? In my opinion MSI
 > numbers for AER and PME in Root Port could be constant so it may
 > simplify implementation even more. (Just to note that in my case
 > aardvark returns zero as MSI number and it is also documented in spec).

I already posted the lspci output[1].


According to the spec, the initial MSI number for PME/AER is zero.
And this series up to v5 used fixed zero as the MSI number for PME/AER.

Thank you,

Best Regards
Kunihiko Hayashi

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