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Date:   Thu, 22 Jul 2021 06:34:57 +0000
From:   Shameerali Kolothum Thodi <shameerali.kolothum.thodi@...wei.com>
To:     Will Deacon <will@...nel.org>
CC:     "linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org" 
        <linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org>,
        "kvmarm@...ts.cs.columbia.edu" <kvmarm@...ts.cs.columbia.edu>,
        "linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        "maz@...nel.org" <maz@...nel.org>,
        "catalin.marinas@....com" <catalin.marinas@....com>,
        "james.morse@....com" <james.morse@....com>,
        "julien.thierry.kdev@...il.com" <julien.thierry.kdev@...il.com>,
        "suzuki.poulose@....com" <suzuki.poulose@....com>,
        "jean-philippe@...aro.org" <jean-philippe@...aro.org>,
        "Alexandru.Elisei@....com" <Alexandru.Elisei@....com>,
        Linuxarm <linuxarm@...wei.com>
Subject: RE: [PATCH v2 2/3] kvm/arm: Introduce a new vmid allocator for KVM



> -----Original Message-----
> From: Will Deacon [mailto:will@...nel.org]
> Sent: 21 July 2021 17:06
> To: Shameerali Kolothum Thodi <shameerali.kolothum.thodi@...wei.com>
> Cc: linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org; kvmarm@...ts.cs.columbia.edu;
> linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org; maz@...nel.org; catalin.marinas@....com;
> james.morse@....com; julien.thierry.kdev@...il.com;
> suzuki.poulose@....com; jean-philippe@...aro.org;
> Alexandru.Elisei@....com; Linuxarm <linuxarm@...wei.com>
> Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 2/3] kvm/arm: Introduce a new vmid allocator for KVM
> 
> On Wed, Jun 16, 2021 at 04:56:05PM +0100, Shameer Kolothum wrote:
> > A new VMID allocator for arm64 KVM use. This is based on
> > arm64 asid allocator algorithm.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Shameer Kolothum
> <shameerali.kolothum.thodi@...wei.com>
> > ---
> >  arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h |   4 +
> >  arch/arm64/kvm/vmid.c             | 206
> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  2 files changed, 210 insertions(+)
> >  create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kvm/vmid.c
> 
> Generally, I prefer this to the alternative of creating a library. However,
> I'd probably remove all the duplicated comments in favour of a reference
> to the ASID allocator. That way, we can just comment any VMID-specific
> behaviour in here.

Agree. I retained the comments mainly for myself as its very difficult at times
to follow :)

> 
> Some comments below...
> 
> > diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> > index 7cd7d5c8c4bc..75a7e8071012 100644
> > --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> > +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> > @@ -680,6 +680,10 @@ int kvm_arm_pvtime_get_attr(struct kvm_vcpu
> *vcpu,
> >  int kvm_arm_pvtime_has_attr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> >  			    struct kvm_device_attr *attr);
> >
> > +int kvm_arm_vmid_alloc_init(void);
> > +void kvm_arm_vmid_alloc_free(void);
> > +void kvm_arm_update_vmid(atomic64_t *id);
> > +
> >  static inline void kvm_arm_pvtime_vcpu_init(struct kvm_vcpu_arch
> *vcpu_arch)
> >  {
> >  	vcpu_arch->steal.base = GPA_INVALID;
> > diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/vmid.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/vmid.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..687e18d33130
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/vmid.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,206 @@
> > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > +/*
> > + * VMID allocator.
> > + *
> > + * Based on arch/arm64/mm/context.c
> > + *
> > + * Copyright (C) 2002-2003 Deep Blue Solutions Ltd, all rights reserved.
> > + * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
> > + */
> > +
> > +#include <linux/bitfield.h>
> > +#include <linux/bitops.h>
> > +
> > +#include <asm/kvm_asm.h>
> > +#include <asm/kvm_mmu.h>
> > +
> > +static u32 vmid_bits;
> > +static DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(cpu_vmid_lock);
> > +
> > +static atomic64_t vmid_generation;
> > +static unsigned long *vmid_map;
> > +
> > +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic64_t, active_vmids);
> > +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, reserved_vmids);
> > +static cpumask_t tlb_flush_pending;
> > +
> > +#define VMID_MASK		(~GENMASK(vmid_bits - 1, 0))
> > +#define VMID_FIRST_VERSION	(1UL << vmid_bits)
> > +
> > +#define NUM_USER_VMIDS		VMID_FIRST_VERSION
> > +#define vmid2idx(vmid)		((vmid) & ~VMID_MASK)
> > +#define idx2vmid(idx)		vmid2idx(idx)
> > +
> > +#define vmid_gen_match(vmid) \
> > +	(!(((vmid) ^ atomic64_read(&vmid_generation)) >> vmid_bits))
> > +
> > +static void flush_context(void)
> > +{
> > +	int cpu;
> > +	u64 vmid;
> > +
> > +	bitmap_clear(vmid_map, 0, NUM_USER_VMIDS);
> > +
> > +	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
> > +		vmid = atomic64_xchg_relaxed(&per_cpu(active_vmids, cpu), 0);
> > +		/*
> > +		 * If this CPU has already been through a
> > +		 * rollover, but hasn't run another task in
> > +		 * the meantime, we must preserve its reserved
> > +		 * VMID, as this is the only trace we have of
> > +		 * the process it is still running.
> > +		 */
> > +		if (vmid == 0)
> > +			vmid = per_cpu(reserved_vmids, cpu);
> > +		__set_bit(vmid2idx(vmid), vmid_map);
> > +		per_cpu(reserved_vmids, cpu) = vmid;
> > +	}
> 
> Hmm, so here we're copying the active_vmids into the reserved_vmids on a
> rollover, but I wonder if that's overly pessismistic? For the ASID
> allocator, every CPU tends to have a current task so it makes sense, but
> I'm not sure it's necessarily the case that every CPU tends to have a
> vCPU as the current task. For example, imagine you have a nasty 128-CPU
> system with 8-bit VMIDs and each CPU has at some point run a vCPU. Then,
> on rollover, we'll immediately reserve half of the VMID space, even if
> those vCPUs don't even exist any more.
> 
> Not sure if it's worth worrying about, but I wanted to mention it.

Ok. I see your suggestion in patch #3 to avoid this.

> 
> > +void kvm_arm_update_vmid(atomic64_t *id)
> > +{
> 
> Take the kvm_vmid here? That would make:
> 
> > +	/* Check that our VMID belongs to the current generation. */
> > +	vmid = atomic64_read(id);
> > +	if (!vmid_gen_match(vmid)) {
> > +		vmid = new_vmid(id);
> > +		atomic64_set(id, vmid);
> > +	}
> 
> A bit more readable, as you could pass the pointer directly to new_vmid
> for initialisation.

Ok.

Thanks,
Shameer

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