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Date:   Mon, 26 Jul 2021 10:49:26 -0600
From:   Mathieu Poirier <mathieu.poirier@...aro.org>
To:     Mike Leach <mike.leach@...aro.org>
Cc:     Branislav Rankov <branislav.rankov@....com>,
        Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@...ux.intel.com>,
        Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
        Coresight ML <coresight@...ts.linaro.org>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-arm-kernel <linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v8 00/10] CoreSight configuration management; ETM strobing

On Fri, Jul 23, 2021 at 03:43:52PM +0100, Mike Leach wrote:
> HI Mathieu,
> 
> On Thu, 22 Jul 2021 at 17:17, Mathieu Poirier
> <mathieu.poirier@...aro.org> wrote:
> >
> > On Wed, Jul 21, 2021 at 10:35:00PM +0100, Mike Leach wrote:
> > > HI Mathieu,
> > >
> > > On Wed, 21 Jul 2021 at 18:44, Mathieu Poirier
> > > <mathieu.poirier@...aro.org> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > On Fri, Jul 16, 2021 at 11:25:47AM +0100, Mike Leach wrote:
> > > > > HI Mathieu,
> > > > >
> > > > > Below my change notes for the patches changed between v7 and v8 in this set.
> > > > >
> > > > > Regards
> > > > >
> > > > > Mike
> > > > >
> > > > > 0001, 0003, 0004, 0006, 0007, 0008, 0010 - no change
> > > > >
> > > > > 0002 -
> > > > > coresight-syscfg.c
> > > > >     top of file - mutex declaration removed.
> > > > >     cscfg_add_csdev_cfg()
> > > > >         Spinlock replaces mutex
> > > > >     cscfg_load_feat_csdev()
> > > > >         Spinlock replaces mutex
> > > > >     cscsg_list_add_csdev()
> > > > >         Init spinlock
> > > > > coresight.h
> > > > >     struct coresight_device {}
> > > > >         Add spinlock cscfg_csdev_lock alongside the csdev feature and
> > > > > config lists that it protects.
> > > > >
> > > > > 0005 -
> > > > > coresight-syscfg.c
> > > > >     cscfg_csdev_reset_feats()
> > > > >             Spinlock replaces mutex.
> > > > >
> > > > >     cscfg_csdev_enable_active_config()
> > > > >             Spinlock replaces mutex. In enable flag to avoid race with disable.
> > > > >     cscfg_csdev_disable_active_config()
> > > > >             Spinlock replaces mutex. In enable flag to avoid race with enable.
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > > I'm good with the changes made to the above two patches.
> > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > coresight.h
> > > > >     struct coresight_device {}
> > > > >         In enable flag introduced to control possible race between
> > > > > enable and disable. E.g. if we are enabling a config, but a power
> > > > > event tries to shut down the CPU/ETM causing a disable call. We don’t
> > > > > want to hold the cscfg_csdev_lock spinlock throughout the entire
> > > > > enable process - especially as the programming call will claim the
> > > > > internal driver spinlock when writing internal driver data, but we
> > > > > need to ensure that if there is a condition that permits a disable
> > > > > call out of normal sequence then we are able to see it and handle it.
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > > Here I'm assuming the enable and disable calls you are referring to are
> > > > cscfg_csdev_enable_active_config() and cscfg_csdev_disable_active_config().
> > > >
> > >
> > > Yes.
> > >
> > > > From the above paragraph I understand that a call to cscfg_csdev_enable_config()
> > > > can be interrupted at any time when the CPU is shutting down, which can only
> > > > happen when operating from sysfs.
> > > >
> > >
> > > I was concerned about possible power management issues too - though
> > > thinking about it we shouldn't be powering down a PE if we are about
> > > to start tracing on it!
> >
> > You are correct if we are operating from the perf interface.  In sysfs you get
> > no guarantees, anything can happen.
> >
> > >
> > > Truth is, I split the spinlock claims in
> > > cscfg_csdev_enable_active_config() to follow the general kernel
> > > guidance to hold them for the minimum amount of time needed, and then
> > > could not convince myself that it was impossible for
> > > cscfg_csdev_disable_active_config() to be called part way through.
> > >
> > > > With the above in mind and looking at the implementation in patch 05, if the
> > > > code gets interrupted right after cscfg_csdev_enable_config(), function
> > > > cscfg_csdev_disable_config() in cscfg_csdev_disable_active_config() won't be
> > > > called.
> > > >
> > > > In function cscfg_csdev_enable_active_config(), could it be possible to set
> > > > csdev->active_cscfg_ctxt instead of csdev->cscfg_in_enable?  If
> > > > cscfg_csdev_enable_config() gets interrupted then function
> > > > cscfg_csdev_disable_config() can be called.  At that point disabling a feature
> > > > that hasn't been enabled shouldn't do anything.
> > > >
> > >
> > > The concern is that the disable functionality is responsible for
> > > copying back values that might have changed during the operation of
> > > the config - e.g. counters in strobing are restarted at the value they
> > > last had if the routine is restarted on the same ETM at a later time
> > > in the perf session. So if the enable never occurred / errored - we
> > > want to avoid copying what would be an unknown value back. So the
> > > safest way is to only copy back if we succeeded in setting in the
> > > first place - even ETM was never actually started.
> > >
> > > Currently we only set csdev->active_cscfg_ctxt after the call to do
> > > the actual register programming (call to cscfg_csdev_enable_config())
> > > has succeeded, which was fine using the mutex, but gives us the
> > > problem with the split spinlocks.
> > > So csdev->cscfg_in_enable prevents disable path from copying back an
> > > potentially invalid value.
> >
> > I see the problem about potentially copying back invalid alues.  I suggest to:
> >
> > 1) use spin_lock_irqsave() in cscfg_set_on_enable() and cscfg_save_on_disable(),
> > that way the critical section in there is never preempted.
> >
> 
> Agreed.
> 
> 
> > 2) introduce cscfg_feature_csdev::enabled to keep track of which feature has
> > been enabled, and set that flag when the lock is held in cscfg_set_on_enable().
> >
> 
> This does no solve the key issue which is that the configuration -
> which can consist of multiple features - must be all programmed to be
> correctly enabled. Having per feature enables complicates matters more
> than is needed.

Knowing which feature has been enabled would allow us to set active_cscfg_ctxt
while the lock is held in cscfg_csdev_enable_active_config() and unwind
everything in cscfg_csdev_disable_active_config() without fear of copying
uninitialised values.

> There is currently an enable flag on cscfg_config_csdev - which can be
> brought into the scope of the cscfg_csdev_enable_active_config() /
> cscfg_csdev_disable_active_config() spinlocks
> to do what is needed.
> 
> I've dropped the In_enable flag, and use cscfg_config_csdev::enabled &
> csdev->active_cscfg_ctxt to ensure the ordering is handled correctly.
>

Ok, I'll take a look.

> Regards
> 
> Mike
> 
> > Hopefully that will work.  A generous helping of comments will also go a long
> > way.
> >
> > >
> > > Regards
> > >
> > > Mike
> > >
> > >
> > > > Thanks,
> > > > Mathieu
> > > >
> > > > > 0009 -
> > > > >     KConfig
> > > > >     add in dependency on CONFIGFS_FS to eliminate problem highlighted
> > > > > by the kernel bot tests. This had configured coresight as Y, but
> > > > > configfs as M - meaning link issues for configfs code introduced in
> > > > > this set.
> > > > >
> > > > > On Tue, 13 Jul 2021 at 10:43, Branislav Rankov <branislav.rankov@....com> wrote:
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Hi Mathieu,
> > > > > >
> > > > > > On 7/12/21 5:44 PM, Mathieu Poirier wrote:
> > > > > > > Good morning Mike,
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > On Wed, Jul 07, 2021 at 02:29:53PM +0100, Mike Leach wrote:
> > > > > > >> This patchset introduces initial concepts in CoreSight system
> > > > > > >> configuration management support. to allow more detailed and complex
> > > > > > >> programming to be applied to CoreSight systems during trace capture.
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Configurations consist of 2 elements:-
> > > > > > >> 1) Features - programming combinations for devices, applied to a class of
> > > > > > >> device on the system (all ETMv4), or individual devices.
> > > > > > >> 2) Configurations - a set of programmed features used when the named
> > > > > > >> configuration is selected.
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Features and configurations are declared as a data table, a set of register,
> > > > > > >> resource and parameter requirements. Features and configurations are loaded
> > > > > > >> into the system by the virtual cs_syscfg device. This then matches features
> > > > > > >> to any registered devices and loads the feature into them.
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Individual device classes that support feature and configuration register
> > > > > > >> with cs_syscfg.
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Once loaded a configuration can be enabled for a specific trace run.
> > > > > > >> Configurations are registered with the perf cs_etm event as entries in
> > > > > > >> cs_etm/events. These can be selected on the perf command line as follows:-
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> perf record -e cs_etm/<config_name>/ ...
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> This patch set has one pre-loaded configuration and feature.
> > > > > > >> A named "strobing" feature is provided for ETMv4.
> > > > > > >> A named "autofdo" configuration is provided. This configuration enables
> > > > > > >> strobing on any ETM in used.
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Thus the command:
> > > > > > >> perf record -e cs_etm/autofdo/ ...
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> will trace the supplied application while enabling the "autofdo" configuation
> > > > > > >> on each ETM as it is enabled by perf. This in turn will enable strobing for
> > > > > > >> the ETM - with default parameters. Parameters can be adjusted using configfs.
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> The sink used in the trace run will be automatically selected.
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> A configuration can supply up to 15 of preset parameter values, which will
> > > > > > >> subsitute in parameter values for any feature used in the configuration.
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Selection of preset values as follows
> > > > > > >> perf record -e cs_etm/autofdo,preset=1/ ...
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> (valid presets 1-N, where N is the number supplied in the configuration, not
> > > > > > >> exceeding 15. preset=0 is the same as not selecting a preset.)
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Applies to & tested against coresight/next (5.13-rc6 base)
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Changes since v7:
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Fixed kernel test robot issue - config with CORESIGHT=y & CONFIGFS_FS=m causes
> > > > > > >> build error. Altered CORESIGHT config to select CONFIGFS_FS.
> > > > > > >> Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@...el.com>
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Replaced mutex use to protect loaded config lists in coresight devices with per
> > > > > > >> device spinlock to remove issue when disable called in interrupt context.
> > > > > > >> Reported-by: Branislav Rankov <branislav.rankov@....com>
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Can you indicate which patches have changed so I don't have to review the whole
> > > > > > > thing again?   It is also common practice to remove the RB tag when patches
> > > > > > > have changed enough to mandate another review.  In this case all patches still
> > > > > > > bare my RB tags.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Branislav reported the problem but he is not a recipient.  I would like to have
> > > > > > > a confirmation from him that this set fixes the problem he observed before I
> > > > > > > start looking at it.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > I have tested this series and the issue I reported is fixed.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Thanks,
> > > > > > > Mathieu
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Changes since v6:
> > > > > > >> Fixed kernel test robot issues-
> > > > > > >> Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@...el.com>
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Changes since v5:
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> 1) Fix code style issues from auto-build reports, as
> > > > > > >> Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@...el.com>
> > > > > > >> 2) Update comments to get consistent docs for API functions.
> > > > > > >> 3) remove unused #define from autofdo example.
> > > > > > >> 4) fix perf code style issues from patch 4 (Mathieu)
> > > > > > >> 5) fix configfs code style issues from patch 9. (Mathieu)
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Changes since v4: (based on comments from Matthieu and Suzuki).
> > > > > > >> No large functional changes - primarily code improvements and naming schema.
> > > > > > >> 1) Updated entire set to ensure a consistent naming scheme was used for
> > > > > > >> variables and struct members that refer to the key objects in the system.
> > > > > > >> Suffixes _desc used for all references to feature and configuraion descriptors,
> > > > > > >> suffix _csdev used for all references to load feature and configs in the csdev
> > > > > > >> instances. (Mathieu & Suzuki).
> > > > > > >> 2) Dropped the 'configurations' sub dir in cs_etm perf directories as superfluous
> > > > > > >> with the configfs containing the same information. (Mathieu).
> > > > > > >> 3) Simplified perf handling code (suzuki)
> > > > > > >> 4) Multiple simplifications and improvements for code readability (Matthieu
> > > > > > >> and Suzuki)
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Changes since v3: (Primarily based on comments from Matthieu)
> > > > > > >> 1) Locking mechanisms simplified.
> > > > > > >> 2) Removed the possibility to enable features independently from
> > > > > > >> configurations.Only configurations can be enabled now. Simplifies programming
> > > > > > >> logic.
> > > > > > >> 3) Configuration now uses an activate->enable mechanism. This means that perf
> > > > > > >> will activate a selected configuration at the start of a session (during
> > > > > > >> setup_aux), and disable at the end of a session (around free_aux)
> > > > > > >> The active configuration and associated features will be programmed into the
> > > > > > >> CoreSight device instances when they are enabled. This locks the configuration
> > > > > > >> into the system while in use. Parameters cannot be altered while this is
> > > > > > >> in place. This mechanism will be extended in future for dynamic load / unload
> > > > > > >> of configurations to prevent removal while in use.
> > > > > > >> 4) Removed the custom bus / driver as un-necessary. A single device is
> > > > > > >> registered to own perf fs elements and configfs.
> > > > > > >> 5) Various other minor issues addressed.
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Changes since v2:
> > > > > > >> 1) Added documentation file.
> > > > > > >> 2) Altered cs_syscfg driver to no longer be coresight_device based, and moved
> > > > > > >> to its own custom bus to remove it from the main coresight bus. (Mathieu)
> > > > > > >> 3) Added configfs support to inspect and control loaded configurations and
> > > > > > >> features. Allows listing of preset values (Yabin Cui)
> > > > > > >> 4) Dropped sysfs support for adjusting feature parameters on the per device
> > > > > > >> basis, in favour of a single point adjustment in configfs that is pushed to all
> > > > > > >> device instances.
> > > > > > >> 5) Altered how the config and preset command line options are handled in perf
> > > > > > >> and the drivers. (Mathieu and Suzuki).
> > > > > > >> 6) Fixes for various issues and technical points (Mathieu, Yabin)
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Changes since v1:
> > > > > > >> 1) Moved preloaded configurations and features out of individual drivers.
> > > > > > >> 2) Added cs_syscfg driver to manage configurations and features. Individual
> > > > > > >> drivers register with cs_syscfg indicating support for config, and provide
> > > > > > >> matching information that the system uses to load features into the drivers.
> > > > > > >> This allows individual drivers to be updated on an as needed basis - and
> > > > > > >> removes the need to consider devices that cannot benefit from configuration -
> > > > > > >> static replicators, funnels, tpiu.
> > > > > > >> 3) Added perf selection of configuarations.
> > > > > > >> 4) Rebased onto the coresight module loading set.
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> To follow in future revisions / sets:-
> > > > > > >> a) load of additional config and features by loadable module.
> > > > > > >> b) load of additional config and features by configfs
> > > > > > >> c) enhanced resource management for ETMv4 and checking features have sufficient
> > > > > > >> resources to be enabled.
> > > > > > >> d) ECT and CTI support for configuration and features.
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Mike Leach (10):
> > > > > > >>   coresight: syscfg: Initial coresight system configuration
> > > > > > >>   coresight: syscfg: Add registration and feature loading for cs devices
> > > > > > >>   coresight: config: Add configuration and feature generic functions
> > > > > > >>   coresight: etm-perf: update to handle configuration selection
> > > > > > >>   coresight: syscfg: Add API to activate and enable configurations
> > > > > > >>   coresight: etm-perf: Update to activate selected configuration
> > > > > > >>   coresight: etm4x: Add complex configuration handlers to etmv4
> > > > > > >>   coresight: config: Add preloaded configurations
> > > > > > >>   coresight: syscfg: Add initial configfs support
> > > > > > >>   Documentation: coresight: Add documentation for CoreSight config
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >>  .../trace/coresight/coresight-config.rst      | 244 ++++++
> > > > > > >>  Documentation/trace/coresight/coresight.rst   |  16 +
> > > > > > >>  drivers/hwtracing/coresight/Kconfig           |   1 +
> > > > > > >>  drivers/hwtracing/coresight/Makefile          |   7 +-
> > > > > > >>  .../hwtracing/coresight/coresight-cfg-afdo.c  | 153 ++++
> > > > > > >>  .../coresight/coresight-cfg-preload.c         |  31 +
> > > > > > >>  .../coresight/coresight-cfg-preload.h         |  13 +
> > > > > > >>  .../hwtracing/coresight/coresight-config.c    | 275 ++++++
> > > > > > >>  .../hwtracing/coresight/coresight-config.h    | 253 ++++++
> > > > > > >>  drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-core.c  |  12 +-
> > > > > > >>  .../hwtracing/coresight/coresight-etm-perf.c  | 150 +++-
> > > > > > >>  .../hwtracing/coresight/coresight-etm-perf.h  |  12 +-
> > > > > > >>  .../hwtracing/coresight/coresight-etm4x-cfg.c | 182 ++++
> > > > > > >>  .../hwtracing/coresight/coresight-etm4x-cfg.h |  30 +
> > > > > > >>  .../coresight/coresight-etm4x-core.c          |  38 +-
> > > > > > >>  .../coresight/coresight-etm4x-sysfs.c         |   3 +
> > > > > > >>  .../coresight/coresight-syscfg-configfs.c     | 396 +++++++++
> > > > > > >>  .../coresight/coresight-syscfg-configfs.h     |  45 +
> > > > > > >>  .../hwtracing/coresight/coresight-syscfg.c    | 829 ++++++++++++++++++
> > > > > > >>  .../hwtracing/coresight/coresight-syscfg.h    |  81 ++
> > > > > > >>  include/linux/coresight.h                     |  11 +
> > > > > > >>  21 files changed, 2746 insertions(+), 36 deletions(-)
> > > > > > >>  create mode 100644 Documentation/trace/coresight/coresight-config.rst
> > > > > > >>  create mode 100644 drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-cfg-afdo.c
> > > > > > >>  create mode 100644 drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-cfg-preload.c
> > > > > > >>  create mode 100644 drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-cfg-preload.h
> > > > > > >>  create mode 100644 drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-config.c
> > > > > > >>  create mode 100644 drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-config.h
> > > > > > >>  create mode 100644 drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-etm4x-cfg.c
> > > > > > >>  create mode 100644 drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-etm4x-cfg.h
> > > > > > >>  create mode 100644 drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-syscfg-configfs.c
> > > > > > >>  create mode 100644 drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-syscfg-configfs.h
> > > > > > >>  create mode 100644 drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-syscfg.c
> > > > > > >>  create mode 100644 drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-syscfg.h
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> --
> > > > > > >> 2.17.1
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > > _______________________________________________
> > > > > > > CoreSight mailing list
> > > > > > > CoreSight@...ts.linaro.org
> > > > > > > https://lists.linaro.org/mailman/listinfo/coresight
> > > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > --
> > > > > Mike Leach
> > > > > Principal Engineer, ARM Ltd.
> > > > > Manchester Design Centre. UK
> > >
> > >
> > >
> > > --
> > > Mike Leach
> > > Principal Engineer, ARM Ltd.
> > > Manchester Design Centre. UK
> 
> 
> 
> -- 
> Mike Leach
> Principal Engineer, ARM Ltd.
> Manchester Design Centre. UK

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