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Date:   Tue, 10 Aug 2021 12:14:06 +0800
From:   Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi <>
Cc:     Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi <>,,,,,,
Subject: [PATCH v6 2/6] Bluetooth: avoid circular locks in sco_sock_connect

In a future patch, calls to bh_lock_sock in sco.c should be replaced
by lock_sock now that none of the functions are run in IRQ context.

However, doing so results in a circular locking dependency:

WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected
5.14.0-rc4-syzkaller #0 Not tainted
syz-executor.2/14867 is trying to acquire lock:
ffff88803e3c1120 (sk_lock-AF_BLUETOOTH-BTPROTO_SCO){+.+.}-{0:0}, at:
lock_sock include/net/sock.h:1613 [inline]
ffff88803e3c1120 (sk_lock-AF_BLUETOOTH-BTPROTO_SCO){+.+.}-{0:0}, at:
sco_conn_del+0x12a/0x2a0 net/bluetooth/sco.c:191

but task is already holding lock:
ffffffff8d2dc7c8 (hci_cb_list_lock){+.+.}-{3:3}, at:
hci_disconn_cfm include/net/bluetooth/hci_core.h:1497 [inline]
ffffffff8d2dc7c8 (hci_cb_list_lock){+.+.}-{3:3}, at:
hci_conn_hash_flush+0xda/0x260 net/bluetooth/hci_conn.c:1608

which lock already depends on the new lock.

the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:

-> #2 (hci_cb_list_lock){+.+.}-{3:3}:
       __mutex_lock_common kernel/locking/mutex.c:959 [inline]
       __mutex_lock+0x12a/0x10a0 kernel/locking/mutex.c:1104
       hci_connect_cfm include/net/bluetooth/hci_core.h:1482 [inline]
       hci_remote_features_evt net/bluetooth/hci_event.c:3263 [inline]
       hci_event_packet+0x2f4d/0x7c50 net/bluetooth/hci_event.c:6240
       hci_rx_work+0x4f8/0xd30 net/bluetooth/hci_core.c:5122
       process_one_work+0x98d/0x1630 kernel/workqueue.c:2276
       worker_thread+0x658/0x11f0 kernel/workqueue.c:2422
       kthread+0x3e5/0x4d0 kernel/kthread.c:319
       ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:295

-> #1 (&hdev->lock){+.+.}-{3:3}:
       __mutex_lock_common kernel/locking/mutex.c:959 [inline]
       __mutex_lock+0x12a/0x10a0 kernel/locking/mutex.c:1104
       sco_connect net/bluetooth/sco.c:245 [inline]
       sco_sock_connect+0x227/0xa10 net/bluetooth/sco.c:601
       __sys_connect_file+0x155/0x1a0 net/socket.c:1879
       __sys_connect+0x161/0x190 net/socket.c:1896
       __do_sys_connect net/socket.c:1906 [inline]
       __se_sys_connect net/socket.c:1903 [inline]
       __x64_sys_connect+0x6f/0xb0 net/socket.c:1903
       do_syscall_x64 arch/x86/entry/common.c:50 [inline]
       do_syscall_64+0x35/0xb0 arch/x86/entry/common.c:80

-> #0 (sk_lock-AF_BLUETOOTH-BTPROTO_SCO){+.+.}-{0:0}:
       check_prev_add kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3051 [inline]
       check_prevs_add kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3174 [inline]
       validate_chain kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3789 [inline]
       __lock_acquire+0x2a07/0x54a0 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5015
       lock_acquire kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5625 [inline]
       lock_acquire+0x1ab/0x510 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5590
       lock_sock_nested+0xca/0x120 net/core/sock.c:3170
       lock_sock include/net/sock.h:1613 [inline]
       sco_conn_del+0x12a/0x2a0 net/bluetooth/sco.c:191
       sco_disconn_cfm+0x71/0xb0 net/bluetooth/sco.c:1202
       hci_disconn_cfm include/net/bluetooth/hci_core.h:1500 [inline]
       hci_conn_hash_flush+0x127/0x260 net/bluetooth/hci_conn.c:1608
       hci_dev_do_close+0x528/0x1130 net/bluetooth/hci_core.c:1778
       hci_unregister_dev+0x1c0/0x5a0 net/bluetooth/hci_core.c:4015
       vhci_release+0x70/0xe0 drivers/bluetooth/hci_vhci.c:340
       __fput+0x288/0x920 fs/file_table.c:280
       task_work_run+0xdd/0x1a0 kernel/task_work.c:164
       exit_task_work include/linux/task_work.h:32 [inline]
       do_exit+0xbd4/0x2a60 kernel/exit.c:825
       do_group_exit+0x125/0x310 kernel/exit.c:922
       get_signal+0x47f/0x2160 kernel/signal.c:2808
       arch_do_signal_or_restart+0x2a9/0x1c40 arch/x86/kernel/signal.c:865
       handle_signal_work kernel/entry/common.c:148 [inline]
       exit_to_user_mode_loop kernel/entry/common.c:172 [inline]
       exit_to_user_mode_prepare+0x17d/0x290 kernel/entry/common.c:209
       __syscall_exit_to_user_mode_work kernel/entry/common.c:291 [inline]
       syscall_exit_to_user_mode+0x19/0x60 kernel/entry/common.c:302
       ret_from_fork+0x15/0x30 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:288

other info that might help us debug this:

Chain exists of:
  sk_lock-AF_BLUETOOTH-BTPROTO_SCO --> &hdev->lock --> hci_cb_list_lock

 Possible unsafe locking scenario:

       CPU0                    CPU1
       ----                    ----

 *** DEADLOCK ***

The issue is that the lock hierarchy should go from &hdev->lock -->
hci_cb_list_lock --> sk_lock-AF_BLUETOOTH-BTPROTO_SCO. For example,
one such call trace is:


However, in sco_sock_connect, we call lock_sock before calling
hci_dev_lock inside sco_connect, thus inverting the lock hierarchy.

We fix this by pulling the call to hci_dev_lock out from sco_connect.

Signed-off-by: Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi <>
 net/bluetooth/sco.c | 39 ++++++++++++++++-----------------------
 1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)

diff --git a/net/bluetooth/sco.c b/net/bluetooth/sco.c
index 62e638f971a9..94a3aa686556 100644
--- a/net/bluetooth/sco.c
+++ b/net/bluetooth/sco.c
@@ -237,44 +237,32 @@ static int sco_chan_add(struct sco_conn *conn, struct sock *sk,
 	return err;
-static int sco_connect(struct sock *sk)
+static int sco_connect(struct hci_dev *hdev, struct sock *sk)
 	struct sco_conn *conn;
 	struct hci_conn *hcon;
-	struct hci_dev  *hdev;
 	int err, type;
 	BT_DBG("%pMR -> %pMR", &sco_pi(sk)->src, &sco_pi(sk)->dst);
-	hdev = hci_get_route(&sco_pi(sk)->dst, &sco_pi(sk)->src, BDADDR_BREDR);
-	if (!hdev)
-		return -EHOSTUNREACH;
-	hci_dev_lock(hdev);
 	if (lmp_esco_capable(hdev) && !disable_esco)
 		type = ESCO_LINK;
 		type = SCO_LINK;
 	if (sco_pi(sk)->setting == BT_VOICE_TRANSPARENT &&
-	    (!lmp_transp_capable(hdev) || !lmp_esco_capable(hdev))) {
-		err = -EOPNOTSUPP;
-		goto done;
-	}
+	    (!lmp_transp_capable(hdev) || !lmp_esco_capable(hdev)))
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
 	hcon = hci_connect_sco(hdev, type, &sco_pi(sk)->dst,
-	if (IS_ERR(hcon)) {
-		err = PTR_ERR(hcon);
-		goto done;
-	}
+	if (IS_ERR(hcon))
+		return PTR_ERR(hcon);
 	conn = sco_conn_add(hcon);
 	if (!conn) {
-		err = -ENOMEM;
-		goto done;
+		return -ENOMEM;
 	/* Update source addr of the socket */
@@ -282,7 +270,7 @@ static int sco_connect(struct sock *sk)
 	err = sco_chan_add(conn, sk, NULL);
 	if (err)
-		goto done;
+		return err;
 	if (hcon->state == BT_CONNECTED) {
@@ -292,9 +280,6 @@ static int sco_connect(struct sock *sk)
 		sco_sock_set_timer(sk, sk->sk_sndtimeo);
-	hci_dev_unlock(hdev);
-	hci_dev_put(hdev);
 	return err;
@@ -589,6 +574,7 @@ static int sco_sock_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *addr, int alen
 	struct sockaddr_sco *sa = (struct sockaddr_sco *) addr;
 	struct sock *sk = sock->sk;
+	struct hci_dev  *hdev;
 	int err;
 	BT_DBG("sk %p", sk);
@@ -603,12 +589,19 @@ static int sco_sock_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *addr, int alen
 	if (sk->sk_type != SOCK_SEQPACKET)
 		return -EINVAL;
+	hdev = hci_get_route(&sa->sco_bdaddr, &sco_pi(sk)->src, BDADDR_BREDR);
+	if (!hdev)
+		return -EHOSTUNREACH;
+	hci_dev_lock(hdev);
 	/* Set destination address and psm */
 	bacpy(&sco_pi(sk)->dst, &sa->sco_bdaddr);
-	err = sco_connect(sk);
+	err = sco_connect(hdev, sk);
+	hci_dev_unlock(hdev);
+	hci_dev_put(hdev);
 	if (err)
 		goto done;

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