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Date:   Tue, 05 Oct 2021 14:12:08 -0000
From:   "tip-bot2 for Yafang Shao" <>
Cc:     Yafang Shao <>,
        "Peter Zijlstra (Intel)" <>,,
Subject: [tip: sched/core] sched: Introduce task block time in schedstats

The following commit has been merged into the sched/core branch of tip:

Commit-ID:     847fc0cd0664fcb2a08ac66df6b85935361ec454
Author:        Yafang Shao <>
AuthorDate:    Sun, 05 Sep 2021 14:35:43 
Committer:     Peter Zijlstra <>
CommitterDate: Tue, 05 Oct 2021 15:51:48 +02:00

sched: Introduce task block time in schedstats

Currently in schedstats we have sum_sleep_runtime and iowait_sum, but
there's no metric to show how long the task is in D state.  Once a task in
D state, it means the task is blocked in the kernel, for example the
task may be waiting for a mutex. The D state is more frequent than
iowait, and it is more critital than S state. So it is worth to add a
metric to measure it.

Signed-off-by: Yafang Shao <>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <>
 include/linux/sched.h | 2 ++
 kernel/sched/debug.c  | 6 ++++--
 kernel/sched/stats.c  | 1 +
 3 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 2bc4c72..193e16e 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -503,6 +503,8 @@ struct sched_statistics {
 	u64				block_start;
 	u64				block_max;
+	s64				sum_block_runtime;
 	u64				exec_max;
 	u64				slice_max;
diff --git a/kernel/sched/debug.c b/kernel/sched/debug.c
index 76fd38e..26fac5e 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/debug.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/debug.c
@@ -540,10 +540,11 @@ print_task(struct seq_file *m, struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
 		(long long)(p->nvcsw + p->nivcsw),
-	SEQ_printf(m, "%9Ld.%06ld %9Ld.%06ld %9Ld.%06ld",
+	SEQ_printf(m, "%9lld.%06ld %9lld.%06ld %9lld.%06ld %9lld.%06ld",
-		SPLIT_NS(schedstat_val_or_zero(p->stats.sum_sleep_runtime)));
+		SPLIT_NS(schedstat_val_or_zero(p->stats.sum_sleep_runtime)),
+		SPLIT_NS(schedstat_val_or_zero(p->stats.sum_block_runtime)));
 	SEQ_printf(m, " %d %d", task_node(p), task_numa_group_id(p));
@@ -977,6 +978,7 @@ void proc_sched_show_task(struct task_struct *p, struct pid_namespace *ns,
 		u64 avg_atom, avg_per_cpu;
+		PN_SCHEDSTAT(sum_block_runtime);
diff --git a/kernel/sched/stats.c b/kernel/sched/stats.c
index fad781c..07dde29 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/stats.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/stats.c
@@ -82,6 +82,7 @@ void __update_stats_enqueue_sleeper(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p,
 		__schedstat_set(stats->block_start, 0);
 		__schedstat_add(stats->sum_sleep_runtime, delta);
+		__schedstat_add(stats->sum_block_runtime, delta);
 		if (p) {
 			if (p->in_iowait) {

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