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Date:   Tue, 05 Oct 2021 14:12:16 -0000
From:   "tip-bot2 for Valentin Schneider" <>
Cc:     Valentin Schneider <>,
        "Peter Zijlstra (Intel)" <>,
        Vincent Guittot <>,,
Subject: [tip: sched/core] sched/fair: Trigger nohz.next_balance updates when
 a CPU goes NOHZ-idle

The following commit has been merged into the sched/core branch of tip:

Commit-ID:     7fd7a9e0caba10829b4f8db1aa7711b558681fd4
Author:        Valentin Schneider <>
AuthorDate:    Mon, 23 Aug 2021 12:17:00 +01:00
Committer:     Peter Zijlstra <>
CommitterDate: Tue, 05 Oct 2021 15:51:31 +02:00

sched/fair: Trigger nohz.next_balance updates when a CPU goes NOHZ-idle

Consider a system with some NOHZ-idle CPUs, such that

  nohz.idle_cpus_mask = S
  nohz.next_balance = T

When a new CPU k goes NOHZ idle (nohz_balance_enter_idle()), we end up

  nohz.idle_cpus_mask = S \U {k}
  nohz.next_balance = T

Note that the nohz.next_balance hasn't changed - it won't be updated until
a NOHZ balance is triggered. This is problematic if the newly NOHZ idle CPU
has an earlier rq.next_balance than the other NOHZ idle CPUs, IOW if:

  cpu_rq(k).next_balance < nohz.next_balance

In such scenarios, the existing nohz.next_balance will prevent any NOHZ
balance from happening, which itself will prevent nohz.next_balance from
being updated to this new cpu_rq(k).next_balance. Unnecessary load balance
delays of over 12ms caused by this were observed on an arm64 RB5 board.

Use the new nohz.needs_update flag to mark the presence of newly-idle CPUs
that need their rq->next_balance to be collated into
nohz.next_balance. Trigger a NOHZ_NEXT_KICK when the flag is set.

Signed-off-by: Valentin Schneider <>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <>
Reviewed-by: Vincent Guittot <>
 kernel/sched/fair.c | 15 +++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 13 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index f4de7f5..6cc958e 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -5787,6 +5787,7 @@ static struct {
 	cpumask_var_t idle_cpus_mask;
 	atomic_t nr_cpus;
 	int has_blocked;		/* Idle CPUS has blocked load */
+	int needs_update;		/* Newly idle CPUs need their next_balance collated */
 	unsigned long next_balance;     /* in jiffy units */
 	unsigned long next_blocked;	/* Next update of blocked load in jiffies */
 } nohz ____cacheline_aligned;
@@ -10450,6 +10451,9 @@ static void nohz_balancer_kick(struct rq *rq)
+	if (READ_ONCE(nohz.needs_update))
+		flags |= NOHZ_NEXT_KICK;
 	if (flags)
@@ -10546,12 +10550,13 @@ void nohz_balance_enter_idle(int cpu)
 	 * Ensures that if nohz_idle_balance() fails to observe our
 	 * @idle_cpus_mask store, it must observe the @has_blocked
-	 * store.
+	 * and @needs_update stores.
+	WRITE_ONCE(nohz.needs_update, 1);
 	 * Each time a cpu enter idle, we assume that it has blocked load and
@@ -10600,13 +10605,17 @@ static void _nohz_idle_balance(struct rq *this_rq, unsigned int flags,
 	 * We assume there will be no idle load after this update and clear
 	 * the has_blocked flag. If a cpu enters idle in the mean time, it will
-	 * set the has_blocked flag and trig another update of idle load.
+	 * set the has_blocked flag and trigger another update of idle load.
 	 * Because a cpu that becomes idle, is added to idle_cpus_mask before
 	 * setting the flag, we are sure to not clear the state and not
 	 * check the load of an idle cpu.
+	 *
+	 * Same applies to idle_cpus_mask vs needs_update.
 	if (flags & NOHZ_STATS_KICK)
 		WRITE_ONCE(nohz.has_blocked, 0);
+	if (flags & NOHZ_NEXT_KICK)
+		WRITE_ONCE(nohz.needs_update, 0);
 	 * Ensures that if we miss the CPU, we must see the has_blocked
@@ -10630,6 +10639,8 @@ static void _nohz_idle_balance(struct rq *this_rq, unsigned int flags,
 		if (need_resched()) {
 			if (flags & NOHZ_STATS_KICK)
 				has_blocked_load = true;
+			if (flags & NOHZ_NEXT_KICK)
+				WRITE_ONCE(nohz.needs_update, 1);
 			goto abort;

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