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Date:   Tue,  5 Oct 2021 13:41:29 -0700
From:   Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan 
        <sathyanarayanan.kuppuswamy@...ux.intel.com>
To:     Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
        x86@...nel.org, Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@...hat.com>,
        David Hildenbrand <david@...hat.com>,
        Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@...hat.com>,
        Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@...hat.com>,
        "H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>
Cc:     Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...el.com>,
        Tony Luck <tony.luck@...el.com>,
        Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@...el.com>,
        Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>,
        Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@...ux.intel.com>,
        Sean Christopherson <seanjc@...gle.com>,
        Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan <knsathya@...nel.org>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v7 03/10] x86/tdx: Handle port I/O in decompression code

Add support to replace IN/OUT instructions in decompression code with
TDX IO hypercalls.

TDX cannot do port IO directly. The TDX module triggers a #VE exception
to let the guest kernel to emulate port I/O, by converting them into
TDX hypercalls to call the host.

But for the really early code in the decompressor, #VE cannot be used
because the IDT needed for handling the exception is not set-up, and
some other infrastructure needed by the handler is missing. So to
support port IO in decompressor code, directly replace IN/OUT
instructions with TDX IO hypercalls. This can be easily achieved by
modifying __in/__out macros.

Also, since TDX IO hypercall requires an IO size parameter, modify
__in/__out macros to accept size as input parameter.

Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@...el.com>
Signed-off-by: Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan <sathyanarayanan.kuppuswamy@...ux.intel.com>
---

Changes since v6:
 * None

Changes since v5:
 * None

Changes since v4:
 * Replaced in/out with IN/OUT.
 * Fixed typo in commit log and comments.
 * Renamed tdg_* prefix with tdx_*

Changes since v3:
 * None

Changes since v2:
 * None

Changes since v1:
 * Modified tdg_{in/out} to adapt to API changes of __tdx_hypercall().
 * Removed !CONFIG_INTEL_TDX_GUEST comment in #if else case.

 arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile |  1 +
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/tdcall.S |  3 ++
 arch/x86/include/asm/io.h         |  9 ++---
 arch/x86/include/asm/tdx.h        | 60 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 69 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/boot/compressed/tdcall.S

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
index 22a2a6cc2ab4..1bfe30ebadbe 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
@@ -99,6 +99,7 @@ endif
 
 vmlinux-objs-$(CONFIG_ACPI) += $(obj)/acpi.o
 vmlinux-objs-$(CONFIG_INTEL_TDX_GUEST) += $(obj)/tdx.o
+vmlinux-objs-$(CONFIG_INTEL_TDX_GUEST) += $(obj)/tdcall.o
 
 vmlinux-objs-$(CONFIG_EFI_MIXED) += $(obj)/efi_thunk_$(BITS).o
 efi-obj-$(CONFIG_EFI_STUB) = $(objtree)/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/lib.a
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/tdcall.S b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/tdcall.S
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..aafadc136c88
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/tdcall.S
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+
+#include "../../kernel/tdcall.S"
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/io.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/io.h
index 3647a96238a9..fa6aa43e5dc3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/io.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/io.h
@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@
 #include <linux/string.h>
 #include <linux/compiler.h>
 #include <asm/page.h>
+#include <asm/tdx.h>
 #include <asm/early_ioremap.h>
 #include <asm/pgtable_types.h>
 
@@ -272,25 +273,25 @@ static inline bool sev_key_active(void) { return false; }
 #endif /* CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT */
 
 #ifndef __out
-#define __out(bwl, bw)							\
+#define __out(bwl, bw, sz)						\
 	asm volatile("out" #bwl " %" #bw "0, %w1" : : "a"(value), "Nd"(port))
 #endif
 
 #ifndef __in
-#define __in(bwl, bw)							\
+#define __in(bwl, bw, sz)						\
 	asm volatile("in" #bwl " %w1, %" #bw "0" : "=a"(value) : "Nd"(port))
 #endif
 
 #define BUILDIO(bwl, bw, type)						\
 static inline void out##bwl(unsigned type value, int port)		\
 {									\
-	__out(bwl, bw);							\
+	__out(bwl, bw, sizeof(type));					\
 }									\
 									\
 static inline unsigned type in##bwl(int port)				\
 {									\
 	unsigned type value;						\
-	__in(bwl, bw);							\
+	__in(bwl, bw, sizeof(type));					\
 	return value;							\
 }									\
 									\
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/tdx.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/tdx.h
index ebb97e082376..02f6036ef85f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/tdx.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/tdx.h
@@ -5,6 +5,8 @@
 
 #include <linux/cpufeature.h>
 #include <linux/types.h>
+#include <vdso/limits.h>
+#include <asm/vmx.h>
 
 #define TDX_CPUID_LEAF_ID			0x21
 #define TDX_HYPERCALL_STANDARD			0
@@ -72,6 +74,64 @@ unsigned long tdx_get_ve_info(struct ve_info *ve);
 int tdx_handle_virtualization_exception(struct pt_regs *regs,
 					struct ve_info *ve);
 
+/*
+ * To support I/O port access in decompressor or early kernel init
+ * code, since #VE exception handler cannot be used, use paravirt
+ * model to implement __in/__out macros which will in turn be used
+ * by in{b,w,l}()/out{b,w,l} I/O helper macros used in kernel. Details
+ * about __in/__out macro usage can be found in arch/x86/include/asm/io.h
+ */
+#ifdef BOOT_COMPRESSED_MISC_H
+
+bool early_is_tdx_guest(void);
+
+/*
+ * Helper function used for making hypercall for "in"
+ * instruction. It will be called from __in IO macro
+ * If IO is failed, it will return all 1s.
+ */
+static inline unsigned int tdx_io_in(int size, int port)
+{
+	struct tdx_hypercall_output out = {0};
+
+	__tdx_hypercall(TDX_HYPERCALL_STANDARD, EXIT_REASON_IO_INSTRUCTION,
+			size, 0, port, 0, &out);
+
+	return out.r10 ? UINT_MAX : out.r11;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Helper function used for making hypercall for "out"
+ * instruction. It will be called from __out IO macro
+ */
+static inline void tdx_io_out(int size, int port, u64 value)
+{
+	struct tdx_hypercall_output out = {0};
+
+	__tdx_hypercall(TDX_HYPERCALL_STANDARD, EXIT_REASON_IO_INSTRUCTION,
+			size, 1, port, value, &out);
+}
+
+#define __out(bwl, bw, sz)						\
+do {									\
+	if (early_is_tdx_guest()) {					\
+		tdx_io_out(sz, port, value);				\
+	} else {							\
+		asm volatile("out" #bwl " %" #bw "0, %w1" : :		\
+				"a"(value), "Nd"(port));		\
+	}								\
+} while (0)
+#define __in(bwl, bw, sz)						\
+do {									\
+	if (early_is_tdx_guest()) {					\
+		value = tdx_io_in(sz, port);				\
+	} else {							\
+		asm volatile("in" #bwl " %w1, %" #bw "0" :		\
+				"=a"(value) : "Nd"(port));		\
+	}								\
+} while (0)
+#endif
+
 #else
 
 #define is_tdx_guest		0ULL
-- 
2.25.1

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