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Date:   Tue,  5 Oct 2021 16:05:46 -0700
From:   Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan 
        <sathyanarayanan.kuppuswamy@...ux.intel.com>
To:     Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
        x86@...nel.org, Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@...hat.com>,
        David Hildenbrand <david@...hat.com>,
        Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@...hat.com>,
        Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@...hat.com>,
        "H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>
Cc:     Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...el.com>,
        Tony Luck <tony.luck@...el.com>,
        Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@...el.com>,
        Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>,
        Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@...ux.intel.com>,
        Sean Christopherson <seanjc@...gle.com>,
        Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan <knsathya@...nel.org>,
        Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan 
        <sathyanarayanan.kuppuswamy@...ux.intel.com>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v7 2/6] x86/boot: Avoid #VE during boot for TDX platforms

From: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@...gle.com>

There are a few MSRs and control register bits which the kernel
normally needs to modify during boot. But, TDX disallows
modification of these registers to help provide consistent security
guarantees. Fortunately, TDX ensures that these are all in the correct
state before the kernel loads, which means the kernel has no need to
modify them.

The conditions to avoid are:

  * Any writes to the EFER MSR
  * Clearing CR0.NE
  * Clearing CR3.MCE

This theoretically makes guest boot more fragile. If, for instance,
EFER was set up incorrectly and a WRMSR was performed, it will trigger
early exception panic or a triple fault, if it's before early
exceptions are set up. However, this is likely to trip up the guest
BIOS long before control reaches the kernel. In any case, these kinds
of problems are unlikely to occur in production environments, and
developers have good debug tools to fix them quickly. 

Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@...gle.com>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@...el.com>
Signed-off-by: Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan <sathyanarayanan.kuppuswamy@...ux.intel.com>
---

Changes since v6:
 * None

 arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S   | 16 ++++++++++++----
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable.h   |  2 +-
 arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S            | 20 ++++++++++++++++++--
 arch/x86/realmode/rm/trampoline_64.S | 23 +++++++++++++++++++----
 4 files changed, 50 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S
index 572c535cf45b..e71001b380fe 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S
@@ -643,12 +643,20 @@ SYM_CODE_START(trampoline_32bit_src)
 	movl	$MSR_EFER, %ecx
 	rdmsr
 	btsl	$_EFER_LME, %eax
+	/* Avoid writing EFER if no change was made (for TDX guest) */
+	jc	1f
 	wrmsr
-	popl	%edx
+1:	popl	%edx
 	popl	%ecx
 
 	/* Enable PAE and LA57 (if required) paging modes */
-	movl	$X86_CR4_PAE, %eax
+	movl	%cr4, %eax
+	/*
+	 * Clear all bits except CR4.MCE, which is preserved.
+	 * Clearing CR4.MCE will #VE in TDX guests.
+	 */
+	andl	$X86_CR4_MCE, %eax
+	orl	$X86_CR4_PAE, %eax
 	testl	%edx, %edx
 	jz	1f
 	orl	$X86_CR4_LA57, %eax
@@ -662,8 +670,8 @@ SYM_CODE_START(trampoline_32bit_src)
 	pushl	$__KERNEL_CS
 	pushl	%eax
 
-	/* Enable paging again */
-	movl	$(X86_CR0_PG | X86_CR0_PE), %eax
+	/* Enable paging again. Avoid clearing X86_CR0_NE for TDX */
+	movl	$(X86_CR0_PG | X86_CR0_NE | X86_CR0_PE), %eax
 	movl	%eax, %cr0
 
 	lret
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable.h b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable.h
index 6ff7e81b5628..cc9b2529a086 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable.h
@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@
 #define TRAMPOLINE_32BIT_PGTABLE_OFFSET	0
 
 #define TRAMPOLINE_32BIT_CODE_OFFSET	PAGE_SIZE
-#define TRAMPOLINE_32BIT_CODE_SIZE	0x70
+#define TRAMPOLINE_32BIT_CODE_SIZE	0x80
 
 #define TRAMPOLINE_32BIT_STACK_END	TRAMPOLINE_32BIT_SIZE
 
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S b/arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S
index d8b3ebd2bb85..96beac9eff42 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S
@@ -141,7 +141,13 @@ SYM_INNER_LABEL(secondary_startup_64_no_verify, SYM_L_GLOBAL)
 1:
 
 	/* Enable PAE mode, PGE and LA57 */
-	movl	$(X86_CR4_PAE | X86_CR4_PGE), %ecx
+	movq	%cr4, %rcx
+	/*
+	 * Clear all bits except CR4.MCE, which is preserved.
+	 * Clearing CR4.MCE will #VE in TDX guests.
+	 */
+	andl	$X86_CR4_MCE, %ecx
+	orl	$(X86_CR4_PAE | X86_CR4_PGE), %ecx
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL
 	testl	$1, __pgtable_l5_enabled(%rip)
 	jz	1f
@@ -229,13 +235,23 @@ SYM_INNER_LABEL(secondary_startup_64_no_verify, SYM_L_GLOBAL)
 	/* Setup EFER (Extended Feature Enable Register) */
 	movl	$MSR_EFER, %ecx
 	rdmsr
+	/*
+	 * Preserve current value of EFER for comparison and to skip
+	 * EFER writes if no change was made (for TDX guest)
+	 */
+	movl    %eax, %edx
 	btsl	$_EFER_SCE, %eax	/* Enable System Call */
 	btl	$20,%edi		/* No Execute supported? */
 	jnc     1f
 	btsl	$_EFER_NX, %eax
 	btsq	$_PAGE_BIT_NX,early_pmd_flags(%rip)
-1:	wrmsr				/* Make changes effective */
 
+	/* Avoid writing EFER if no change was made (for TDX guest) */
+1:	cmpl	%edx, %eax
+	je	1f
+	xor	%edx, %edx
+	wrmsr				/* Make changes effective */
+1:
 	/* Setup cr0 */
 	movl	$CR0_STATE, %eax
 	/* Make changes effective */
diff --git a/arch/x86/realmode/rm/trampoline_64.S b/arch/x86/realmode/rm/trampoline_64.S
index ae112a91592f..0fdd74054044 100644
--- a/arch/x86/realmode/rm/trampoline_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/realmode/rm/trampoline_64.S
@@ -143,13 +143,27 @@ SYM_CODE_START(startup_32)
 	movl	%eax, %cr3
 
 	# Set up EFER
+	movl	$MSR_EFER, %ecx
+	rdmsr
+	/*
+	 * Skip writing to EFER if the register already has desired
+	 * value (to avoid #VE for the TDX guest).
+	 */
+	cmp	pa_tr_efer, %eax
+	jne	.Lwrite_efer
+	cmp	pa_tr_efer + 4, %edx
+	je	.Ldone_efer
+.Lwrite_efer:
 	movl	pa_tr_efer, %eax
 	movl	pa_tr_efer + 4, %edx
-	movl	$MSR_EFER, %ecx
 	wrmsr
 
-	# Enable paging and in turn activate Long Mode
-	movl	$(X86_CR0_PG | X86_CR0_WP | X86_CR0_PE), %eax
+.Ldone_efer:
+	/*
+	 * Enable paging and in turn activate Long Mode. Avoid clearing
+	 * X86_CR0_NE for TDX.
+	 */
+	movl	$(X86_CR0_PG | X86_CR0_WP | X86_CR0_NE | X86_CR0_PE), %eax
 	movl	%eax, %cr0
 
 	/*
@@ -169,7 +183,8 @@ SYM_CODE_START(pa_trampoline_compat)
 	movl	$rm_stack_end, %esp
 	movw	$__KERNEL_DS, %dx
 
-	movl	$X86_CR0_PE, %eax
+	/* Avoid clearing X86_CR0_NE for TDX */
+	movl	$(X86_CR0_NE | X86_CR0_PE), %eax
 	movl	%eax, %cr0
 	ljmpl   $__KERNEL32_CS, $pa_startup_32
 SYM_CODE_END(pa_trampoline_compat)
-- 
2.25.1

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