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Date:   Tue, 5 Oct 2021 10:40:58 +0300
From:   Leon Romanovsky <leon@...nel.org>
To:     Ido Schimmel <idosch@...sch.org>
Cc:     "David S . Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        Jakub Kicinski <kuba@...nel.org>,
        Ido Schimmel <idosch@...dia.com>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, Jiri Pirko <jiri@...dia.com>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-rdma@...r.kernel.org,
        mlxsw@...dia.com, Moshe Shemesh <moshe@...dia.com>,
        netdev@...r.kernel.org, Saeed Mahameed <saeedm@...dia.com>,
        Salil Mehta <salil.mehta@...wei.com>,
        Shay Drory <shayd@...dia.com>,
        Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>,
        Tariq Toukan <tariqt@...dia.com>,
        Yisen Zhuang <yisen.zhuang@...wei.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH net-next v2 5/5] devlink: Delete reload enable/disable
 interface

On Tue, Oct 05, 2021 at 09:10:15AM +0300, Ido Schimmel wrote:
> On Mon, Oct 04, 2021 at 10:02:06PM +0300, Leon Romanovsky wrote:
> > On Mon, Oct 04, 2021 at 07:54:02PM +0300, Ido Schimmel wrote:
> > > On Mon, Oct 04, 2021 at 06:45:07PM +0300, Leon Romanovsky wrote:
> > > > On Mon, Oct 04, 2021 at 05:19:40PM +0300, Ido Schimmel wrote:
> > > > > On Sun, Oct 03, 2021 at 09:12:06PM +0300, Leon Romanovsky wrote:
> > > > > > From: Leon Romanovsky <leonro@...dia.com>
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > After changes to allow dynamically set the reload_up/_down callbacks,
> > > > > > we ensure that properly supported devlink ops are not accessible before
> > > > > > devlink_register, which is last command in the initialization sequence.
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > It makes devlink_reload_enable/_disable not relevant anymore and can be
> > > > > > safely deleted.
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > Signed-off-by: Leon Romanovsky <leonro@...dia.com>
> > > > > 
> > > > > [...]
> > > > > 
> > > > > > diff --git a/drivers/net/netdevsim/dev.c b/drivers/net/netdevsim/dev.c
> > > > > > index cb6645012a30..09e48fb232a9 100644
> > > > > > --- a/drivers/net/netdevsim/dev.c
> > > > > > +++ b/drivers/net/netdevsim/dev.c
> > > > > > @@ -1512,7 +1512,6 @@ int nsim_dev_probe(struct nsim_bus_dev *nsim_bus_dev)
> > > > > >  
> > > > > >  	nsim_dev->esw_mode = DEVLINK_ESWITCH_MODE_LEGACY;
> > > > > >  	devlink_register(devlink);
> > > > > > -	devlink_reload_enable(devlink);
> > > > > >  	return 0;
> > > > > >  
> > > > > >  err_psample_exit:
> > > > > > @@ -1566,9 +1565,7 @@ void nsim_dev_remove(struct nsim_bus_dev *nsim_bus_dev)
> > > > > >  	struct nsim_dev *nsim_dev = dev_get_drvdata(&nsim_bus_dev->dev);
> > > > > >  	struct devlink *devlink = priv_to_devlink(nsim_dev);
> > > > > >  
> > > > > > -	devlink_reload_disable(devlink);
> > > > > >  	devlink_unregister(devlink);
> > > > > > -
> > > > > >  	nsim_dev_reload_destroy(nsim_dev);
> > > > > >  
> > > > > >  	nsim_bpf_dev_exit(nsim_dev);
> > > > > 
> > > > > I didn't remember why devlink_reload_{enable,disable}() were added in
> > > > > the first place so it was not clear to me from the commit message why
> > > > > they can be removed. It is described in commit a0c76345e3d3 ("devlink:
> > > > > disallow reload operation during device cleanup") with a reproducer.
> > > > 
> > > > It was added because devlink ops were accessible by the user space very
> > > > early in the driver lifetime. All my latest devlink patches are the
> > > > attempt to fix this arch/design/implementation issue.
> > > 
> > > The reproducer in the commit message executed the reload after the
> > > device was fully initialized. IIRC, the problem there was that nothing
> > > prevented these two tasks from racing:
> > > 
> > > devlink dev reload netdevsim/netdevsim10
> > > echo 10 > /sys/bus/netdevsim/del_device
> > > 
> > > The title also talks about forbidding reload during device cleanup.
> > 
> > It is incomplete title and reproducer.
> 
> How can the reproducer be incomplete when it reproduced the issue 100%
> of the time?

Incomplete in the sense that other reproducers exists.
Our internally famous one is module load/reload together with devlink
reload. More complex includes PCI errors, health recover e.t.c.

> 
> > In our verification, we observed more than 40 bugs related to devlink
> > reload flows and races around it.
> 
> I assume these bugs are related to mlx5. syzkaller is familiar with the
> devlink messages [1] and we are using it to fuzz over both mlxsw and
> netdevsim. syzbot is also fuzzing over netdevsim and I'm not aware of
> any open bugs.
> 
> [1] https://github.com/google/syzkaller/blob/master/sys/linux/socket_netlink_generic_devlink.txt

We don't know what we don't know.

> 
> > 
> > > 
> > > > 
> > > > > 
> > > > > Tried the reproducer with this series and I cannot reproduce the issue.
> > > > > Wasn't quite sure why, but it does not seem to be related to "changes to
> > > > > allow dynamically set the reload_up/_down callbacks", as this seems to
> > > > > be specific to mlx5.
> > > > 
> > > > You didn't reproduce because of my series that moved
> > > > devlink_register()/devlink_unregister() to be last/first commands in
> > > > .probe()/.remove() flows.
> > > 
> > > Agree, that is what I wrote in the next paragraph of my reply.
> > > 
> > > > 
> > > > Patch to allow dynamically set ops was needed because mlx5 had logic
> > > > like this:
> > > >  if(something)
> > > >     devlink_reload_enable()
> > > > 
> > > > And I needed a way to keep this if ... condition.
> > > > 
> > > > > 
> > > > > IIUC, the reason that the race described in above mentioned commit can
> > > > > no longer happen is related to the fact that devlink_unregister() is
> > > > > called first in the device dismantle path, after your previous patches.
> > > > > Since both the reload operation and devlink_unregister() hold
> > > > > 'devlink_mutex', it is not possible for the reload operation to race
> > > > > with device dismantle.
> > > > > 
> > > > > Agree? If so, I think it would be good to explain this in the commit
> > > > > message unless it's clear to everyone else.
> > > > 
> > > > I don't agree for very simple reason that devlink_mutex is going to be
> > > > removed very soon and it is really not a reason why devlink reload is
> > > > safer now when before.
> > > > 
> > > > The reload can't race due to:
> > > > 1. devlink_unregister(), which works as a barrier to stop accesses
> > > > from the user space.
> > > > 2. reference counting that ensures that all in-flight commands are counted.
> > > > 3. wait_for_completion that blocks till all commands are done.
> > > 
> > > So the wait_for_completion() is what prevents the race, not
> > > 'devlink_mutex' that is taken later. This needs to be explained in the
> > > commit message to make it clear why the removal is safe.
> > 
> > Can you please suggest what exactly should I write in the commit message
> > to make it clear?
> > 
> > I'm too much into this delvink stuff already and for me this patch is
> > trivial. IMHO, that change doesn't need an explanation at all because
> > coding pattern of refcount + wait_for_completion is pretty common in the
> > kernel. So I think that I explained good enough: move of
> > devlink_register/devlink_unregister obsoletes the devlink_reload_* APIs.
> > 
> > I have no problem to update the commit message, just help me with the
> > message.
> 
> I suggest something like:
> 
> "
> Commit a0c76345e3d3 ("devlink: disallow reload operation during device
> cleanup") added devlink_reload_{enable,disable}() APIs to prevent reload
> operation from racing with device probe / dismantle.
> 
> After recent changes to move devlink_register() to the end of device
> probe and devlink_unregister() to the beginning of device dismantle,
> these races can no longer happen. Reload operations will be denied if
> the devlink instance is unregistered and devlink_unregister() will block
> until all in-flight operations are done.
> 
> Therefore, remove these devlink_reload_{enable,disable}() APIs. Tested
> with the reproducer mentioned in cited commit.
> "

Sure, thanks.
Can I added your TOB to the patch?

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