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Date:   Fri,  8 Oct 2021 19:12:21 -0700
From:   Sean Christopherson <seanjc@...gle.com>
To:     Marc Zyngier <maz@...nel.org>, Huacai Chen <chenhuacai@...nel.org>,
        Aleksandar Markovic <aleksandar.qemu.devel@...il.com>,
        Paul Mackerras <paulus@...abs.org>,
        Anup Patel <anup.patel@....com>,
        Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@...ive.com>,
        Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@...belt.com>,
        Albert Ou <aou@...s.berkeley.edu>,
        Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@...ibm.com>,
        Janosch Frank <frankja@...ux.ibm.com>,
        Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@...hat.com>
Cc:     James Morse <james.morse@....com>,
        Alexandru Elisei <alexandru.elisei@....com>,
        Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@....com>,
        Atish Patra <atish.patra@....com>,
        David Hildenbrand <david@...hat.com>,
        Cornelia Huck <cohuck@...hat.com>,
        Claudio Imbrenda <imbrenda@...ux.ibm.com>,
        Sean Christopherson <seanjc@...gle.com>,
        Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@...hat.com>,
        Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@...cent.com>,
        Jim Mattson <jmattson@...gle.com>,
        Joerg Roedel <joro@...tes.org>,
        linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org, kvmarm@...ts.cs.columbia.edu,
        linux-mips@...r.kernel.org, kvm@...r.kernel.org,
        kvm-ppc@...r.kernel.org, kvm-riscv@...ts.infradead.org,
        linux-riscv@...ts.infradead.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        David Matlack <dmatlack@...gle.com>,
        Oliver Upton <oupton@...gle.com>,
        Jing Zhang <jingzhangos@...gle.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2 28/43] KVM: VMX: Remove vCPU from PI wakeup list before
 updating PID.NV

Remove the vCPU from the wakeup list before updating the notification
vector in the posted interrupt post-block helper.  There is no need to
wake the current vCPU as it is by definition not blocking.  Practically
speaking this is a nop as it only shaves a few meager cycles in the
unlikely case that the vCPU was migrated and the previous pCPU gets a
wakeup IRQ right before PID.NV is updated.  The real motivation is to
allow for more readable code in the future, when post-block is merged
with vmx_vcpu_pi_load(), at which point removal from the list will be
conditional on the old notification vector.

Opportunistically add comments to document why KVM has a per-CPU spinlock
that, at first glance, appears to be taken only on the owning CPU.
Explicitly call out that the spinlock must be taken with IRQs disabled, a
detail that was "lost" when KVM switched from spin_lock_irqsave() to
spin_lock(), with IRQs disabled for the entirety of the relevant path.

Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@...gle.com>
---
 arch/x86/kvm/vmx/posted_intr.c | 49 +++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 1 file changed, 33 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/posted_intr.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/posted_intr.c
index 2b2206339174..901b7a5f7777 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/posted_intr.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/posted_intr.c
@@ -10,10 +10,22 @@
 #include "vmx.h"
 
 /*
- * We maintain a per-CPU linked-list of vCPU, so in wakeup_handler() we
- * can find which vCPU should be waken up.
+ * Maintain a per-CPU list of vCPUs that need to be awakened by wakeup_handler()
+ * when a WAKEUP_VECTOR interrupted is posted.  vCPUs are added to the list when
+ * the vCPU is scheduled out and is blocking (e.g. in HLT) with IRQs enabled.
+ * The vCPUs posted interrupt descriptor is updated at the same time to set its
+ * notification vector to WAKEUP_VECTOR, so that posted interrupt from devices
+ * wake the target vCPUs.  vCPUs are removed from the list and the notification
+ * vector is reset when the vCPU is scheduled in.
  */
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct list_head, blocked_vcpu_on_cpu);
+/*
+ * Protect the per-CPU list with a per-CPU spinlock to handle task migration.
+ * When a blocking vCPU is awakened _and_ migrated to a different pCPU, the
+ * ->sched_in() path will need to take the vCPU off the list of the _previous_
+ * CPU.  IRQs must be disabled when taking this lock, otherwise deadlock will
+ * occur if a wakeup IRQ arrives and attempts to acquire the lock.
+ */
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(spinlock_t, blocked_vcpu_on_cpu_lock);
 
 static inline struct pi_desc *vcpu_to_pi_desc(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
@@ -101,23 +113,28 @@ static void __pi_post_block(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 	WARN(pi_desc->nv != POSTED_INTR_WAKEUP_VECTOR,
 	     "Wakeup handler not enabled while the vCPU was blocking");
 
-	dest = cpu_physical_id(vcpu->cpu);
-	if (!x2apic_mode)
-		dest = (dest << 8) & 0xFF00;
-
-	do {
-		old.control = new.control = READ_ONCE(pi_desc->control);
-
-		new.ndst = dest;
-
-		/* set 'NV' to 'notification vector' */
-		new.nv = POSTED_INTR_VECTOR;
-	} while (cmpxchg64(&pi_desc->control, old.control,
-			   new.control) != old.control);
-
+	/*
+	 * Remove the vCPU from the wakeup list of the _previous_ pCPU, which
+	 * will not be the same as the current pCPU if the task was migrated.
+	 */
 	spin_lock(&per_cpu(blocked_vcpu_on_cpu_lock, vcpu->pre_pcpu));
 	list_del(&vcpu->blocked_vcpu_list);
 	spin_unlock(&per_cpu(blocked_vcpu_on_cpu_lock, vcpu->pre_pcpu));
+
+	dest = cpu_physical_id(vcpu->cpu);
+	if (!x2apic_mode)
+		dest = (dest << 8) & 0xFF00;
+
+	do {
+		old.control = new.control = READ_ONCE(pi_desc->control);
+
+		new.ndst = dest;
+
+		/* set 'NV' to 'notification vector' */
+		new.nv = POSTED_INTR_VECTOR;
+	} while (cmpxchg64(&pi_desc->control, old.control,
+			   new.control) != old.control);
+
 	vcpu->pre_pcpu = -1;
 }
 
-- 
2.33.0.882.g93a45727a2-goog

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