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Date:   Fri, 15 Oct 2021 12:24:16 -0500
From:   Tom Lendacky <>
To:     <>, <>
CC:     Thomas Gleixner <>,
        Ingo Molnar <>, Borislav Petkov <>,
        "H. Peter Anvin" <>,
        Dave Hansen <>,
        Andy Lutomirski <>,
        Peter Zijlstra <>,
        "Kirill A. Shutemov" <>,
Subject: [PATCH] x86/sme: Use #define USE_EARLY_PGTABLE_L5 in mem_encrypt_identity.c

When runtime support for converting between 4-level and 5-level pagetables
was added to the kernel, the SME code that built pagetables was updated
to use the pagetable functions, e.g. p4d_offset(), etc., in order to
simplify the code. However, the use of the pagetable functions in early
boot code requires the use of the USE_EARLY_PGTABLE_L5 #define in order to
ensure that proper definition of pgtable_l5_enabled() is used.

Without the #define, pgtable_l5_enabled() is #defined as
cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_LA57). In early boot, the CPU features
have not yet been discovered and populated, so pgtable_l5_enabled() will
return false even when 5-level paging is enabled. This causes the SME code
to always build 4-level pagetables to perform the in-place encryption.
If 5-level paging is enabled, switching to the SME pagetables results in
a page-fault that kills the boot.

Adding the #define results in pgtable_l5_enabled() using the
__pgtable_l5_enabled variable set in early boot and the SME code building
pagetables for the proper paging level.

Cc: <> # 4.18.x
Fixes: aad983913d77 ("x86/mm/encrypt: Simplify sme_populate_pgd() and sme_populate_pgd_large()")
Signed-off-by: Tom Lendacky <>
 arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt_identity.c | 9 +++++++++
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt_identity.c b/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt_identity.c
index f8c612902038..3f0abb403340 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt_identity.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt_identity.c
@@ -27,6 +27,15 @@
+ * This code runs before CPU feature bits are set. By default, the
+ * pgtable_l5_enabled() function uses bit X86_FEATURE_LA57 to determine if
+ * 5-level paging is active, so that won't work here. USE_EARLY_PGTABLE_L5
+ * is provided to handle this situation and, instead, use a variable that
+ * has been set by the early boot code.
+ */
 #include <linux/kernel.h>
 #include <linux/mm.h>
 #include <linux/mem_encrypt.h>

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