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Date:   Thu, 14 Oct 2021 21:34:05 -0500
From:   madvenka@...ux.microsoft.com
To:     mark.rutland@....com, broonie@...nel.org, jpoimboe@...hat.com,
        ardb@...nel.org, nobuta.keiya@...itsu.com,
        sjitindarsingh@...il.com, catalin.marinas@....com, will@...nel.org,
        jmorris@...ei.org, linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org,
        live-patching@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        madvenka@...ux.microsoft.com
Subject: [PATCH v9 11/11] arm64: Create a list of SYM_CODE functions, check return PC against list

From: "Madhavan T. Venkataraman" <madvenka@...ux.microsoft.com>

SYM_CODE functions don't follow the usual calling conventions. Check if the
return PC in a stack frame falls in any of these. If it does, consider the
stack trace unreliable.

Define a special section for unreliable functions
=================================================

Define a SYM_CODE_END() macro for arm64 that adds the function address
range to a new section called "sym_code_functions".

Linker file
===========

Include the "sym_code_functions" section under read-only data in
vmlinux.lds.S.

Initialization
==============

Define an early_initcall() to create a sym_code_functions[] array from
the linker data.

Unwinder check
==============

Add a reliability check in unwind_is_reliable() that compares a return
PC with sym_code_functions[]. If there is a match, then return failure.

Signed-off-by: Madhavan T. Venkataraman <madvenka@...ux.microsoft.com>
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/linkage.h  | 12 +++++++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/sections.h |  1 +
 arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c    | 55 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S   | 10 ++++++
 4 files changed, 78 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/linkage.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/linkage.h
index 9906541a6861..616bad74e297 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/linkage.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/linkage.h
@@ -68,4 +68,16 @@
 		SYM_FUNC_END_ALIAS(x);		\
 		SYM_FUNC_END_ALIAS(__pi_##x)
 
+/*
+ * Record the address range of each SYM_CODE function in a struct code_range
+ * in a special section.
+ */
+#define SYM_CODE_END(name)				\
+	SYM_END(name, SYM_T_NONE)			;\
+	99:						;\
+	.pushsection "sym_code_functions", "aw"		;\
+	.quad	name					;\
+	.quad	99b					;\
+	.popsection
+
 #endif
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sections.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sections.h
index e4ad9db53af1..c84c71063d6e 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sections.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sections.h
@@ -21,5 +21,6 @@ extern char __exittext_begin[], __exittext_end[];
 extern char __irqentry_text_start[], __irqentry_text_end[];
 extern char __mmuoff_data_start[], __mmuoff_data_end[];
 extern char __entry_tramp_text_start[], __entry_tramp_text_end[];
+extern char __sym_code_functions_start[], __sym_code_functions_end[];
 
 #endif /* __ASM_SECTIONS_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c
index 142f08ae515f..40e5af7e5b1d 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c
@@ -18,11 +18,40 @@
 #include <asm/stack_pointer.h>
 #include <asm/stacktrace.h>
 
+struct code_range {
+	unsigned long	start;
+	unsigned long	end;
+};
+
+static struct code_range	*sym_code_functions;
+static int			num_sym_code_functions;
+
+int __init init_sym_code_functions(void)
+{
+	size_t size = (unsigned long)__sym_code_functions_end -
+		      (unsigned long)__sym_code_functions_start;
+
+	sym_code_functions = (struct code_range *)__sym_code_functions_start;
+	/*
+	 * Order it so that sym_code_functions is not visible before
+	 * num_sym_code_functions.
+	 */
+	smp_mb();
+	num_sym_code_functions = size / sizeof(struct code_range);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+early_initcall(init_sym_code_functions);
+
 /*
  * Check the stack frame for conditions that make further unwinding unreliable.
  */
 static void notrace unwind_check_reliability(struct stackframe *frame)
 {
+	const struct code_range *range;
+	unsigned long pc;
+	int i;
+
 	/*
 	 * If the PC is not a known kernel text address, then we cannot
 	 * be sure that a subsequent unwind will be reliable, as we
@@ -30,6 +59,32 @@ static void notrace unwind_check_reliability(struct stackframe *frame)
 	 */
 	if (!__kernel_text_address(frame->pc))
 		frame->reliable = false;
+
+	/*
+	 * Check the return PC against sym_code_functions[]. If there is a
+	 * match, then the consider the stack frame unreliable.
+	 *
+	 * As SYM_CODE functions don't follow the usual calling conventions,
+	 * we assume by default that any SYM_CODE function cannot be unwound
+	 * reliably.
+	 *
+	 * Note that this includes:
+	 *
+	 * - Exception handlers and entry assembly
+	 * - Trampoline assembly (e.g., ftrace, kprobes)
+	 * - Hypervisor-related assembly
+	 * - Hibernation-related assembly
+	 * - CPU start-stop, suspend-resume assembly
+	 * - Kernel relocation assembly
+	 */
+	pc = frame->pc;
+	for (i = 0; i < num_sym_code_functions; i++) {
+		range = &sym_code_functions[i];
+		if (pc >= range->start && pc < range->end) {
+			frame->reliable = false;
+			return;
+		}
+	}
 }
 
 NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(unwind_check_reliability);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
index 709d2c433c5e..2bf769f45b54 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
@@ -111,6 +111,14 @@ jiffies = jiffies_64;
 #define TRAMP_TEXT
 #endif
 
+#define SYM_CODE_FUNCTIONS				\
+	. = ALIGN(16);					\
+	.symcode : AT(ADDR(.symcode) - LOAD_OFFSET) {	\
+		__sym_code_functions_start = .;		\
+		KEEP(*(sym_code_functions))		\
+		__sym_code_functions_end = .;		\
+	}
+
 /*
  * The size of the PE/COFF section that covers the kernel image, which
  * runs from _stext to _edata, must be a round multiple of the PE/COFF
@@ -196,6 +204,8 @@ SECTIONS
 	swapper_pg_dir = .;
 	. += PAGE_SIZE;
 
+	SYM_CODE_FUNCTIONS
+
 	. = ALIGN(SEGMENT_ALIGN);
 	__init_begin = .;
 	__inittext_begin = .;
-- 
2.25.1

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