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Date:   Fri, 15 Oct 2021 08:13:53 +0000
From:   Jiasheng Jiang <jiasheng@...as.ac.cn>
To:     vkoul@...nel.org, lgirdwood@...il.com, broonie@...nel.org,
        perex@...ex.cz, tiwai@...e.com
Cc:     alsa-devel@...a-project.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Jiasheng Jiang <jiasheng@...as.ac.cn>
Subject: [PATCH v2] ASoC: soc-compress: prevent the potentially use of null pointer

There is one call trace that snd_soc_register_card()
->snd_soc_bind_card()->soc_init_pcm_runtime()
->snd_soc_dai_compress_new()->snd_soc_new_compress().
In the trace the 'codec_dai' transfers from card->dai_link,
and we can see from the snd_soc_add_pcm_runtime() in
snd_soc_bind_card() that, if value of card->dai_link->num_codecs
is 0, then 'codec_dai' could be null pointer caused
by index out of bound in 'asoc_rtd_to_codec(rtd, 0)'.
And snd_soc_register_card() is called by various platforms.
Therefore, it is better to add the check in the case of misusing.
And because 'cpu_dai' has already checked in soc_init_pcm_runtime(),
there is no need to check again.
Adding the check as follow, then if 'codec_dai' is null,
snd_soc_new_compress() will not pass through the check 
'if (playback + capture != 1)', avoiding the leftover use of
'codec_dai'.

Fixes: 467fece ("ASoC: soc-dai: move snd_soc_dai_stream_valid() to soc-dai.c")
Signed-off-by: Jiasheng Jiang <jiasheng@...as.ac.cn>
Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@...el.com>
Reported-by: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@...cle.com>
---
 sound/soc/soc-compress.c | 14 ++++++++------
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/sound/soc/soc-compress.c b/sound/soc/soc-compress.c
index b4f5935..67c3df1 100644
--- a/sound/soc/soc-compress.c
+++ b/sound/soc/soc-compress.c
@@ -535,12 +535,14 @@ int snd_soc_new_compress(struct snd_soc_pcm_runtime *rtd, int num)
 	}
 
 	/* check client and interface hw capabilities */
-	if (snd_soc_dai_stream_valid(codec_dai, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) &&
-	    snd_soc_dai_stream_valid(cpu_dai,   SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK))
-		playback = 1;
-	if (snd_soc_dai_stream_valid(codec_dai, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE) &&
-	    snd_soc_dai_stream_valid(cpu_dai,   SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE))
-		capture = 1;
+	if (codec_dai) {
+		if (snd_soc_dai_stream_valid(codec_dai, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) &&
+		    snd_soc_dai_stream_valid(cpu_dai,   SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK))
+			playback = 1;
+		if (snd_soc_dai_stream_valid(codec_dai, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE) &&
+		    snd_soc_dai_stream_valid(cpu_dai,   SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE))
+			capture = 1;
+	}
 
 	/*
 	 * Compress devices are unidirectional so only one of the directions
-- 
2.7.4

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