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Date:   Sun, 17 Oct 2021 14:38:25 +0200
From:   Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@...roup.eu>
To:     Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@...nel.crashing.org>,
        Paul Mackerras <paulus@...ba.org>,
        Michael Ellerman <mpe@...erman.id.au>,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        "James E.J. Bottomley" <James.Bottomley@...senPartnership.com>,
        Helge Deller <deller@....de>, Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>,
        Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
        Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>
Cc:     Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@...roup.eu>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linuxppc-dev@...ts.ozlabs.org,
        linux-ia64@...r.kernel.org, linux-parisc@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-arch@...r.kernel.org, linux-mm@...ck.org
Subject: [PATCH v3 12/12] lkdtm: Add a test for function descriptors protection

Add WRITE_OPD to check that you can't modify function
descriptors.

Gives the following result when function descriptors are
not protected:

	lkdtm: Performing direct entry WRITE_OPD
	lkdtm: attempting bad 16 bytes write at c00000000269b358
	lkdtm: FAIL: survived bad write
	lkdtm: do_nothing was hijacked!

Looks like a standard compiler barrier() is not enough to force
GCC to use the modified function descriptor. Had to add a fake empty
inline assembly to force GCC to reload the function descriptor.

Signed-off-by: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@...roup.eu>
---
 drivers/misc/lkdtm/core.c  |  1 +
 drivers/misc/lkdtm/lkdtm.h |  1 +
 drivers/misc/lkdtm/perms.c | 22 ++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 24 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/misc/lkdtm/core.c b/drivers/misc/lkdtm/core.c
index fe6fd34b8caf..de092aa03b5d 100644
--- a/drivers/misc/lkdtm/core.c
+++ b/drivers/misc/lkdtm/core.c
@@ -148,6 +148,7 @@ static const struct crashtype crashtypes[] = {
 	CRASHTYPE(WRITE_RO),
 	CRASHTYPE(WRITE_RO_AFTER_INIT),
 	CRASHTYPE(WRITE_KERN),
+	CRASHTYPE(WRITE_OPD),
 	CRASHTYPE(REFCOUNT_INC_OVERFLOW),
 	CRASHTYPE(REFCOUNT_ADD_OVERFLOW),
 	CRASHTYPE(REFCOUNT_INC_NOT_ZERO_OVERFLOW),
diff --git a/drivers/misc/lkdtm/lkdtm.h b/drivers/misc/lkdtm/lkdtm.h
index c212a253edde..188bd0fd6575 100644
--- a/drivers/misc/lkdtm/lkdtm.h
+++ b/drivers/misc/lkdtm/lkdtm.h
@@ -105,6 +105,7 @@ void __init lkdtm_perms_init(void);
 void lkdtm_WRITE_RO(void);
 void lkdtm_WRITE_RO_AFTER_INIT(void);
 void lkdtm_WRITE_KERN(void);
+void lkdtm_WRITE_OPD(void);
 void lkdtm_EXEC_DATA(void);
 void lkdtm_EXEC_STACK(void);
 void lkdtm_EXEC_KMALLOC(void);
diff --git a/drivers/misc/lkdtm/perms.c b/drivers/misc/lkdtm/perms.c
index 1cf24c4a79e9..2c6aba3ff32b 100644
--- a/drivers/misc/lkdtm/perms.c
+++ b/drivers/misc/lkdtm/perms.c
@@ -44,6 +44,11 @@ static noinline void do_overwritten(void)
 	return;
 }
 
+static noinline void do_almost_nothing(void)
+{
+	pr_info("do_nothing was hijacked!\n");
+}
+
 static void *setup_function_descriptor(func_desc_t *fdesc, void *dst)
 {
 	if (!have_function_descriptors())
@@ -144,6 +149,23 @@ void lkdtm_WRITE_KERN(void)
 	do_overwritten();
 }
 
+void lkdtm_WRITE_OPD(void)
+{
+	size_t size = sizeof(func_desc_t);
+	void (*func)(void) = do_nothing;
+
+	if (!have_function_descriptors()) {
+		pr_info("XFAIL: Platform doesn't use function descriptors.\n");
+		return;
+	}
+	pr_info("attempting bad %zu bytes write at %px\n", size, do_nothing);
+	memcpy(do_nothing, do_almost_nothing, size);
+	pr_err("FAIL: survived bad write\n");
+
+	asm("" : "=m"(func));
+	func();
+}
+
 void lkdtm_EXEC_DATA(void)
 {
 	execute_location(data_area, CODE_WRITE);
-- 
2.31.1

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