lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date:   Sun, 31 Oct 2021 07:30:36 +0100
From:   Dominik Brodowski <>
Cc:     "Ivan T. Ivanov" <>,
        Ard Biesheuvel <>,
        Bhupesh Sharma <>,,
Subject: [PATCH] random: fix crash on multiple early calls to

If add_bootloader_randomness() or add_hwgenerator_randomness() is
called for the first time during early boot, crng_init equals 0. Then,
crng_fast_load() gets called -- which is safe to do even if the input
pool is not yet properly set up.

If the added entropy suffices to increase crng_init to 1, future calls
to add_bootloader_randomness() or add_hwgenerator_randomness() used to
progress to credit_entropy_bits(). However, if the input pool is not yet
properly set up, the cmpxchg call within that function can lead to an
infinite recursion. This is not only a hypothetical problem, as qemu
on x86 may provide bootloader entropy via EFI and via devicetree.

As crng_global_init_time is set to != 0 once the input pool is properly
set up, check (also) for this condition to determine which branch to take.

Calls to crng_fast_load() do not modify the input pool; therefore, the
entropy_count for the input pool must not be modified at that early

Reported-and-tested-by: Ivan T. Ivanov <>
Fixes: 18b915ac6b0a ("efi/random: Treat EFI_RNG_PROTOCOL output as bootloader randomness")
Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <>

diff --git a/drivers/char/random.c b/drivers/char/random.c
index 605969ed0f96..4211ff3092f9 100644
--- a/drivers/char/random.c
+++ b/drivers/char/random.c
@@ -1763,8 +1763,8 @@ static void __init init_std_data(struct entropy_store *r)
- * Note that setup_arch() may call add_device_randomness()
- * long before we get here. This allows seeding of the pools
+ * add_device_randomness() or add_bootloader_randomness() may be
+ * called long before we get here. This allows seeding of the pools
  * with some platform dependent data very early in the boot
  * process. But it limits our options here. We must use
  * statically allocated structures that already have all
@@ -2274,7 +2274,12 @@ void add_hwgenerator_randomness(const char *buffer, size_t count,
 	struct entropy_store *poolp = &input_pool;
-	if (unlikely(crng_init == 0)) {
+	/* We cannot do much with the input pool until it is set up in
+	 * rand_initalize(); therefore just mix into the crng state.
+	 * As this does not affect the input pool, we cannot credit
+	 * entropy for this.
+	 */
+	if (unlikely(crng_init == 0) || unlikely(crng_global_init_time == 0)) {
 		crng_fast_load(buffer, count);

Powered by blists - more mailing lists