lists.openwall.net   lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
 
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date:   Wed, 3 Nov 2021 12:59:27 +0100
From:   "Maciej S. Szmigiero" <mail@...iej.szmigiero.name>
To:     Sean Christopherson <seanjc@...gle.com>
Cc:     Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@...hat.com>,
        Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@...hat.com>,
        Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@...cent.com>,
        Jim Mattson <jmattson@...gle.com>,
        Igor Mammedov <imammedo@...hat.com>,
        Marc Zyngier <maz@...nel.org>,
        James Morse <james.morse@....com>,
        Julien Thierry <julien.thierry.kdev@...il.com>,
        Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@....com>,
        Huacai Chen <chenhuacai@...nel.org>,
        Aleksandar Markovic <aleksandar.qemu.devel@...il.com>,
        Paul Mackerras <paulus@...abs.org>,
        Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@...ibm.com>,
        Janosch Frank <frankja@...ux.ibm.com>,
        David Hildenbrand <david@...hat.com>,
        Cornelia Huck <cohuck@...hat.com>,
        Claudio Imbrenda <imbrenda@...ux.ibm.com>,
        Joerg Roedel <joro@...tes.org>, kvm@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v5 01/13] KVM: x86: Cache total page count to avoid
 traversing the memslot array

On 01.11.2021 23:29, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> On Wed, Oct 20, 2021, Sean Christopherson wrote:
>> On Wed, Oct 20, 2021, Maciej S. Szmigiero wrote:
>>> On 20.10.2021 00:24, Sean Christopherson wrote:
>>>> E.g. the whole thing can be
>>>>
>>>> 	if (!kvm->arch.n_requested_mmu_pages &&
>>>> 	    (change == KVM_MR_CREATE || change == KVM_MR_DELETE)) {
>>>> 		unsigned long nr_mmu_pages;
>>>>
>>>> 		if (change == KVM_MR_CREATE) {
>>>> 			kvm->arch.n_memslots_pages += new->npages;
>>>> 		} else {
>>>> 			WARN_ON(kvm->arch.n_memslots_pages < old->npages);
>>>> 			kvm->arch.n_memslots_pages -= old->npages;
>>>> 		}
>>>>
>>>> 		nr_mmu_pages = (unsigned long)kvm->arch.n_memslots_pages;
>>>> 		nr_mmu_pages *= (KVM_PERMILLE_MMU_PAGES / 1000);
>>>
>>> The above line will set nr_mmu_pages to zero since KVM_PERMILLE_MMU_PAGES
>>> is 20, so when integer-divided by 1000 will result in a multiplication
>>> coefficient of zero.
>>
>> Ugh, math.  And thus do_div() to avoid the whole 64-bit divide issue on 32-bit KVM.
>> Bummer.
> 
> I was revisiting this today because (a) simply making n_memslots_pages a u64 doesn't
> cleanly handle the case where the resulting nr_mmu_pages would wrap, 

Handling this case without capping total n_memslots_pages would require
either capping memslots_pages on 32-bit KVM to make it fit in 32-bits or
changing kvm_mmu_change_mmu_pages() and all the logic further down to
accept u64's.

> (b) any fix
> in that are should really go in a separate patch to fix
> kvm_mmu_calculate_default_mmu_pages() and then carry that behavior forward
> 
> But as I dove deeper (and deeper), I came to the conclusion that supporting a
> total number of memslot pages that doesn't fit in an unsigned long is a waste of
> our time.  With a 32-bit kernel, userspace can at most address 3gb of virtual
> memory, whereas wrapping the total number of pages would require 4tb+ of guest
> physical memory.  Even with x86's second address space for SMM, that means userspace
> would need to alias all of guest memory more than one _thousand_ times.  And on
> older hardware with MAXPHYADDR < 43, the guest couldn't actually access any of those
> aliases even if userspace lied about guest.MAXPHYADDR.
> 
> So unless I'm missing something, or PPC or MIPS has some crazy way for a 32-bit
> host to support 4TB of guest memory, my vote would be to explicitly disallow
> creating more memslot pages than can fit in an unsigned long.  Then x86 KVM could
> reuse the cache nr_memslot_pages and x86's MMU wouldn't have to update a big pile
> of code to support a scenario that practically speaking is useless.
> 
> diff --git a/include/linux/kvm_host.h b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> index 72b329e82089..acabdbdef5cf 100644
> --- a/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> @@ -552,6 +552,7 @@ struct kvm {
>           */
>          struct mutex slots_arch_lock;
>          struct mm_struct *mm; /* userspace tied to this vm */
> +       unsigned long nr_memslot_pages;
>          struct kvm_memslots __rcu *memslots[KVM_ADDRESS_SPACE_NUM];
>          struct kvm_vcpu *vcpus[KVM_MAX_VCPUS];
> 
> diff --git a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
> index 8bf4b89cfa03..c63fc5c05322 100644
> --- a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
> +++ b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
> @@ -1567,6 +1567,15 @@ static void kvm_commit_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm,
>                                       const struct kvm_memory_slot *new,
>                                       enum kvm_mr_change change)
>   {
> +       /*
> +        * Update the total number of memslot pages before calling the arch
> +        * hook so that architectures can consume the result directly.
> +        */
> +       if (change == KVM_MR_DELETE)
> +               kvm->nr_memslot_pages -= old->npages;
> +       else if (change == KVM_MR_CREATE)
> +               kvm->nr_memslot_pages += new->npages;
> +
>          kvm_arch_commit_memory_region(kvm, old, new, change);
> 
>          /*
> @@ -1738,6 +1747,9 @@ int __kvm_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm,
>                  if (!old || !old->npages)
>                          return -EINVAL;
> 
> +               if (WARN_ON_ONCE(kvm->nr_memslot_pages < old->npages))
> +                       return -EIO;
> +
>                  memset(&new, 0, sizeof(new));
>                  new.id = id;
>                  new.as_id = as_id;
> @@ -1756,6 +1768,13 @@ int __kvm_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm,
> 
>          if (!old || !old->npages) {
>                  change = KVM_MR_CREATE;
> +
> +               /*
> +                * To simplify KVM internals, the total number of pages across
> +                * all memslots must fit in an unsigned long.
> +                */
> +               if ((kvm->nr_memslot_pages + new.npages) < kvm->nr_memslot_pages)
> +                       return -EINVAL;
>          } else { /* Modify an existing slot. */
>                  if ((new.userspace_addr != old->userspace_addr) ||
>                      (new.npages != old->npages) ||
> 

Capping total n_memslots_pages makes sense to me to avoid the (existing)
nr_mmu_pages wraparound issue, will update the next patchset version
accordingly.

Thanks,
Maciej

Powered by blists - more mailing lists