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Date:   Sun, 20 Feb 2022 15:06:28 +0800
From:   menglong8.dong@...il.com
To:     dsahern@...nel.org, kuba@...nel.org
Cc:     edumazet@...gle.com, davem@...emloft.net, rostedt@...dmis.org,
        mingo@...hat.com, yoshfuji@...ux-ipv6.org, ast@...nel.org,
        daniel@...earbox.net, hawk@...nel.org, john.fastabend@...il.com,
        imagedong@...cent.com, talalahmad@...gle.com,
        keescook@...omium.org, ilias.apalodimas@...aro.org, alobakin@...me,
        memxor@...il.com, atenart@...nel.org, bigeasy@...utronix.de,
        pabeni@...hat.com, linyunsheng@...wei.com, arnd@...db.de,
        yajun.deng@...ux.dev, roopa@...dia.com, willemb@...gle.com,
        vvs@...tuozzo.com, cong.wang@...edance.com,
        luiz.von.dentz@...el.com, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        netdev@...r.kernel.org, bpf@...r.kernel.org,
        flyingpeng@...cent.com, mengensun@...cent.com
Subject: [PATCH net-next v3 0/9] net: add skb drop reasons to TCP packet receive

From: Menglong Dong <imagedong@...cent.com>

In the commit c504e5c2f964 ("net: skb: introduce kfree_skb_reason()"),
we added the support of reporting the reasons of skb drops to kfree_skb
tracepoint. And in this series patches, reasons for skb drops are added
to TCP layer (both TCPv4 and TCPv6 are considered).
Following functions are processed:

tcp_v4_rcv()
tcp_v6_rcv()
tcp_v4_inbound_md5_hash()
tcp_v6_inbound_md5_hash()
tcp_add_backlog()
tcp_v4_do_rcv()
tcp_v6_do_rcv()
tcp_rcv_established()
tcp_data_queue()
tcp_data_queue_ofo()

The functions we handled are mostly for packet ingress, as skb drops
hardly happens in the egress path of TCP layer. However, it's a little
complex for TCP state processing, as I find that it's hard to report skb
drop reasons to where it is freed. For example, when skb is dropped in
tcp_rcv_state_process(), the reason can be caused by the call of
tcp_v4_conn_request(), and it's hard to return a drop reason from
tcp_v4_conn_request(). So such cases are skipped  for this moment.

Following new drop reasons are introduced (what they mean can be see
in the document for them):

/* SKB_DROP_REASON_TCP_MD5* corresponding to LINUX_MIB_TCPMD5* */
SKB_DROP_REASON_TCP_MD5NOTFOUND
SKB_DROP_REASON_TCP_MD5UNEXPECTED
SKB_DROP_REASON_TCP_MD5FAILURE
SKB_DROP_REASON_SOCKET_BACKLOG
SKB_DROP_REASON_TCP_FLAGS
SKB_DROP_REASON_TCP_ZEROWINDOW
SKB_DROP_REASON_TCP_OLD_DATA
SKB_DROP_REASON_TCP_OVERWINDOW
/* corresponding to LINUX_MIB_TCPOFOMERGE */
SKB_DROP_REASON_TCP_OFOMERGE

Here is a example to get TCP packet drop reasons from ftrace:

$ echo 1 > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/skb/kfree_skb/enable
$ cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace
$ <idle>-0       [036] ..s1.   647.428165: kfree_skb: skbaddr=000000004d037db6 protocol=2048 location=0000000074cd1243 reason: NO_SOCKET
$ <idle>-0       [020] ..s2.   639.676674: kfree_skb: skbaddr=00000000bcbfa42d protocol=2048 location=00000000bfe89d35 reason: PROTO_MEM

>From the reason 'PROTO_MEM' we can know that the skb is dropped because
the memory configured in net.ipv4.tcp_mem is up to the limition.

Changes since v2:
- remove the 'inline' of tcp_drop() in the 1th patch, as Jakub
  suggested

Changes since v1:
- enrich the document for this series patches in the cover letter,
  as Eric suggested
- fix compile warning report by Jakub in the 6th patch
- let NO_SOCKET trump the XFRM failure in the 2th and 3th patches

Menglong Dong (9):
  net: tcp: introduce tcp_drop_reason()
  net: tcp: add skb drop reasons to tcp_v4_rcv()
  net: tcp: use kfree_skb_reason() for tcp_v6_rcv()
  net: tcp: add skb drop reasons to tcp_v{4,6}_inbound_md5_hash()
  net: tcp: add skb drop reasons to tcp_add_backlog()
  net: tcp: use kfree_skb_reason() for tcp_v{4,6}_do_rcv()
  net: tcp: use tcp_drop_reason() for tcp_rcv_established()
  net: tcp: use tcp_drop_reason() for tcp_data_queue()
  net: tcp: use tcp_drop_reason() for tcp_data_queue_ofo()

 include/linux/skbuff.h     | 34 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/net/tcp.h          |  3 ++-
 include/trace/events/skb.h | 10 +++++++++
 net/ipv4/tcp_input.c       | 42 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
 net/ipv4/tcp_ipv4.c        | 32 +++++++++++++++++++++--------
 net/ipv6/tcp_ipv6.c        | 39 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
 6 files changed, 132 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

-- 
2.34.1

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