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Date:   Thu, 23 Jun 2022 16:18:09 -0400
From:   Peter Xu <peterx@...hat.com>
To:     Sean Christopherson <seanjc@...gle.com>
Cc:     kvm@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@...hat.com>,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        David Hildenbrand <david@...hat.com>,
        "Dr . David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@...hat.com>,
        Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@...hat.com>,
        Linux MM Mailing List <linux-mm@...ck.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 4/4] kvm/x86: Allow to respond to generic signals during
 slow page faults

On Thu, Jun 23, 2022 at 08:07:00PM +0000, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> On Thu, Jun 23, 2022, Peter Xu wrote:
> > Hi, Sean,
> > 
> > On Thu, Jun 23, 2022 at 02:46:08PM +0000, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> > > On Wed, Jun 22, 2022, Peter Xu wrote:
> > > > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c
> > > > index e92f1ab63d6a..b39acb7cb16d 100644
> > > > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c
> > > > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c
> > > > @@ -3012,6 +3012,13 @@ static int kvm_handle_bad_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn, kvm_pfn_t pfn)
> > > >  static int handle_abnormal_pfn(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_page_fault *fault,
> > > >  			       unsigned int access)
> > > >  {
> > > > +	/* NOTE: not all error pfn is fatal; handle intr before the other ones */
> > > > +	if (unlikely(is_intr_pfn(fault->pfn))) {
> > > > +		vcpu->run->exit_reason = KVM_EXIT_INTR;
> > > > +		++vcpu->stat.signal_exits;
> > > > +		return -EINTR;
> > > > +	}
> > > > +
> > > >  	/* The pfn is invalid, report the error! */
> > > >  	if (unlikely(is_error_pfn(fault->pfn)))
> > > >  		return kvm_handle_bad_page(vcpu, fault->gfn, fault->pfn);
> > > > @@ -4017,6 +4024,8 @@ static int kvm_faultin_pfn(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_page_fault *fault)
> > > >  		}
> > > >  	}
> > > >  
> > > > +	/* Allow to respond to generic signals in slow page faults */
> > > 
> > > "slow" is being overloaded here.  The previous call __gfn_to_pfn_memslot() will
> > > end up in hva_to_pfn_slow(), but because of passing a non-null async it won't wait.
> > > This code really should have a more extensive comment irrespective of the interruptible
> > > stuff, now would be a good time to add that.
> > 
> > Yes I agree, especially the "async" parameter along with "atomic" makes it
> > even more confusing as you said.  But isn't that also means the "slow" here
> > is spot-on?  I mean imho it's the "elsewhere" needs cleanup not this
> > comment itself since it's really stating the fact that this is the real
> > slow path?
> 
> No, because atomic=false here, i.e. KVM will try hva_to_pfn_slow() if hva_to_pfn_fast()
> fails.  So even if we agree that the "wait for IO" path is the true slow path,
> when reading KVM code the vast, vast majority of developers will associate "slow"
> with hva_to_pfn_slow().

Okay.  I think how we define slow matters, here my take is "when a major
fault happens" (as defined in the mm term), but probably that definition is
a bit far away from kvm as the hypervisor level indeed.

> 
> > Or any other suggestions greatly welcomed on how I should improve this
> > comment.
> 
> Something along these lines?
> 
> 	/*
> 	 * Allow gup to bail on pending non-fatal signals when it's also allowed
> 	 * to wait for IO.  Note, gup always bails if it is unable to quickly
> 	 * get a page and a fatal signal, i.e. SIGKILL, is pending.
> 	 */

Taken.

> > 
> > > 
> > > Comments aside, isn't this series incomplete from the perspective that there are
> > > still many flows where KVM will hang if gfn_to_pfn() gets stuck in gup?  E.g. if
> > > KVM is retrieving a page pointed at by vmcs12.
> > 
> > Right.  The thing is I'm not confident I can make it complete easily in one
> > shot..
> > 
> > I mentioned some of that in cover letter or commit message of patch 1, in
> > that I don't think all the gup call sites are okay with being interrupted
> > by a non-fatal signal.
> > 
> > So what I want to do is doing it step by step, at least by introducing
> > FOLL_INTERRUPTIBLE and having one valid user of it that covers a very valid
> > use case.  I'm also pretty sure the page fault path is really the most
> > cases that will happen with GUP, so it already helps in many ways for me
> > when running with a patched kernel.
> > 
> > So when the complete picture is non-trivial to achieve in one shot, I think
> > this could be one option we go for.  With the facility (and example code on
> > x86 slow page fault) ready, hopefully we could start to convert many other
> > call sites to be signal-aware, outside page faults, or even outside x86,
> > because it's really a more generic problem, which I fully agree.
> > 
> > Does it sound reasonable to you?
> 
> Yep.  In fact, I'd be totally ok keeping this to just the page fault path.  I
> missed one cruicial detail on my first read through: gup already bails on SIGKILL,
> it's only these technically-not-fatal signals that gup ignores by default.  In
> other words, using FOLL_INTERRUPTIBLE is purely opportunsitically as userspace
> can always resort to SIGKILL if the VM really needs to die.
> 
> It would be very helpful to explicit call that out in the changelog, that way
> it's (hopefully) clear that KVM uses FOLL_INTERRUPTIBLE to be user friendly when
> it's easy to do so, and that it's not required for correctness/robustness.

Yes that's the case, sigkill is special. I can mention that somewhere in
the cover letter too besides the comment you suggested above.  Thanks,

-- 
Peter Xu

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