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Date:   Fri, 23 Sep 2022 19:32:46 +0800
From:   Yu Kuai <>
To:     Jan Kara <>, Yu Kuai <>
Cc:     Christoph Hellwig <>,,,,,,
        "yukuai (C)" <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 3/5] block, bfq: don't disable wbt if

Hi, Jan!

在 2022/09/23 19:03, Jan Kara 写道:
> Hi Kuai!
> On Fri 23-09-22 18:23:03, Yu Kuai wrote:
>> 在 2022/09/23 18:06, Jan Kara 写道:
>>> On Fri 23-09-22 17:50:49, Yu Kuai wrote:
>>>> Hi, Christoph
>>>> 在 2022/09/23 16:56, Christoph Hellwig 写道:
>>>>> On Thu, Sep 22, 2022 at 07:35:56PM +0800, Yu Kuai wrote:
>>>>>> wbt and bfq should work just fine if CONFIG_BFQ_GROUP_IOSCHED is disabled.
>>>>> Umm, wouldn't this be something decided at runtime, that is not
>>>>> if CONFIG_BFQ_GROUP_IOSCHED is enable/disable in the kernel build
>>>>> if the hierarchical cgroup based scheduling is actually used for a
>>>>> given device?
>>>>> .
>>>> That's a good point,
>>>> Before this patch wbt is simply disabled if elevator is bfq.
>>>> With this patch, if elevator is bfq while bfq doesn't throttle
>>>> any IO yet, wbt still is disabled unnecessarily.
>>> It is not really disabled unnecessarily. Have you actually tested the
>>> performance of the combination? I did once and the results were just
>>> horrible (which is I made BFQ just disable wbt by default). The problem is
>>> that blk-wbt assumes certain model of underlying storage stack and hardware
>>> behavior and BFQ just does not fit in that model. For example BFQ wants to
>>> see as many requests as possible so that it can heavily reorder them,
>>> estimate think times of applications, etc. On the other hand blk-wbt
>>> assumes that if request latency gets higher, it means there is too much IO
>>> going on and we need to allow less of "lower priority" IO types to be
>>> submitted. These two go directly against one another and I was easily
>>> observing blk-wbt spiraling down to allowing only very small number of
>>> requests submitted while BFQ was idling waiting for more IO from the
>>> process that was currently scheduled.
>> Thanks for your explanation, I understand that bfq and wbt should not
>> work together.
>> However, I wonder if CONFIG_BFQ_GROUP_IOSCHED is disabled, or service
>> guarantee is not needed, does the above phenomenon still exist? I find
>> it hard to understand... Perhaps I need to do some test.
> Well, BFQ implements for example idling on sync IO queues which is one of
> the features that upsets blk-wbt. That does not depend on
> CONFIG_BFQ_GROUP_IOSCHED in any way. Also generally the idea that BFQ
> assigns storage *time slots* to different processes and IO from other
> processes is just queued at those times increases IO completion
> latency (for IOs of processes that are not currently scheduled) and this
> tends to confuse blk-wbt.
I see it now, thanks a lot for your expiations, that really helps a lot.

I misunderstand about the how the bfq works. I'll remove this patch in
next version.


> 								Honza

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