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Date:   Mon, 12 Dec 2022 12:24:02 -1000
From:   Tejun Heo <>
To:     Waiman Long <>
Cc:     Jens Axboe <>, Josef Bacik <>,
        Zefan Li <>,
        Johannes Weiner <>,
        Andrew Morton <>,,,,,
        Michal Koutný <>,
        "Dennis Zhou (Facebook)" <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH-block v2 3/3] blk-cgroup: Flush stats at blkgs
 destruction path

On Sun, Dec 11, 2022 at 05:20:58PM -0500, Waiman Long wrote:
> As noted by Michal, the blkg_iostat_set's in the lockless list
> hold reference to blkg's to protect against their removal. Those
> blkg's hold reference to blkcg. When a cgroup is being destroyed,
> cgroup_rstat_flush() is only called at css_release_work_fn() which is
> called when the blkcg reference count reaches 0. This circular dependency
> will prevent blkcg from being freed until some other events cause
> cgroup_rstat_flush() to be called to flush out the pending blkcg stats.
> To prevent this delayed blkcg removal, add a new cgroup_rstat_css_flush()
> function to flush stats for a given css and cpu and call it at the blkgs
> destruction path, blkcg_destroy_blkgs(), whenever there are still some
> pending stats to be flushed. This will ensure that blkcg reference
> count can reach 0 ASAP.
> Signed-off-by: Waiman Long <>

Acked-by: Tejun Heo <>

But a nit below

> +	/*
> +	 * Flush all the non-empty percpu lockless lists.
> +	 */

Can you please explain the deadlock that's being avoided in the above
comment? ie. it should say why this flush is necessary.

> +	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
> +		struct llist_head *lhead = per_cpu_ptr(blkcg->lhead, cpu);
> +
> +		if (!llist_empty(lhead))
> +			cgroup_rstat_css_cpu_flush(&blkcg->css, cpu);
> +	}



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