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Date:   Sat, 18 Mar 2023 17:15:24 -0700
From:   Rick Edgecombe <rick.p.edgecombe@...el.com>
To:     x86@...nel.org, "H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-doc@...r.kernel.org, linux-mm@...ck.org,
        linux-arch@...r.kernel.org, linux-api@...r.kernel.org,
        Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>,
        Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>,
        Balbir Singh <bsingharora@...il.com>,
        Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
        Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@...il.com>,
        Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com>,
        Eugene Syromiatnikov <esyr@...hat.com>,
        Florian Weimer <fweimer@...hat.com>,
        "H . J . Lu" <hjl.tools@...il.com>, Jann Horn <jannh@...gle.com>,
        Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>,
        Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
        Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@...cle.com>,
        Nadav Amit <nadav.amit@...il.com>,
        Oleg Nesterov <oleg@...hat.com>, Pavel Machek <pavel@....cz>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@...radead.org>,
        Weijiang Yang <weijiang.yang@...el.com>,
        "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@...ux.intel.com>,
        John Allen <john.allen@....com>, kcc@...gle.com,
        eranian@...gle.com, rppt@...nel.org, jamorris@...ux.microsoft.com,
        dethoma@...rosoft.com, akpm@...ux-foundation.org,
        Andrew.Cooper3@...rix.com, christina.schimpe@...el.com,
        david@...hat.com, debug@...osinc.com, szabolcs.nagy@....com
Cc:     rick.p.edgecombe@...el.com, Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@...el.com>
Subject: [PATCH v8 29/40] x86/shstk: Add user-mode shadow stack support

Introduce basic shadow stack enabling/disabling/allocation routines.
A task's shadow stack is allocated from memory with VM_SHADOW_STACK flag
and has a fixed size of min(RLIMIT_STACK, 4GB).

Keep the task's shadow stack address and size in thread_struct. This will
be copied when cloning new threads, but needs to be cleared during exec,
so add a function to do this.

32 bit shadow stack is not expected to have many users and it will
complicate the signal implementation. So do not support IA32 emulation
or x32.

Co-developed-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@...el.com>
Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@...el.com>
Signed-off-by: Rick Edgecombe <rick.p.edgecombe@...el.com>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
Acked-by: Mike Rapoport (IBM) <rppt@...nel.org>
Tested-by: Pengfei Xu <pengfei.xu@...el.com>
Tested-by: John Allen <john.allen@....com>
Tested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
---
v7:
 - Add explanation for not supporting 32 bit in commit log (Boris)

v5:
 - Switch to EOPNOTSUPP
 - Use MAP_ABOVE4G
 - Move set_clr_bits_msrl() to patch where it is first used

v4:
 - Just set MSR_IA32_U_CET when disabling shadow stack, since we don't
   have IBT yet. (Peterz)

v3:
 - Use define for set_clr_bits_msrl() (Kees)
 - Make some functions static (Kees)
 - Change feature_foo() to features_foo() (Kees)
 - Centralize shadow stack size rlimit checks (Kees)
 - Disable x32 support
---
 arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h  |   2 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/shstk.h      |   7 ++
 arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/prctl.h |   3 +
 arch/x86/kernel/shstk.c           | 145 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 157 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
index bd16e012b3e9..ff98cd6d5af2 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -479,6 +479,8 @@ struct thread_struct {
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_USER_SHADOW_STACK
 	unsigned long		features;
 	unsigned long		features_locked;
+
+	struct thread_shstk	shstk;
 #endif
 
 	/* Floating point and extended processor state */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/shstk.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/shstk.h
index ec753809f074..2b1f7c9b9995 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/shstk.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/shstk.h
@@ -8,12 +8,19 @@
 struct task_struct;
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_USER_SHADOW_STACK
+struct thread_shstk {
+	u64	base;
+	u64	size;
+};
+
 long shstk_prctl(struct task_struct *task, int option, unsigned long features);
 void reset_thread_features(void);
+void shstk_free(struct task_struct *p);
 #else
 static inline long shstk_prctl(struct task_struct *task, int option,
 			       unsigned long arg2) { return -EINVAL; }
 static inline void reset_thread_features(void) {}
+static inline void shstk_free(struct task_struct *p) {}
 #endif /* CONFIG_X86_USER_SHADOW_STACK */
 
 #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/prctl.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/prctl.h
index b2b3b7200b2d..7dfd9dc00509 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/prctl.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/prctl.h
@@ -26,4 +26,7 @@
 #define ARCH_SHSTK_DISABLE		0x5002
 #define ARCH_SHSTK_LOCK			0x5003
 
+/* ARCH_SHSTK_ features bits */
+#define ARCH_SHSTK_SHSTK		(1ULL <<  0)
+
 #endif /* _ASM_X86_PRCTL_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/shstk.c b/arch/x86/kernel/shstk.c
index 41ed6552e0a5..3cb85224d856 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/shstk.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/shstk.c
@@ -8,14 +8,159 @@
 
 #include <linux/sched.h>
 #include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/mman.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
+#include <linux/compat.h>
+#include <linux/sizes.h>
+#include <linux/user.h>
+#include <asm/msr.h>
+#include <asm/fpu/xstate.h>
+#include <asm/fpu/types.h>
+#include <asm/shstk.h>
+#include <asm/special_insns.h>
+#include <asm/fpu/api.h>
 #include <asm/prctl.h>
 
+static bool features_enabled(unsigned long features)
+{
+	return current->thread.features & features;
+}
+
+static void features_set(unsigned long features)
+{
+	current->thread.features |= features;
+}
+
+static void features_clr(unsigned long features)
+{
+	current->thread.features &= ~features;
+}
+
+static unsigned long alloc_shstk(unsigned long size)
+{
+	int flags = MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ABOVE4G;
+	struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
+	unsigned long addr, unused;
+
+	mmap_write_lock(mm);
+	addr = do_mmap(NULL, addr, size, PROT_READ, flags,
+		       VM_SHADOW_STACK | VM_WRITE, 0, &unused, NULL);
+
+	mmap_write_unlock(mm);
+
+	return addr;
+}
+
+static unsigned long adjust_shstk_size(unsigned long size)
+{
+	if (size)
+		return PAGE_ALIGN(size);
+
+	return PAGE_ALIGN(min_t(unsigned long long, rlimit(RLIMIT_STACK), SZ_4G));
+}
+
+static void unmap_shadow_stack(u64 base, u64 size)
+{
+	while (1) {
+		int r;
+
+		r = vm_munmap(base, size);
+
+		/*
+		 * vm_munmap() returns -EINTR when mmap_lock is held by
+		 * something else, and that lock should not be held for a
+		 * long time.  Retry it for the case.
+		 */
+		if (r == -EINTR) {
+			cond_resched();
+			continue;
+		}
+
+		/*
+		 * For all other types of vm_munmap() failure, either the
+		 * system is out of memory or there is bug.
+		 */
+		WARN_ON_ONCE(r);
+		break;
+	}
+}
+
+static int shstk_setup(void)
+{
+	struct thread_shstk *shstk = &current->thread.shstk;
+	unsigned long addr, size;
+
+	/* Already enabled */
+	if (features_enabled(ARCH_SHSTK_SHSTK))
+		return 0;
+
+	/* Also not supported for 32 bit and x32 */
+	if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_USER_SHSTK) || in_32bit_syscall())
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+	size = adjust_shstk_size(0);
+	addr = alloc_shstk(size);
+	if (IS_ERR_VALUE(addr))
+		return PTR_ERR((void *)addr);
+
+	fpregs_lock_and_load();
+	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_PL3_SSP, addr + size);
+	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_U_CET, CET_SHSTK_EN);
+	fpregs_unlock();
+
+	shstk->base = addr;
+	shstk->size = size;
+	features_set(ARCH_SHSTK_SHSTK);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
 void reset_thread_features(void)
 {
+	memset(&current->thread.shstk, 0, sizeof(struct thread_shstk));
 	current->thread.features = 0;
 	current->thread.features_locked = 0;
 }
 
+void shstk_free(struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+	struct thread_shstk *shstk = &tsk->thread.shstk;
+
+	if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_USER_SHSTK) ||
+	    !features_enabled(ARCH_SHSTK_SHSTK))
+		return;
+
+	if (!tsk->mm)
+		return;
+
+	unmap_shadow_stack(shstk->base, shstk->size);
+}
+
+static int shstk_disable(void)
+{
+	if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_USER_SHSTK))
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+	/* Already disabled? */
+	if (!features_enabled(ARCH_SHSTK_SHSTK))
+		return 0;
+
+	fpregs_lock_and_load();
+	/* Disable WRSS too when disabling shadow stack */
+	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_U_CET, 0);
+	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_PL3_SSP, 0);
+	fpregs_unlock();
+
+	shstk_free(current);
+	features_clr(ARCH_SHSTK_SHSTK);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
 long shstk_prctl(struct task_struct *task, int option, unsigned long features)
 {
 	if (option == ARCH_SHSTK_LOCK) {
-- 
2.17.1

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