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Date:   Tue, 17 Oct 2023 01:05:21 +0800
From:   "wuqiang.matt" <wuqiang.matt@...edance.com>
To:     "Masami Hiramatsu (Google)" <mhiramat@...nel.org>
Cc:     linux-trace-kernel@...r.kernel.org, davem@...emloft.net,
        anil.s.keshavamurthy@...el.com, naveen.n.rao@...ux.ibm.com,
        rostedt@...dmis.org, peterz@...radead.org,
        akpm@...ux-foundation.org, sander@...nheule.net,
        ebiggers@...gle.com, dan.j.williams@...el.com, jpoimboe@...nel.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, lkp@...el.com, mattwu@....com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v10 1/5] lib: objpool added: ring-array based lockless
 MPMC

Hello Masami,

Here's the updated version for your review.

---
  include/linux/objpool.h | 176 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
  lib/Makefile            |   2 +-
  lib/objpool.c           | 286 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
  3 files changed, 463 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
  create mode 100644 include/linux/objpool.h
  create mode 100644 lib/objpool.c

diff --git a/include/linux/objpool.h b/include/linux/objpool.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..4df18405420a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/objpool.h
@@ -0,0 +1,181 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+
+#ifndef _LINUX_OBJPOOL_H
+#define _LINUX_OBJPOOL_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/refcount.h>
+
+/*
+ * objpool: ring-array based lockless MPMC queue
+ *
+ * Copyright: wuqiang.matt@...edance.com,mhiramat@...nel.org
+ *
+ * objpool is a scalable implementation of high performance queue for
+ * object allocation and reclamation, such as kretprobe instances.
+ *
+ * With leveraging percpu ring-array to mitigate hot spots of memory
+ * contention, it delivers near-linear scalability for high parallel
+ * scenarios. The objpool is best suited for the following cases:
+ * 1) Memory allocation or reclamation are prohibited or too expensive
+ * 2) Consumers are of different priorities, such as irqs and threads
+ *
+ * Limitations:
+ * 1) Maximum objects (capacity) is fixed after objpool creation
+ * 2) All pre-allocated objects are managed in percpu ring array,
+ *    which consumes more memory than linked lists
+ */
+
+/**
+ * struct objpool_slot - percpu ring array of objpool
+ * @head: head sequence of the local ring array (to retrieve at)
+ * @tail: tail sequence of the local ring array (to append at)
+ * @last: the last sequence number marked as ready for retrieve
+ * @mask: bits mask for modulo capacity to compute array indexes
+ * @entries: object entries on this slot
+ *
+ * Represents a cpu-local array-based ring buffer, its size is specialized
+ * during initialization of object pool. The percpu objpool node is to be
+ * allocated from local memory for NUMA system, and to be kept compact in
+ * continuous memory: CPU assigned number of objects are stored just after
+ * the body of objpool_node.
+ *
+ * Real size of the ring array is far too smaller than the value range of
+ * head and tail, typed as uint32_t: [0, 2^32), so only lower bits (mask)
+ * of head and tail are used as the actual position in the ring array. In
+ * general the ring array is acting like a small sliding window, which is
+ * always moving forward in the loop of [0, 2^32).
+ */
+struct objpool_slot {
+	uint32_t            head;
+	uint32_t            tail;
+	uint32_t            last;
+	uint32_t            mask;
+	void               *entries[];
+} __packed;
+
+struct objpool_head;
+
+/*
+ * caller-specified callback for object initial setup, it's only called
+ * once for each object (just after the memory allocation of the object)
+ */
+typedef int (*objpool_init_obj_cb)(void *obj, void *context);
+
+/* caller-specified cleanup callback for objpool destruction */
+typedef int (*objpool_fini_cb)(struct objpool_head *head, void *context);
+
+/**
+ * struct objpool_head - object pooling metadata
+ * @obj_size:   object size, aligned to sizeof(void *)
+ * @nr_objs:    total objs (to be pre-allocated with objpool)
+ * @nr_cpus:    local copy of nr_cpu_ids
+ * @capacity:   max objs can be managed by one objpool_slot
+ * @gfp:        gfp flags for kmalloc & vmalloc
+ * @ref:        refcount of objpool
+ * @flags:      flags for objpool management
+ * @cpu_slots:  pointer to the array of objpool_slot
+ * @release:    resource cleanup callback
+ * @context:    caller-provided context
+ */
+struct objpool_head {
+	int                     obj_size;
+	int                     nr_objs;
+	int                     nr_cpus;
+	int                     capacity;
+	gfp_t                   gfp;
+	refcount_t              ref;
+	unsigned long           flags;
+	struct objpool_slot   **cpu_slots;
+	objpool_fini_cb         release;
+	void                   *context;
+};
+
+#define OBJPOOL_NR_OBJECT_MAX	(1UL << 24) /* maximum numbers of total objects */
+#define OBJPOOL_OBJECT_SIZE_MAX	(1UL << 16) /* maximum size of an object */
+
+/**
+ * objpool_init() - initialize objpool and pre-allocated objects
+ * @pool:    the object pool to be initialized, declared by caller
+ * @nr_objs: total objects to be pre-allocated by this object pool
+ * @object_size: size of an object (should be > 0)
+ * @gfp:     flags for memory allocation (via kmalloc or vmalloc)
+ * @context: user context for object initialization callback
+ * @objinit: object initialization callback for extra setup
+ * @release: cleanup callback for extra cleanup task
+ *
+ * return value: 0 for success, otherwise error code
+ *
+ * All pre-allocated objects are to be zeroed after memory allocation.
+ * Caller could do extra initialization in objinit callback. objinit()
+ * will be called just after slot allocation and called only once for
+ * each object. After that the objpool won't touch any content of the
+ * objects. It's caller's duty to perform reinitialization after each
+ * pop (object allocation) or do clearance before each push (object
+ * reclamation).
+ */
+int objpool_init(struct objpool_head *pool, int nr_objs, int object_size,
+		 gfp_t gfp, void *context, objpool_init_obj_cb objinit,
+		 objpool_fini_cb release);
+
+/**
+ * objpool_pop() - allocate an object from objpool
+ * @pool: object pool
+ *
+ * return value: object ptr or NULL if failed
+ */
+void *objpool_pop(struct objpool_head *pool);
+
+/**
+ * objpool_push() - reclaim the object and return back to objpool
+ * @obj:  object ptr to be pushed to objpool
+ * @pool: object pool
+ *
+ * return: 0 or error code (it fails only when user tries to push
+ * the same object multiple times or wrong "objects" into objpool)
+ */
+int objpool_push(void *obj, struct objpool_head *pool);
+
+/**
+ * objpool_drop() - discard the object and deref objpool
+ * @obj:  object ptr to be discarded
+ * @pool: object pool
+ *
+ * return: 0 if objpool was released; -EAGAIN if there are still
+ *         outstanding objects
+ *
+ * objpool_drop is normally for the release of outstanding objects
+ * after objpool cleanup (objpool_fini). Thinking of this example:
+ * kretprobe is unregistered and objpool_fini() is called to release
+ * all remained objects, but there are still objects being used by
+ * unfinished kretprobes (like blockable function: sys_accept). So
+ * only when the last outstanding object is dropped could the whole
+ * objpool be released along with the call of objpool_drop()
+ */
+int objpool_drop(void *obj, struct objpool_head *pool);
+
+/**
+ * objpool_free() - release objpool forcely (all objects to be freed)
+ * @pool: object pool to be released
+ */
+void objpool_free(struct objpool_head *pool);
+
+/**
+ * objpool_fini() - deref object pool (also releasing unused objects)
+ * @pool: object pool to be dereferenced
+ *
+ * objpool_fini() will try to release all remained free objects and
+ * then drop an extra reference of the objpool. If all objects are
+ * already returned to objpool (so called synchronous use cases),
+ * the objpool itself will be freed together. But if there are still
+ * outstanding objects (so called asynchronous use cases, such like
+ * blockable kretprobe), the objpool won't be released until all
+ * the outstanding objects are dropped, but the caller must assure
+ * there are no concurrent objpool_push() on the fly. Normally RCU
+ * is being required to make sure all ongoing objpool_push() must
+ * be finished before calling objpool_fini(), so does kretprobes,
+ * rethook or test_objpool
+ */
+void objpool_fini(struct objpool_head *pool);
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_OBJPOOL_H */
diff --git a/lib/Makefile b/lib/Makefile
index 1ffae65bb7ee..7a84c922d9ff 100644
--- a/lib/Makefile
+++ b/lib/Makefile
@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@ lib-y := ctype.o string.o vsprintf.o cmdline.o \
  	 is_single_threaded.o plist.o decompress.o kobject_uevent.o \
  	 earlycpio.o seq_buf.o siphash.o dec_and_lock.o \
  	 nmi_backtrace.o win_minmax.o memcat_p.o \
-	 buildid.o
+	 buildid.o objpool.o

  lib-$(CONFIG_PRINTK) += dump_stack.o
  lib-$(CONFIG_SMP) += cpumask.o
diff --git a/lib/objpool.c b/lib/objpool.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..37a71e063f18
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/objpool.c
@@ -0,0 +1,280 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+#include <linux/objpool.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+#include <linux/atomic.h>
+#include <linux/irqflags.h>
+#include <linux/cpumask.h>
+#include <linux/log2.h>
+
+/*
+ * objpool: ring-array based lockless MPMC/FIFO queues
+ *
+ * Copyright: wuqiang.matt@...edance.com,mhiramat@...nel.org
+ */
+
+/* initialize percpu objpool_slot */
+static int
+objpool_init_percpu_slot(struct objpool_head *pool,
+			 struct objpool_slot *slot,
+			 int nodes, void *context,
+			 objpool_init_obj_cb objinit)
+{
+	void *obj = (void *)&slot->entries[pool->capacity];
+	int i;
+
+	/* initialize elements of percpu objpool_slot */
+	slot->mask = pool->capacity - 1;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < nodes; i++) {
+		if (objinit) {
+			int rc = objinit(obj, context);
+			if (rc)
+				return rc;
+		}
+		slot->entries[slot->tail & slot->mask] = obj;
+		obj = obj + pool->obj_size;
+		slot->tail++;
+		slot->last = slot->tail;
+		pool->nr_objs++;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* allocate and initialize percpu slots */
+static int
+objpool_init_percpu_slots(struct objpool_head *pool, int nr_objs,
+			  void *context, objpool_init_obj_cb objinit)
+{
+	int i, cpu_count = 0;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < pool->nr_cpus; i++) {
+
+		struct objpool_slot *slot;
+		int nodes, size, rc;
+
+		/* skip the cpu node which could never be present */
+		if (!cpu_possible(i))
+			continue;
+
+		/* compute how many objects to be allocated with this slot */
+		nodes = nr_objs / num_possible_cpus();
+		if (cpu_count < (nr_objs % num_possible_cpus()))
+			nodes++;
+		cpu_count++;
+
+		size = struct_size(slot, entries, pool->capacity) +
+			pool->obj_size * nodes;
+
+		/*
+		 * here we allocate percpu-slot & objs together in a single
+		 * allocation to make it more compact, taking advantage of
+		 * warm caches and TLB hits. in default vmalloc is used to
+		 * reduce the pressure of kernel slab system. as we know,
+		 * mimimal size of vmalloc is one page since vmalloc would
+		 * always align the requested size to page size
+		 */
+		if (pool->gfp & GFP_ATOMIC)
+			slot = kmalloc_node(size, pool->gfp, cpu_to_node(i));
+		else
+			slot = __vmalloc_node(size, sizeof(void *), pool->gfp,
+				cpu_to_node(i), __builtin_return_address(0));
+		if (!slot)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+		memset(slot, 0, size);
+		pool->cpu_slots[i] = slot;
+
+		/* initialize the objpool_slot of cpu node i */
+		rc = objpool_init_percpu_slot(pool, slot, nodes, context, objinit);
+		if (rc)
+			return rc;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* cleanup all percpu slots of the object pool */
+static void objpool_fini_percpu_slots(struct objpool_head *pool)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	if (!pool->cpu_slots)
+		return;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < pool->nr_cpus; i++)
+		kvfree(pool->cpu_slots[i]);
+	kfree(pool->cpu_slots);
+}
+
+/* initialize object pool and pre-allocate objects */
+int objpool_init(struct objpool_head *pool, int nr_objs, int object_size,
+		gfp_t gfp, void *context, objpool_init_obj_cb objinit,
+		objpool_fini_cb release)
+{
+	int rc, capacity, slot_size;
+
+	/* check input parameters */
+	if (nr_objs <= 0 || nr_objs > OBJPOOL_NR_OBJECT_MAX ||
+	    object_size <= 0 || object_size > OBJPOOL_OBJECT_SIZE_MAX)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* align up to unsigned long size */
+	object_size = ALIGN(object_size, sizeof(long));
+
+	/* calculate capacity of percpu objpool_slot */
+	capacity = roundup_pow_of_two(nr_objs);
+	if (!capacity)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* initialize objpool pool */
+	memset(pool, 0, sizeof(struct objpool_head));
+	pool->nr_cpus = nr_cpu_ids;
+	pool->obj_size = object_size;
+	pool->capacity = capacity;
+	pool->gfp = gfp & ~__GFP_ZERO;
+	pool->context = context;
+	pool->release = release;
+	slot_size = pool->nr_cpus * sizeof(struct objpool_slot);
+	pool->cpu_slots = kzalloc(slot_size, pool->gfp);
+	if (!pool->cpu_slots)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	/* initialize per-cpu slots */
+	rc = objpool_init_percpu_slots(pool, nr_objs, context, objinit);
+	if (rc)
+		objpool_fini_percpu_slots(pool);
+	else
+		refcount_set(&pool->ref, pool->nr_objs + 1);
+
+	return rc;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(objpool_init);
+
+/* adding object to slot, abort if the slot was already full */
+static inline int
+objpool_try_add_slot(void *obj, struct objpool_head *pool, int cpu)
+{
+	struct objpool_slot *slot = pool->cpu_slots[cpu];
+	uint32_t head, tail;
+
+	/* loading tail and head as a local snapshot, tail first */
+	tail = READ_ONCE(slot->tail);
+
+	do {
+		head = READ_ONCE(slot->head);
+		/* fault caught: something must be wrong */
+		WARN_ON_ONCE(tail - head > pool->nr_objs);
+	} while (!try_cmpxchg_acquire(&slot->tail, &tail, tail + 1));
+
+	/* now the tail position is reserved for the given obj */
+	WRITE_ONCE(slot->entries[tail & slot->mask], obj);
+	/* update sequence to make this obj available for pop() */
+	smp_store_release(&slot->last, tail + 1);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* reclaim an object to object pool */
+int objpool_push(void *obj, struct objpool_head *pool)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+	int rc;
+
+	/* disable local irq to avoid preemption & interruption */
+	raw_local_irq_save(flags);
+	rc = objpool_try_add_slot(obj, pool, raw_smp_processor_id());
+	raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+	return rc;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(objpool_push);
+
+/* try to retrieve object from slot */
+static inline void *objpool_try_get_slot(struct objpool_head *pool, int cpu)
+{
+	struct objpool_slot *slot = pool->cpu_slots[cpu];
+	/* load head snapshot, other cpus may change it */
+	uint32_t head = smp_load_acquire(&slot->head);
+
+	while (head != READ_ONCE(slot->last)) {
+		void *obj;
+
+		/* obj must be retrieved before moving forward head */
+		obj = READ_ONCE(slot->entries[head & slot->mask]);
+
+		/* move head forward to mark it's consumption */
+		if (try_cmpxchg_release(&slot->head, &head, head + 1))
+			return obj;
+	}
+
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+/* allocate an object from object pool */
+void *objpool_pop(struct objpool_head *pool)
+{
+	void *obj = NULL;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	int i, cpu;
+
+	/* disable local irq to avoid preemption & interruption */
+	raw_local_irq_save(flags);
+
+	cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();
+	for (i = 0; i < num_possible_cpus(); i++) {
+		obj = objpool_try_get_slot(pool, cpu);
+		if (obj)
+			break;
+		cpu = cpumask_next_wrap(cpu, cpu_possible_mask, -1, 1);
+	}
+	raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+	return obj;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(objpool_pop);
+
+/* release whole objpool forcely */
+void objpool_free(struct objpool_head *pool)
+{
+	if (!pool->cpu_slots)
+		return;
+
+	/* release percpu slots */
+	objpool_fini_percpu_slots(pool);
+
+	/* call user's cleanup callback if provided */
+	if (pool->release)
+		pool->release(pool, pool->context);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(objpool_free);
+
+/* drop the allocated object, rather reclaim it to objpool */
+int objpool_drop(void *obj, struct objpool_head *pool)
+{
+	if (!obj || !pool)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (refcount_dec_and_test(&pool->ref)) {
+		objpool_free(pool);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	return -EAGAIN;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(objpool_drop);
+
+/* drop unused objects and defref objpool for releasing */
+void objpool_fini(struct objpool_head *pool)
+{
+	int count = 1; /* extra ref for objpool itself */
+
+	/* drop all remained objects from objpool */
+	while (objpool_pop(pool))
+		count++;
+
+	if (refcount_sub_and_test(count, &pool->ref))
+		objpool_free(pool);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(objpool_fini);
-- 

Regards,
Wuqiang

On 2023/10/16 20:18, Masami Hiramatsu (Google) wrote:
> Hi Wuqiang,
> 
> On Mon, 16 Oct 2023 10:45:30 +0800
> "wuqiang.matt" <wuqiang.matt@...edance.com> wrote:
> 
>> On 2023/10/16 07:26, Masami Hiramatsu (Google) wrote:
>>> On Mon, 16 Oct 2023 00:06:11 +0800
>>> "wuqiang.matt" <wuqiang.matt@...edance.com> wrote:
>>>
>>>> On 2023/10/15 23:43, Masami Hiramatsu (Google) wrote:
>>>>> On Sun, 15 Oct 2023 13:32:47 +0800
>>>>> "wuqiang.matt" <wuqiang.matt@...edance.com> wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>>> objpool is a scalable implementation of high performance queue for
>>>>>> object allocation and reclamation, such as kretprobe instances.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> With leveraging percpu ring-array to mitigate hot spots of memory
>>>>>> contention, it delivers near-linear scalability for high parallel
>>>>>> scenarios. The objpool is best suited for the following cases:
>>>>>> 1) Memory allocation or reclamation are prohibited or too expensive
>>>>>> 2) Consumers are of different priorities, such as irqs and threads
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Limitations:
>>>>>> 1) Maximum objects (capacity) is fixed after objpool creation
>>>>>> 2) All pre-allocated objects are managed in percpu ring array,
>>>>>>       which consumes more memory than linked lists
>>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> Thanks for updating! This looks good to me except 2 points.
>>>>>
>>>>> [...]
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +/* initialize object pool and pre-allocate objects */
>>>>>> +int objpool_init(struct objpool_head *pool, int nr_objs, int object_size,
>>>>>> +		gfp_t gfp, void *context, objpool_init_obj_cb objinit,
>>>>>> +		objpool_fini_cb release)
>>>>>> +{
>>>>>> +	int rc, capacity, slot_size;
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +	/* check input parameters */
>>>>>> +	if (nr_objs <= 0 || nr_objs > OBJPOOL_NR_OBJECT_MAX ||
>>>>>> +	    object_size <= 0 || object_size > OBJPOOL_OBJECT_SIZE_MAX)
>>>>>> +		return -EINVAL;
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +	/* align up to unsigned long size */
>>>>>> +	object_size = ALIGN(object_size, sizeof(long));
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +	/* calculate capacity of percpu objpool_slot */
>>>>>> +	capacity = roundup_pow_of_two(nr_objs);
>>>>>
>>>>> This must be 'roundup_pow_of_two(nr_objs + 1)' because if nr_objs is power
>>>>> of 2 and all objects are pushed on the same slot, tail == head. This
>>>>> means empty and full is the same.
>>>>
>>>> That won't happen. Would tail and head wrap only when >= 2^32. When all
>>>> objects are pushed to the same slot, tail will be (head + capacity).
>>>
>>> Ah, indeed. OK.
>>>
>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>> +	if (!capacity)
>>>>>> +		return -EINVAL;
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +	/* initialize objpool pool */
>>>>>> +	memset(pool, 0, sizeof(struct objpool_head));
>>>>>> +	pool->nr_cpus = nr_cpu_ids;
>>>>>> +	pool->obj_size = object_size;
>>>>>> +	pool->capacity = capacity;
>>>>>> +	pool->gfp = gfp & ~__GFP_ZERO;
>>>>>> +	pool->context = context;
>>>>>> +	pool->release = release;
>>>>>> +	slot_size = pool->nr_cpus * sizeof(struct objpool_slot);
>>>>>> +	pool->cpu_slots = kzalloc(slot_size, pool->gfp);
>>>>>> +	if (!pool->cpu_slots)
>>>>>> +		return -ENOMEM;
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +	/* initialize per-cpu slots */
>>>>>> +	rc = objpool_init_percpu_slots(pool, nr_objs, context, objinit);
>>>>>> +	if (rc)
>>>>>> +		objpool_fini_percpu_slots(pool);
>>>>>> +	else
>>>>>> +		refcount_set(&pool->ref, pool->nr_objs + 1);
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +	return rc;
>>>>>> +}
>>>>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(objpool_init);
>>>>>> +
>>>>>
>>>>> [...]
>>>>>
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +/* drop unused objects and defref objpool for releasing */
>>>>>> +void objpool_fini(struct objpool_head *pool)
>>>>>> +{
>>>>>> +	void *obj;
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +	do {
>>>>>> +		/* grab object from objpool and drop it */
>>>>>> +		obj = objpool_pop(pool);
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +		/*
>>>>>> +		 * drop reference of objpool anyway even if
>>>>>> +		 * the obj is NULL, since one extra ref upon
>>>>>> +		 * objpool was already grabbed during pool
>>>>>> +		 * initialization in objpool_init()
>>>>>> +		 */
>>>>>> +		if (refcount_dec_and_test(&pool->ref))
>>>>>> +			objpool_free(pool);
>>>>>
>>>>> Nit: you can call objpool_drop() instead of repeating the same thing here.
>>>>
>>>> objpool_drop won't deref objpool if given obj is NULL. But here we need
>>>> drop objpool anyway even if obj is NULL.
>>>
>>> I guess you decrement for the 'objpool' itself if obj=NULL, but I think
>>> it is a bit hacky (so you added the comment).
>>> e.g. rethook is doing something like below.
>>>
>>> ---
>>> /* extra count for this pool itself */
>>> count = 1;
>>> /* make the pool empty */
>>> while (objpool_pop(pool))
>>> 	count++;
>>>
>>> if (refcount_sub_and_test(count, &pool->ref))
>>> 	objpool_free(pool);
>>> ---
>>
>> Right, that's reasonable. Better one single atomic operation than multiple.
> 
> I found another comment issue about a small window which this may not work.
> This is not a real issue for this series because this doesn't happen on
> rethook/kretprobe, but if you apply this to other use-case, it must be
> cared.
> 
> Since we use reserve-commit on 'push' operation, this 'pop' loop will miss
> an object which is under 'push' op. I mean
> 
> CPU0                    CPU1
> 
> objpool_fini() {
> do {
>                           objpool_push() {
>                              update slot->tail; // reserve
>    obj = objpool_pop();
>                              update slot->last;  // commit
> } while (obj);
> 
> In this case, the refcount can not be 0 and we can not release objpool.
> To avoid this, we make sure all ongoing 'push()' must be finished.
> 
> Actually in the rethook/kretprobe, it already sync the rcu so this doesn't
> happen. So you should document it the user must use RCU sync after stop
> using the objpool, then call objpool_fini().
> 
> E.g.
> 
> start_using() {
> objpool_init();
> active = true;
> }
> 
> obj_alloc() {
> rcu_read_lock();
> if (active)
> 	obj = objpool_pop();
> else
> 	obj = NULL;
> rcu_read_unlock();
> }
> 
> /* use obj for something, it is OK to change the context */
> 
> obj_return() {
> rcu_read_lock();
> if (active)
> 	objpool_push(obj);
> else
> 	objpool_drop(obj);
> rcu_read_unlock();
> }
> 
> /* kretprobe style */
> stop_using() {
> active = false;
> synchronize_rcu();
> objpool_fini();
> }
> 
> /* rethook style */
> stop_using() {
> active = false;
> call_rcu(objpool_fini);
> }
> 
> Hmm, yeah, if we can add this 'active' flag to objpool, it is good. But
> since kretprobe has different design of the interface, it is hard.
> Anyway, can you add a comment that user must ensure that any 'push' including
> ongoing one does not happen while 'fini'? objpool does not care that so user
> must take care of that. For example using rcu_read_lock() for the 'push/pop'
> operation and rcu-sync before 'fini' operation.
> 
> Thanks,
> 
>>
>>>>
>>>>> Thank you,
>>>>>
>>>>>> +	} while (obj);
>>>>>> +}
>>>>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(objpool_fini);
>>>>>> -- 
>>>>>> 2.40.1
>>>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Thanks for your time
>>>>
>>>>
>>>
>>>
>>
> 
> 

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