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Date:   Wed, 25 Oct 2023 10:25:11 -0500
From:   Mario Limonciello <mario.limonciello@....com>
To:     Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Hans de Goede <hdegoede@...hat.com>, kys@...rosoft.com,
        hpa@...ux.intel.com, dlazar@...il.com
Cc:     x86@...nel.org, LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
        "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@...nel.org>
Subject: Re: PIC probing code from e179f6914152 failing

On 10/25/2023 09:41, Mario Limonciello wrote:
> On 10/25/2023 04:23, Thomas Gleixner wrote:
>> On Mon, Oct 23 2023 at 17:59, Thomas Gleixner wrote:
>>> On Thu, Oct 19 2023 at 16:20, Mario Limonciello wrote:
>>>>    struct legacy_pic null_legacy_pic = {
>>>> -       .nr_legacy_irqs = 0,
>>>> +       .nr_legacy_irqs = 1,
>>>>           .chip = &dummy_irq_chip,
>>>>           .mask = legacy_pic_uint_noop,
>>>>           .unmask = legacy_pic_uint_noop,
>>>>
>>>> I think it's cleaner than changing all the places that use
>>>> nr_legacy_irqs().
>>>
>>> No. It's not cleaner. It's a hack and you still need to audit all places
>>> which depend on nr_legacy_irqs(). Also why '1'? You could as well use
>>> '16', no?
>>
>> So I sat down and did a thorough analysis of legacy PIC dependencies.
>>
>> Unfortunately this is an unholy mess and sprinkled all over the place,
>> so there is no trivial way to resolve this quickly. This needs a proper
>> overhaul to decouple the actual PIC driver selection from the fact that
>> the kernel runs on a i8259 equipped hardware and therefore needs to
>> honour the legacy PNP overrides etc.
>>
>> The probing itself is to stay in order to avoid sprinkling weird
>> conditions and NULL PIC selections all over the place.
>>
>> It could be argued that the probe function should try to initialize the
>> PIC, but that's overkill for scenarios where the PIC does not exist.
>>
>> Though it turns out that ACPI/MADT is helpful here because the MADT
>> header has a flags field which denotes in bit 0, whether the system has
>> a 8259 setup or not.
>>
>> This allows to override the probe for now until we actually resolved the
>> dependency problems in a clean way.
>>
>> Untested patch below.
> 
> +David from the bugzilla.
> 
> I checked his acpidump and I do think this will work for him.
> 
> [024h 0036   4]           Local Apic Address : FEE00000
> [028h 0040   4]        Flags (decoded below) : 00000001
>                           PC-AT Compatibility : 1
> 
> 
> David - can you see if the below helps your hardware?

FYI, David confirmed this works for fixing his hardware, thanks.

https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=218003#c84

> 
>>
>> Thanks,
>>
>>          tglx
>> ---
>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/i8259.h
>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/i8259.h
>> @@ -69,6 +69,8 @@ struct legacy_pic {
>>       void (*make_irq)(unsigned int irq);
>>   };
>> +void legacy_pic_pcat_compat(void);
>> +
>>   extern struct legacy_pic *legacy_pic;
>>   extern struct legacy_pic null_legacy_pic;
>> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/acpi/boot.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/acpi/boot.c
>> @@ -148,6 +148,9 @@ static int __init acpi_parse_madt(struct
>>           pr_debug("Local APIC address 0x%08x\n", madt->address);
>>       }
>> +    if (madt->flags & ACPI_MADT_PCAT_COMPAT)
>> +        legacy_pic_pcat_compat();
>> +
>>       /* ACPI 6.3 and newer support the online capable bit. */
>>       if (acpi_gbl_FADT.header.revision > 6 ||
>>           (acpi_gbl_FADT.header.revision == 6 &&
>> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/i8259.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/i8259.c
>> @@ -32,6 +32,7 @@
>>    */
>>   static void init_8259A(int auto_eoi);
>> +static bool pcat_compat __ro_after_init;
>>   static int i8259A_auto_eoi;
>>   DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(i8259A_lock);
>> @@ -299,15 +300,32 @@ static void unmask_8259A(void)
>>   static int probe_8259A(void)
>>   {
>> +    unsigned char new_val, probe_val = ~(1 << PIC_CASCADE_IR);
>>       unsigned long flags;
>> -    unsigned char probe_val = ~(1 << PIC_CASCADE_IR);
>> -    unsigned char new_val;
>> +
>> +    /*
>> +     * If MADT has the PCAT_COMPAT flag set, then do not bother probing
>> +     * for the PIC. Some BIOSes leave the PIC uninitialized and probing
>> +     * fails.
>> +     *
>> +     * Right now this causes problems as quite some code depends on
>> +     * nr_legacy_irqs() > 0 or has_legacy_pic() == true. This is silly
>> +     * when the system has an IO/APIC because then PIC is not required
>> +     * at all, except for really old machines where the timer interrupt
>> +     * must be routed through the PIC. So just pretend that the PIC is
>> +     * there and let legacy_pic->init() initialize it for nothing.
>> +     *
>> +     * Alternatively this could just try to initialize the PIC and
>> +     * repeat the probe, but for cases where there is no PIC that's
>> +     * just pointless.
>> +     */
>> +    if (pcat_compat)
>> +        return nr_legacy_irqs();
>> +
>>       /*
>> -     * Check to see if we have a PIC.
>> -     * Mask all except the cascade and read
>> -     * back the value we just wrote. If we don't
>> -     * have a PIC, we will read 0xff as opposed to the
>> -     * value we wrote.
>> +     * Check to see if we have a PIC.  Mask all except the cascade and
>> +     * read back the value we just wrote. If we don't have a PIC, we
>> +     * will read 0xff as opposed to the value we wrote.
>>        */
>>       raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&i8259A_lock, flags);
>> @@ -429,5 +447,9 @@ static int __init i8259A_init_ops(void)
>>       return 0;
>>   }
>> -
>>   device_initcall(i8259A_init_ops);
>> +
>> +void __init legacy_pic_pcat_compat(void)
>> +{
>> +    pcat_compat = true;
>> +}
>>
> 

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