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Date:   Mon, 30 Oct 2023 14:23:03 -0700
From:   Reinette Chatre <reinette.chatre@...el.com>
To:     Tony Luck <tony.luck@...el.com>, Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@...el.com>,
        "Peter Newman" <peternewman@...gle.com>,
        Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>,
        "Shuah Khan" <skhan@...uxfoundation.org>, <x86@...nel.org>
CC:     Shaopeng Tan <tan.shaopeng@...itsu.com>,
        James Morse <james.morse@....com>,
        Jamie Iles <quic_jiles@...cinc.com>,
        Babu Moger <babu.moger@....com>,
        Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@...radead.org>,
        <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, <linux-doc@...r.kernel.org>,
        <patches@...ts.linux.dev>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v9 7/8] x86/resctrl: Sub NUMA Cluster detection and enable

Hi Tony,

On 10/20/2023 2:30 PM, Tony Luck wrote:
> There isn't a simple h/w bit that indicates whether a CPU is

"h/w" -> hardware

> running in Sub NUMA Cluster (SNC) mode. Infer the state by comparing
> the ratio of NUMA nodes to L3 cache instances.
> 
> When SNC mode is detected, reconfigure the RMID counters by updating
> the MSR_RMID_SNC_CONFIG MSR on each socket as CPUs are seen.
> 
> Clearing bit zero of the MSR divides the RMIDs and renumbers the ones
> on the second SNC node to start from zero. An earlier commit includes

Please drop the "earlier commit" reference.

> all the required changes in Linux to operate in this reconfigured mode.
> 
> Reviewed-by: Peter Newman <peternewman@...gle.com>
> Signed-off-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@...el.com>
> ---
> Changes since v6:
> 
> Moved kfree(node_caches); earlier, to the earliest point where it
> is no longer needed.
> 
> Added Granite Rapids to list of CPU models that support SNC mode.
> 
> Added Peter's review tag
> 
>  arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h   |  1 +
>  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/resctrl/core.c | 92 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  2 files changed, 93 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
> index e3fa9cecd599..4285a5ee81fe 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
> @@ -1109,6 +1109,7 @@
>  #define MSR_IA32_QM_CTR			0xc8e
>  #define MSR_IA32_PQR_ASSOC		0xc8f
>  #define MSR_IA32_L3_CBM_BASE		0xc90
> +#define MSR_RMID_SNC_CONFIG		0xca0
>  #define MSR_IA32_L2_CBM_BASE		0xd10
>  #define MSR_IA32_MBA_THRTL_BASE		0xd50
>  
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/resctrl/core.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/resctrl/core.c
> index 0e418dd14070..ac187eb0440f 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/resctrl/core.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/resctrl/core.c
> @@ -16,11 +16,14 @@
>  
>  #define pr_fmt(fmt)	"resctrl: " fmt
>  
> +#include <linux/cpu.h>
>  #include <linux/slab.h>
>  #include <linux/err.h>
>  #include <linux/cacheinfo.h>
>  #include <linux/cpuhotplug.h>
> +#include <linux/mod_devicetable.h>
>  
> +#include <asm/cpu_device_id.h>
>  #include <asm/intel-family.h>
>  #include <asm/resctrl.h>
>  #include "internal.h"
> @@ -755,11 +758,42 @@ static void clear_closid_rmid(int cpu)
>  	wrmsr(MSR_IA32_PQR_ASSOC, 0, 0);
>  }
>  
> +/*
> + * The power-on reset value of MSR_RMID_SNC_CONFIG is 0x1
> + * which indicates that RMIDs are configured in legacy mode.
> + * This mode is incompatible with Linux resctrl semantics
> + * as RMIDs are partitioned between SNC nodes, which requires
> + * a user to know which RMID is allocated to a task.
> + * Clearing bit 0 reconfigures the RMID counters for use
> + * in Sub NUMA Cluster mode. This mode is better for Linux.
> + * The RMID space is divided between all SNC nodes with the
> + * RMIDs renumbered to start from zero in each node when
> + * couning operations from tasks. Code to read the counters
> + * must adjust RMID counnter numbers based on SNC node. See

counnter -> counter

> + * __rmid_read() for code that does this.
> + */
> +static void snc_remap_rmids(int cpu)
> +{
> +	u64 val;
> +
> +	/* Only need to enable once per package. */
> +	if (cpumask_first(topology_core_cpumask(cpu)) != cpu)
> +		return;
> +
> +	rdmsrl(MSR_RMID_SNC_CONFIG, val);
> +	val &= ~BIT_ULL(0);
> +	wrmsrl(MSR_RMID_SNC_CONFIG, val);
> +}
> +
>  static int resctrl_online_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
>  {
>  	struct rdt_resource *r;
>  
>  	mutex_lock(&rdtgroup_mutex);
> +
> +	if (snc_nodes_per_l3_cache > 1)
> +		snc_remap_rmids(cpu);
> +
>  	for_each_capable_rdt_resource(r)
>  		domain_add_cpu(cpu, r);
>  	/* The cpu is set in default rdtgroup after online. */
> @@ -1014,11 +1048,69 @@ static __init bool get_rdt_resources(void)
>  	return (rdt_mon_capable || rdt_alloc_capable);
>  }
>  
> +/* CPU models that support MSR_RMID_SNC_CONFIG */
> +static const struct x86_cpu_id snc_cpu_ids[] __initconst = {
> +	X86_MATCH_INTEL_FAM6_MODEL(ICELAKE_X, 0),
> +	X86_MATCH_INTEL_FAM6_MODEL(SAPPHIRERAPIDS_X, 0),
> +	X86_MATCH_INTEL_FAM6_MODEL(EMERALDRAPIDS_X, 0),
> +	X86_MATCH_INTEL_FAM6_MODEL(GRANITERAPIDS_X, 0),
> +	{}
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * There isn't a simple h/w bit that indicates whether a CPU is running

h/w -> hardware

> + * in Sub NUMA Cluster (SNC) mode. Infer the state by comparing the
> + * ratio of NUMA nodes to L3 cache instances.
> + * It is not possible to accurately determine SNC state if the system is
> + * booted with a maxcpus=N parameter. That distorts the ratio of SNC nodes

Can the user be warned when SNC state cannot be determined accurately? 

> + * to L3 caches. It will be OK if system is booted with hyperthreading
> + * disabled (since this doesn't affect the ratio).
> + */
> +static __init int snc_get_config(void)
> +{
> +	unsigned long *node_caches;
> +	int mem_only_nodes = 0;
> +	int cpu, node, ret;
> +	int num_l3_caches;
> +
> +	if (!x86_match_cpu(snc_cpu_ids))
> +		return 1;
> +
> +	node_caches = bitmap_zalloc(nr_node_ids, GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!node_caches)
> +		return 1;
> +
> +	cpus_read_lock();
> +	for_each_node(node) {
> +		cpu = cpumask_first(cpumask_of_node(node));
> +		if (cpu < nr_cpu_ids)
> +			set_bit(get_cpu_cacheinfo_id(cpu, 3), node_caches);
> +		else
> +			mem_only_nodes++;
> +	}
> +	cpus_read_unlock();
> +
> +	num_l3_caches = bitmap_weight(node_caches, nr_node_ids);
> +	kfree(node_caches);
> +
> +	if (!num_l3_caches)
> +		return 1;
> +
> +	ret = (nr_node_ids - mem_only_nodes) / num_l3_caches;
> +
> +	if (ret > 1)
> +		rdt_resources_all[RDT_RESOURCE_L3].r_resctrl.mon_scope = RESCTRL_NODE;
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
>  static __init void rdt_init_res_defs_intel(void)
>  {
>  	struct rdt_hw_resource *hw_res;
>  	struct rdt_resource *r;
>  
> +	snc_nodes_per_l3_cache = snc_get_config();
> +
>  	for_each_rdt_resource(r) {
>  		hw_res = resctrl_to_arch_res(r);
>  

Reinette

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