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Date:   Mon, 30 Oct 2023 07:39:39 +0100
From:   Cédric Le Goater <clegoate@...hat.com>
To:     Longfang Liu <liulongfang@...wei.com>, alex.williamson@...hat.com,
        jgg@...dia.com, shameerali.kolothum.thodi@...wei.com,
        jonathan.cameron@...wei.com
Cc:     bcreeley@....com, kvm@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linuxarm@...neuler.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v18 1/2] vfio/migration: Add debugfs to live migration
 driver

On 10/28/23 09:54, Longfang Liu wrote:
> There are multiple devices, software and operational steps involved
> in the process of live migration. An error occurred on any node may
> cause the live migration operation to fail.
> This complex process makes it very difficult to locate and analyze
> the cause when the function fails.
> 
> In order to quickly locate the cause of the problem when the
> live migration fails, I added a set of debugfs to the vfio
> live migration driver.
> 
>      +-------------------------------------------+
>      |                                           |
>      |                                           |
>      |                  QEMU                     |
>      |                                           |
>      |                                           |
>      +---+----------------------------+----------+
>          |      ^                     |      ^
>          |      |                     |      |
>          |      |                     |      |
>          v      |                     v      |
>       +---------+--+               +---------+--+
>       |src vfio_dev|               |dst vfio_dev|
>       +--+---------+               +--+---------+
>          |      ^                     |      ^
>          |      |                     |      |
>          v      |                     |      |
>     +-----------+----+           +-----------+----+
>     |src dev debugfs |           |dst dev debugfs |
>     +----------------+           +----------------+
> 
> The entire debugfs directory will be based on the definition of
> the CONFIG_DEBUG_FS macro. If this macro is not enabled, the
> interfaces in vfio.h will be empty definitions, and the creation
> and initialization of the debugfs directory will not be executed.
> 
>     vfio
>      |
>      +---<dev_name1>
>      |    +---migration
>      |        +--state
>      |
>      +---<dev_name2>
>           +---migration
>               +--state
> 
> debugfs will create a public root directory "vfio" file.
> then create a dev_name() file for each live migration device.
> First, create a unified state acquisition file of "migration"
> in this device directory.
> Then, create a public live migration state lookup file "state".
> 
> Signed-off-by: Longfang Liu <liulongfang@...wei.com>


Reviewed-by: Cédric Le Goater <clg@...hat.com>

Thanks,

C.


> ---
>   drivers/vfio/Kconfig      | 10 +++++
>   drivers/vfio/Makefile     |  1 +
>   drivers/vfio/debugfs.c    | 90 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>   drivers/vfio/vfio.h       | 14 ++++++
>   drivers/vfio/vfio_main.c  |  4 ++
>   include/linux/vfio.h      |  7 +++
>   include/uapi/linux/vfio.h |  1 +
>   7 files changed, 127 insertions(+)
>   create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/debugfs.c
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/Kconfig b/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
> index 6bda6dbb4878..ceae52fd7586 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
> @@ -80,6 +80,16 @@ config VFIO_VIRQFD
>   	select EVENTFD
>   	default n
>   
> +config VFIO_DEBUGFS
> +	bool "Export VFIO internals in DebugFS"
> +	depends on DEBUG_FS
> +	help
> +	  Allows exposure of VFIO device internals. This option enables
> +	  the use of debugfs by VFIO drivers as required. The device can
> +	  cause the VFIO code create a top-level debug/vfio directory
> +	  during initialization, and then populate a subdirectory with
> +	  entries as required.
> +
>   source "drivers/vfio/pci/Kconfig"
>   source "drivers/vfio/platform/Kconfig"
>   source "drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig"
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/Makefile b/drivers/vfio/Makefile
> index c82ea032d352..d43a699d55b1 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/Makefile
> @@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ vfio-$(CONFIG_VFIO_GROUP) += group.o
>   vfio-$(CONFIG_IOMMUFD) += iommufd.o
>   vfio-$(CONFIG_VFIO_CONTAINER) += container.o
>   vfio-$(CONFIG_VFIO_VIRQFD) += virqfd.o
> +vfio-$(CONFIG_VFIO_DEBUGFS) += debugfs.o
>   
>   obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_IOMMU_TYPE1) += vfio_iommu_type1.o
>   obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_IOMMU_SPAPR_TCE) += vfio_iommu_spapr_tce.o
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/debugfs.c b/drivers/vfio/debugfs.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..9f02ae15e084
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/debugfs.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,90 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> +/*
> + * Copyright (c) 2023, HiSilicon Ltd.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/debugfs.h>
> +#include <linux/seq_file.h>
> +#include <linux/vfio.h>
> +#include "vfio.h"
> +
> +static struct dentry *vfio_debugfs_root;
> +
> +static int vfio_device_state_read(struct seq_file *seq, void *data)
> +{
> +	struct device *vf_dev = seq->private;
> +	struct vfio_device *vdev = container_of(vf_dev, struct vfio_device, device);
> +	enum vfio_device_mig_state state;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	BUILD_BUG_ON(VFIO_DEVICE_STATE_NR !=
> +		VFIO_DEVICE_STATE_PRE_COPY_P2P + 1);
> +
> +	ret = vdev->mig_ops->migration_get_state(vdev, &state);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	switch (state) {
> +	case VFIO_DEVICE_STATE_ERROR:
> +		seq_puts(seq, "ERROR\n");
> +		break;
> +	case VFIO_DEVICE_STATE_STOP:
> +		seq_puts(seq, "STOP\n");
> +		break;
> +	case VFIO_DEVICE_STATE_RUNNING:
> +		seq_puts(seq, "RUNNING\n");
> +		break;
> +	case VFIO_DEVICE_STATE_STOP_COPY:
> +		seq_puts(seq, "STOP_COPY\n");
> +		break;
> +	case VFIO_DEVICE_STATE_RESUMING:
> +		seq_puts(seq, "RESUMING\n");
> +		break;
> +	case VFIO_DEVICE_STATE_RUNNING_P2P:
> +		seq_puts(seq, "RUNNING_P2P\n");
> +		break;
> +	case VFIO_DEVICE_STATE_PRE_COPY:
> +		seq_puts(seq, "PRE_COPY\n");
> +		break;
> +	case VFIO_DEVICE_STATE_PRE_COPY_P2P:
> +		seq_puts(seq, "PRE_COPY_P2P\n");
> +		break;
> +	default:
> +		seq_puts(seq, "Invalid\n");
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +void vfio_device_debugfs_init(struct vfio_device *vdev)
> +{
> +	struct device *dev = &vdev->device;
> +
> +	vdev->debug_root = debugfs_create_dir(dev_name(vdev->dev), vfio_debugfs_root);
> +
> +	if (vdev->mig_ops) {
> +		struct dentry *vfio_dev_migration = NULL;
> +
> +		vfio_dev_migration = debugfs_create_dir("migration", vdev->debug_root);
> +		debugfs_create_devm_seqfile(dev, "state", vfio_dev_migration,
> +					  vfio_device_state_read);
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +void vfio_device_debugfs_exit(struct vfio_device *vdev)
> +{
> +	debugfs_remove_recursive(vdev->debug_root);
> +}
> +
> +void vfio_debugfs_create_root(void)
> +{
> +	vfio_debugfs_root = debugfs_create_dir("vfio", NULL);
> +}
> +
> +void vfio_debugfs_remove_root(void)
> +{
> +	debugfs_remove_recursive(vfio_debugfs_root);
> +	vfio_debugfs_root = NULL;
> +}
> +
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.h b/drivers/vfio/vfio.h
> index 307e3f29b527..bde84ad344e5 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.h
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.h
> @@ -448,4 +448,18 @@ static inline void vfio_device_put_kvm(struct vfio_device *device)
>   }
>   #endif
>   
> +#ifdef CONFIG_VFIO_DEBUGFS
> +void vfio_debugfs_create_root(void);
> +void vfio_debugfs_remove_root(void);
> +
> +void vfio_device_debugfs_init(struct vfio_device *vdev);
> +void vfio_device_debugfs_exit(struct vfio_device *vdev);
> +#else
> +static inline void vfio_debugfs_create_root(void) { }
> +static inline void vfio_debugfs_remove_root(void) { }
> +
> +static inline void vfio_device_debugfs_init(struct vfio_device *vdev) { }
> +static inline void vfio_device_debugfs_exit(struct vfio_device *vdev) { }
> +#endif /* CONFIG_VFIO_DEBUGFS */
> +
>   #endif
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_main.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_main.c
> index e31e1952d7b8..94f02b6891ac 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_main.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_main.c
> @@ -311,6 +311,7 @@ static int __vfio_register_dev(struct vfio_device *device,
>   	refcount_set(&device->refcount, 1);
>   
>   	vfio_device_group_register(device);
> +	vfio_device_debugfs_init(device);
>   
>   	return 0;
>   err_out:
> @@ -378,6 +379,7 @@ void vfio_unregister_group_dev(struct vfio_device *device)
>   		}
>   	}
>   
> +	vfio_device_debugfs_exit(device);
>   	/* Balances vfio_device_set_group in register path */
>   	vfio_device_remove_group(device);
>   }
> @@ -1676,6 +1678,7 @@ static int __init vfio_init(void)
>   	if (ret)
>   		goto err_alloc_dev_chrdev;
>   
> +	vfio_debugfs_create_root();
>   	pr_info(DRIVER_DESC " version: " DRIVER_VERSION "\n");
>   	return 0;
>   
> @@ -1691,6 +1694,7 @@ static int __init vfio_init(void)
>   
>   static void __exit vfio_cleanup(void)
>   {
> +	vfio_debugfs_remove_root();
>   	ida_destroy(&vfio.device_ida);
>   	vfio_cdev_cleanup();
>   	class_destroy(vfio.device_class);
> diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
> index 454e9295970c..769d7af86225 100644
> --- a/include/linux/vfio.h
> +++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
> @@ -69,6 +69,13 @@ struct vfio_device {
>   	u8 iommufd_attached:1;
>   #endif
>   	u8 cdev_opened:1;
> +#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
> +	/*
> +	 * debug_root is a static property of the vfio_device
> +	 * which must be set prior to registering the vfio_device.
> +	 */
> +	struct dentry *debug_root;
> +#endif
>   };
>   
>   /**
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> index 7f5fb010226d..2b68e6cdf190 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> @@ -1219,6 +1219,7 @@ enum vfio_device_mig_state {
>   	VFIO_DEVICE_STATE_RUNNING_P2P = 5,
>   	VFIO_DEVICE_STATE_PRE_COPY = 6,
>   	VFIO_DEVICE_STATE_PRE_COPY_P2P = 7,
> +	VFIO_DEVICE_STATE_NR,
>   };
>   
>   /**

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