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Date:   Wed, 01 Nov 2023 13:33:51 +0100
From:   Hao Sun <sunhao.th@...il.com>
To:     Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        John Fastabend <john.fastabend@...il.com>,
        Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@...nel.org>,
        Martin KaFai Lau <martin.lau@...ux.dev>,
        Song Liu <song@...nel.org>,
        Yonghong Song <yonghong.song@...ux.dev>,
        KP Singh <kpsingh@...nel.org>,
        Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@...gle.com>,
        Hao Luo <haoluo@...gle.com>, Jiri Olsa <jolsa@...nel.org>,
        Mykola Lysenko <mykolal@...com>, Shuah Khan <shuah@...nel.org>,
        Eduard Zingerman <eddyz87@...il.com>,
        Shung-Hsi Yu <shung-hsi.yu@...e.com>
Cc:     bpf@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-kselftest@...r.kernel.org, Hao Sun <sunhao.th@...il.com>,
        stable@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH bpf v3 1/2] bpf: Fix check_stack_write_fixed_off() to
 correctly spill imm

In check_stack_write_fixed_off(), imm value is cast to u32 before being
spilled to the stack. Therefore, the sign information is lost, and the
range information is incorrect when load from the stack again.

For the following prog:
0: r2 = r10
1: *(u64*)(r2 -40) = -44
2: r0 = *(u64*)(r2 - 40)
3: if r0 s<= 0xa goto +2
4: r0 = 1
5: exit
6: r0  = 0
7: exit

The verifier gives:
func#0 @0
0: R1=ctx(off=0,imm=0) R10=fp0
0: (bf) r2 = r10                      ; R2_w=fp0 R10=fp0
1: (7a) *(u64 *)(r2 -40) = -44        ; R2_w=fp0 fp-40_w=4294967252
2: (79) r0 = *(u64 *)(r2 -40)         ; R0_w=4294967252 R2_w=fp0
fp-40_w=4294967252
3: (c5) if r0 s< 0xa goto pc+2
mark_precise: frame0: last_idx 3 first_idx 0 subseq_idx -1
mark_precise: frame0: regs=r0 stack= before 2: (79) r0 = *(u64 *)(r2 -40)
3: R0_w=4294967252
4: (b7) r0 = 1                        ; R0_w=1
5: (95) exit
verification time 7971 usec
stack depth 40
processed 6 insns (limit 1000000) max_states_per_insn 0 total_states 0
peak_states 0 mark_read 0

So remove the incorrect cast, since imm field is declared as s32, and
__mark_reg_known() takes u64, so imm would be correctly sign extended
by compiler.

Fixes: ecdf985d7615 ("bpf: track immediate values written to stack by BPF_ST instruction")
Cc: stable@...r.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Hao Sun <sunhao.th@...il.com>
Acked-by: Shung-Hsi Yu <shung-hsi.yu@...e.com>
Acked-by: Eduard Zingerman <eddyz87@...il.com>
---
 kernel/bpf/verifier.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
index 857d76694517..44af69ce1301 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
@@ -4674,7 +4674,7 @@ static int check_stack_write_fixed_off(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
 		   insn->imm != 0 && env->bpf_capable) {
 		struct bpf_reg_state fake_reg = {};
 
-		__mark_reg_known(&fake_reg, (u32)insn->imm);
+		__mark_reg_known(&fake_reg, insn->imm);
 		fake_reg.type = SCALAR_VALUE;
 		save_register_state(state, spi, &fake_reg, size);
 	} else if (reg && is_spillable_regtype(reg->type)) {

-- 
2.34.1

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