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Date:   Thu,  9 Nov 2023 15:59:26 -0800
From:   Namhyung Kim <namhyung@...nel.org>
To:     Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@...nel.org>,
        Jiri Olsa <jolsa@...nel.org>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
Cc:     Ian Rogers <irogers@...gle.com>,
        Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@...el.com>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>,
        LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-perf-users@...r.kernel.org,
        Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>,
        Stephane Eranian <eranian@...gle.com>,
        Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@...nel.org>,
        Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>,
        linux-trace-devel@...r.kernel.org, linux-toolchains@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH 07/52] perf dwarf-aux: Add die_find_variable_by_reg() helper

The die_find_variable_by_reg() will search for a variable or a parameter
sub-DIE in the given scope DIE where the location matches to the given
register.

For the simpliest and most common case, memory access usually happens
with a base register and an offset to the field so the register would
hold a pointer in a variable or function parameter.  Then we can find
one if it has a location expression at the (instruction) address.  So
this function only handles such a simple case for now.

In this case, the expression would have a DW_OP_regN operation where
N < 32.  If the register index (N) is greater than or equal to 32,
DW_OP_regx operation with an operand which saves the value for the N
would be used.  It would reject expressions with more operations.

Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu (Google) <mhiramat@...nel.org>
Signed-off-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@...nel.org>
---
 tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.c | 67 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.h | 12 +++++++
 2 files changed, 79 insertions(+)

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.c b/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.c
index 10aa32334d6f..652e6e7368a2 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.c
@@ -1245,6 +1245,73 @@ int die_get_var_range(Dwarf_Die *sp_die, Dwarf_Die *vr_die, struct strbuf *buf)
 out:
 	return ret;
 }
+
+/* Interval parameters for __die_find_var_reg_cb() */
+struct find_var_data {
+	/* Target instruction address */
+	Dwarf_Addr pc;
+	/* Target register */
+	unsigned reg;
+};
+
+/* Max number of registers DW_OP_regN supports */
+#define DWARF_OP_DIRECT_REGS  32
+
+/* Only checks direct child DIEs in the given scope. */
+static int __die_find_var_reg_cb(Dwarf_Die *die_mem, void *arg)
+{
+	struct find_var_data *data = arg;
+	int tag = dwarf_tag(die_mem);
+	ptrdiff_t off = 0;
+	Dwarf_Attribute attr;
+	Dwarf_Addr base, start, end;
+	Dwarf_Op *ops;
+	size_t nops;
+
+	if (tag != DW_TAG_variable && tag != DW_TAG_formal_parameter)
+		return DIE_FIND_CB_SIBLING;
+
+	if (dwarf_attr(die_mem, DW_AT_location, &attr) == NULL)
+		return DIE_FIND_CB_SIBLING;
+
+	while ((off = dwarf_getlocations(&attr, off, &base, &start, &end, &ops, &nops)) > 0) {
+		/* Assuming the location list is sorted by address */
+		if (end < data->pc)
+			continue;
+		if (start > data->pc)
+			break;
+
+		/* Only match with a simple case */
+		if (data->reg < DWARF_OP_DIRECT_REGS) {
+			if (ops->atom == (DW_OP_reg0 + data->reg) && nops == 1)
+				return DIE_FIND_CB_END;
+		} else {
+			if (ops->atom == DW_OP_regx && ops->number == data->reg &&
+			    nops == 1)
+				return DIE_FIND_CB_END;
+		}
+	}
+	return DIE_FIND_CB_SIBLING;
+}
+
+/**
+ * die_find_variable_by_reg - Find a variable saved in a register
+ * @sc_die: a scope DIE
+ * @pc: the program address to find
+ * @reg: the register number to find
+ * @die_mem: a buffer to save the resulting DIE
+ *
+ * Find the variable DIE accessed by the given register.
+ */
+Dwarf_Die *die_find_variable_by_reg(Dwarf_Die *sc_die, Dwarf_Addr pc, int reg,
+				    Dwarf_Die *die_mem)
+{
+	struct find_var_data data = {
+		.pc = pc,
+		.reg = reg,
+	};
+	return die_find_child(sc_die, __die_find_var_reg_cb, &data, die_mem);
+}
 #endif
 
 /*
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.h b/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.h
index f9d765f80fb0..b6f430730bd1 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.h
@@ -137,6 +137,10 @@ int die_get_scopes(Dwarf_Die *cu_die, Dwarf_Addr pc, Dwarf_Die **scopes);
 /* Get byte offset range of given variable DIE */
 int die_get_var_range(Dwarf_Die *sp_die, Dwarf_Die *vr_die, struct strbuf *buf);
 
+/* Find a variable saved in the 'reg' at given address */
+Dwarf_Die *die_find_variable_by_reg(Dwarf_Die *sc_die, Dwarf_Addr pc, int reg,
+				    Dwarf_Die *die_mem);
+
 #else /*  HAVE_DWARF_GETLOCATIONS_SUPPORT */
 
 static inline int die_get_var_range(Dwarf_Die *sp_die __maybe_unused,
@@ -146,6 +150,14 @@ static inline int die_get_var_range(Dwarf_Die *sp_die __maybe_unused,
 	return -ENOTSUP;
 }
 
+static inline Dwarf_Die *die_find_variable_by_reg(Dwarf_Die *sc_die __maybe_unused,
+						  Dwarf_Addr pc __maybe_unused,
+						  int reg __maybe_unused,
+						  Dwarf_Die *die_mem __maybe_unused)
+{
+	return NULL;
+}
+
 #endif /* HAVE_DWARF_GETLOCATIONS_SUPPORT */
 
 #endif /* _DWARF_AUX_H */
-- 
2.42.0.869.gea05f2083d-goog

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