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Date:   Thu,  9 Nov 2023 15:59:54 -0800
From:   Namhyung Kim <namhyung@...nel.org>
To:     Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@...nel.org>,
        Jiri Olsa <jolsa@...nel.org>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
Cc:     Ian Rogers <irogers@...gle.com>,
        Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@...el.com>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>,
        LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-perf-users@...r.kernel.org,
        Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>,
        Stephane Eranian <eranian@...gle.com>,
        Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@...nel.org>,
        Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>,
        linux-trace-devel@...r.kernel.org, linux-toolchains@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH 35/52] perf dwarf-aux: Add die_get_cfa()

The die_get_cfa() is to get frame base register and offset at the given
instruction address (pc).  This info will be used to locate stack
variables which have location expression using DW_OP_fbreg.

Signed-off-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@...nel.org>
---
 tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.c | 68 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.h | 15 ++++++++
 2 files changed, 82 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.c b/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.c
index 7aa5fee0da19..3d42a8613869 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.c
@@ -1407,7 +1407,73 @@ Dwarf_Die *die_find_variable_by_addr(Dwarf_Die *sc_die, Dwarf_Addr pc,
 		*offset = data.offset;
 	return result;
 }
-#endif
+#endif /* HAVE_DWARF_GETLOCATIONS_SUPPORT */
+
+#ifdef HAVE_DWARF_CFI_SUPPORT
+static int reg_from_dwarf_op(Dwarf_Op *op)
+{
+	switch (op->atom) {
+	case DW_OP_reg0 ... DW_OP_reg31:
+		return op->atom - DW_OP_reg0;
+	case DW_OP_breg0 ... DW_OP_breg31:
+		return op->atom - DW_OP_breg0;
+	case DW_OP_regx:
+	case DW_OP_bregx:
+		return op->number;
+	default:
+		break;
+	}
+	return -1;
+}
+
+static int offset_from_dwarf_op(Dwarf_Op *op)
+{
+	switch (op->atom) {
+	case DW_OP_reg0 ... DW_OP_reg31:
+	case DW_OP_regx:
+		return 0;
+	case DW_OP_breg0 ... DW_OP_breg31:
+		return op->number;
+	case DW_OP_bregx:
+		return op->number2;
+	default:
+		break;
+	}
+	return -1;
+}
+
+/**
+ * die_get_cfa - Get frame base information
+ * @dwarf: a Dwarf info
+ * @pc: program address
+ * @preg: pointer for saved register
+ * @poffset: pointer for saved offset
+ *
+ * This function gets register and offset for CFA (Canonical Frame Address)
+ * by searching the CIE/FDE info.  The CFA usually points to the start address
+ * of the current stack frame and local variables can be located using an offset
+ * from the CFA.  The @preg and @poffset will be updated if it returns 0.
+ */
+int die_get_cfa(Dwarf *dwarf, u64 pc, int *preg, int *poffset)
+{
+	Dwarf_CFI *cfi;
+	Dwarf_Frame *frame = NULL;
+	Dwarf_Op *ops = NULL;
+	size_t nops;
+
+	cfi = dwarf_getcfi(dwarf);
+	if (cfi == NULL)
+		return -1;
+
+	if (!dwarf_cfi_addrframe(cfi, pc, &frame) &&
+	    !dwarf_frame_cfa(frame, &ops, &nops) && nops == 1) {
+		*preg = reg_from_dwarf_op(ops);
+		*poffset = offset_from_dwarf_op(ops);
+		return 0;
+	}
+	return -1;
+}
+#endif /* HAVE_DWARF_CFI_SUPPORT */
 
 /*
  * die_has_loclist - Check if DW_AT_location of @vr_die is a location list
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.h b/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.h
index 4e64caac6df8..f209f9162908 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.h
@@ -177,4 +177,19 @@ static inline Dwarf_Die *die_find_variable_by_addr(Dwarf_Die *sc_die __maybe_unu
 
 #endif /* HAVE_DWARF_GETLOCATIONS_SUPPORT */
 
+#ifdef HAVE_DWARF_CFI_SUPPORT
+
+/* Get the frame base information from CFA */
+int die_get_cfa(Dwarf *dwarf, u64 pc, int *preg, int *poffset);
+
+#else /* HAVE_DWARF_CFI_SUPPORT */
+
+static inline int die_get_cfa(Dwarf *dwarf __maybe_unused, u64 pc __maybe_unused,
+			      int *preg __maybe_unused, int *poffset __maybe_unused)
+{
+	return -1;
+}
+
+#endif /* HAVE_DWARF_CFI_SUPPORT */
+
 #endif /* _DWARF_AUX_H */
-- 
2.42.0.869.gea05f2083d-goog

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