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Date:   Fri, 17 Nov 2023 11:19:32 +0800
From:   Shaoqin Huang <>
To:     Oliver Upton <>
        Paolo Bonzini <>,
        Shuah Khan <>,,
Subject: Re: [PATCH v1] KVM: selftests: Initalize sem_vcpu_[cont|stop] before
 each test in dirty_log_test

Hi Oliver,

On 11/17/23 08:18, Oliver Upton wrote:
> Hi Shaoqin,
> On Thu, Nov 16, 2023 at 04:35:36AM -0500, Shaoqin Huang wrote:
>> When execute the dirty_log_test on some aarch64 machine, it sometimes
>> trigger the ASSERT:
>> ==== Test Assertion Failure ====
>>    dirty_log_test.c:384: dirty_ring_vcpu_ring_full
>>    pid=14854 tid=14854 errno=22 - Invalid argument
>>       1  0x00000000004033eb: dirty_ring_collect_dirty_pages at dirty_log_test.c:384
>>       2  0x0000000000402d27: log_mode_collect_dirty_pages at dirty_log_test.c:505
>>       3   (inlined by) run_test at dirty_log_test.c:802
>>       4  0x0000000000403dc7: for_each_guest_mode at guest_modes.c:100
>>       5  0x0000000000401dff: main at dirty_log_test.c:941 (discriminator 3)
>>       6  0x0000ffff9be173c7: ?? ??:0
>>       7  0x0000ffff9be1749f: ?? ??:0
>>       8  0x000000000040206f: _start at ??:?
>>    Didn't continue vcpu even without ring full
>> The dirty_log_test fails when execute the dirty-ring test, this is
>> because the sem_vcpu_cont and the sem_vcpu_stop is non-zero value when
>> execute the dirty_ring_collect_dirty_pages() function. When those two
>> sem_t variables are non-zero, the dirty_ring_wait_vcpu() at the
>> beginning of the dirty_ring_collect_dirty_pages() will not wait for the
>> vcpu to stop, but continue to execute the following code. In this case,
>> before vcpu stop, if the dirty_ring_vcpu_ring_full is true, and the
>> dirty_ring_collect_dirty_pages() has passed the check for the
>> dirty_ring_vcpu_ring_full but hasn't execute the check for the
>> continued_vcpu, the vcpu stop, and set the dirty_ring_vcpu_ring_full to
>> false. Then dirty_ring_collect_dirty_pages() will trigger the ASSERT.
>> Why sem_vcpu_cont and sem_vcpu_stop can be non-zero value? It's because
>> the dirty_ring_before_vcpu_join() execute the sem_post(&sem_vcpu_cont)
>> at the end of each dirty-ring test. It can cause two cases:
>> 1. sem_vcpu_cont be non-zero. When we set the host_quit to be true,
>>     the vcpu_worker directly see the host_quit to be true, it quit. So
>>     the log_mode_before_vcpu_join() function will set the sem_vcpu_cont
>>     to 1, since the vcpu_worker has quit, it won't consume it.
>> 2. sem_vcpu_stop be non-zero. When we set the host_quit to be true,
>>     the vcpu_worker has entered the guest state, the next time it exit
>>     from guest state, it will set the sem_vcpu_stop to 1, and then see
>>     the host_quit, no one will consume the sem_vcpu_stop.
>> When execute more and more dirty-ring tests, the sem_vcpu_cont and
>> sem_vcpu_stop can be larger and larger, which makes many code paths
>> don't wait for the sem_t. Thus finally cause the problem.
>> Fix this problem is easy, simply initialize the sem_t before every test.
>> Thus whatever the state previous test left, it won't interfere the next
>> test.
> In your changelog you describe what sounds like a semaphore imbalance at
> the time of test completion, yet your proposed fix is to just clobber
> the error and start fresh.

Yes. It's a semaphore imbalance problem.

> Why not nip it at the bud and fix the logic bug instead?

I have another patch which fix the logic bug, I will send it out later.



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