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Date:	Thu, 19 Apr 2007 14:06:17 +0900
From:	Kazunori MIYAZAWA <kazunori@...azawa.org>
To:	Diego Beltrami <Diego.Beltrami@...t.fi>
CC:	netdev@...r.kernel.org, kaber@...sh.net,
	herbert@...dor.apana.org.au, yoshfuji@...ux-ipv6.org, miika@....fi
Subject: Re: ESP interfamily tunnel bug?

Hello Diego,

I tried to reproduce the bug. But I got a panic of the kernel :-<
I'm using current net-2.6.

I suspect that some special routing for loopback is related
because I checked with kdb and got the backtrace like

	fib_sync_down
	ipv6_rcv
	netif_receive_skb
	__mod_timer
	net_rx_action
	__do_softirq
	do_softirq
	local_bh_enable
	dev_queue_xmit
	neigh_resolve_output
	ip_output
	xfrm4_output_finish
	xfrm4_output
	ip_generic_getfrag
	ip6_push_pending_frames

I think ip_rcv or some IPv4 function should be called between netif_receive_skb
and ipv6_rcv.

Anyway I could not classify the way to make a panic.
I'll trace it.

Thank you,

Diego Beltrami wrote:
> Hi,
> 
> we have discovered a routing related problem in ESP tunnel and beet mode.
> We don't know whether it is a bug in the XFRM, or just in the way the
> virtual addresses and the corresponding routes are set-up. We set up a
> dummy0 device for the virtual addresses:
> 
> root@...ong:~# ip addr show dummy0
> 5: dummy0: <BROADCAST,NOARP,UP,10000> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue
>      link/ether 92:09:fe:11:81:1b brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
>      inet6 2001:72:e6d3:1cf3:e11d:5bb0:b99:e85e/28 scope global
>         valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
>      inet6 2001:74:32e0:df36:e862:3963:523e:dd7d/28 scope global
>         valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
>      inet6 2001:73:d3a8:8723:d572:7549:7f2c:e590/28 scope global
>         valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
>      inet6 2001:75:a2e6:aad6:e901:dd1c:ba95:e300/28 scope global
>         valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
>      inet6 fe80::9009:feff:fe11:811b/64 scope link
>         valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
> 
> And then we have routes for the virtual addresses:
> 
> root@...ong:~# ip -6 route
> 2001:72:e6d3:1cf3:e11d:5bb0:b99:e85e dev dummy0  metric 1024  expires
> 21334305sec mtu 1500 advmss 1440 metric 10 4294967295
> 2001:73:d3a8:8723:d572:7549:7f2c:e590 dev dummy0  metric 1024  expires
> 21334305sec mtu 1500 advmss 1440 metric 10 4294967295
> 2001:74:32e0:df36:e862:3963:523e:dd7d dev dummy0  metric 1024  expires
> 21334305sec mtu 1500 advmss 1440 metric 10 4294967295
> 2001:75:a2e6:aad6:e901:dd1c:ba95:e300 dev dummy0  metric 1024  expires
> 21334305sec mtu 1500 advmss 1440 metric 10 4294967295
> 2001:70::/28 dev dummy0  metric 256  expires 21334305sec mtu 1500 advmss
> 1440 metric 10 4294967295
> fe80::/64 dev dummy0  metric 256  expires 21334305sec mtu 1500 advmss 1440
> metric 10 4294967295
> ff00::/8 dev eth0  metric 256  expires 21325454sec mtu 1500 advmss 1440
> metric 10 4294967295
> ff00::/8 dev dummy0  metric 256  expires 21334305sec mtu 1500 advmss 1440
> metric 10 4294967295
> unreachable default dev lo  proto none  metric -1  error -101 metric 10
> 255
> 
> ...and set-up policies and associations. The virtual IPv6 addresses
> are inner and IPv4 addresses are outer addresses:
> 
> root@...ong:~/projects/hipl--userspace--2.6# ip xfrm policy show
> src 2001:76:7d5a:88d7:51af:cdd1:6bf5:3d15/128 dst
> 2001:74:32e0:df36:e862:3963:523e:dd7d/128
>          dir in priority 0
>          tmpl src c1a7:bb82:: dst c0a8:65::
>                  proto esp reqid 0 mode beet
> src 2001:74:32e0:df36:e862:3963:523e:dd7d/128 dst
> 2001:76:7d5a:88d7:51af:cdd1:6bf5:3d15/128
>          dir out priority 0
>          tmpl src c0a8:65:: dst c1a7:bb82::
>                  proto esp reqid 0 mode beet
> 
> root@...ong:~/projects/hipl--userspace--2.6# ip xfrm state show
> src 193.167.187.130 dst 192.168.0.101
>          proto esp spi 0xf556c7c7 reqid 0 mode beet
>          replay-window 0
>          auth sha1 0xab327b944011c94a0c54a097b4752e23f377ff34
>          enc aes 0x882a334830b1cd14b9e411ec37a4242f
>          encap type espinudp-nonike sport 50500 dport 50500
>                addr 193.167.187.130
>          sel src 2001:76:7d5a:88d7:51af:cdd1:6bf5:3d15/0
>              dst 2001:74:32e0:df36:e862:3963:523e:dd7d/0
>              src 192.168.0.101 dst 193.167.187.130
>          proto esp spi 0x1663f3a4 reqid 0 mode beet
>          replay-window 0
>          auth sha1 0x9f07dabce4abf2ebfe45e247ede2cf15f9156a13
>          enc aes 0xfc50593b9af6d296b042a16ca00bad20
>          encap type espinudp-nonike
>              sport 50500 dport 50500 addr 192.168.0.101
>          sel src 2001:74:32e0:df36:e862:3963:523e:dd7d/0
>              dst 2001:76:7d5a:88d7:51af:cdd1:6bf5:3d15/0
> 
> And then we try to ping6 the virtual address:
> 
> root@...ong:~/projects/hipl--userspace--2.6# ping6 -I
> 2001:0074:32e0:df36:e862:3963:523e:dd7d
> 2001:76:7d5a:88d7:51af:cdd1:6bf5:3d15
> PING
> 2001:76:7d5a:88d7:51af:cdd1:6bf5:3d15(2001:76:7d5a:88d7:51af:cdd1:6bf5:3d15)
> from 2001:74:32e0:df36:e862:3963:523e:dd7d : 56 data bytes
> ping: sendmsg: Network is unreachable
> ping: sendmsg: Network is unreachable
> 
> Tcpdump shows no traffic at the host. We can repeat the problem both with
> tunnel and beet modes in 2.6.21-rc6 (and also in 2.6.17.14).
> 
> I have tried also "ip rule stuff" but it seems that it does not rule with
> IPv6 :) It does help either to reduce the number of virtual addresses to a
> single one. It is weird that the ESP actually works some combinations of
> virtual addresses (4 of 16) in both directions, or works unidirectionally
> on some and does not work at all on the rest. I verified the
> unidirectional property using a simple UDP based application: sender xmits
> UDP packet, receiver gets it ok, but cannot respond. So, the problem is in
> the transmission of packets.
> 
> I traced the ENETUNREACH in the kernel side to here:
> 
> net/ipv4/route.c:ip_route_output_slow:
>          if (fib_lookup(&fl, &res)) {
>          ....
>                 if (dev_out)
>                          dev_put(dev_out);
>                  err = -ENETUNREACH;
> 
> FIB lookup up is returning an error net/ipv4/fib_rules:
> 
> int fib_lookup(const struct flowi *flp, struct fib_result *res)
> {
> ...
>          hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(r, node, &fib_rules, hlist) {
> ...
>                  case RTN_UNREACHABLE:
>                          rcu_read_unlock();
>                          return -ENETUNREACH;
> 
> I wonder if the problem is related to one that Yoshifugi has filed:
> 
> http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=8349
> 
> The bug does not usually occur with machines that in the same
> physical network, so I guess it is a routing problem. Any ideas or hints?
> 
> Miika & Diego
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 

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