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Date:	Tue, 05 Jun 2007 12:37:20 -0700 (PDT)
From:	David Miller <davem@...emloft.net>
To:	kaber@...sh.net
Cc:	netdev@...r.kernel.org, socketcan@...tkopp.net, hadi@...erus.ca,
	xemul@...ru, ebiederm@...ssion.com, tgraf@...g.ch
Subject: Re: [RFC RTNETLINK 00/09]: Netlink link creation API

From: Patrick McHardy <kaber@...sh.net>
Date: Tue,  5 Jun 2007 16:12:51 +0200 (MEST)

> A few words about the API:
> 
> Drivers wishing to use the API register a struct rtnl_link_ops, which
> contains a few function pointers for device setup, registation, changing
> and deletion, as well as netlink attribute validation and device dumping.
> 
> All netlink communication happens within the AF_UNSPEC family. I
> initially introduced new netlink families for this, but removed them
> again since that would require adding new protocol families that serve
> no further purpose for most drivers. Additionally we currently use
> RTM.*LINK messages with ifi_family != AF_UNSPEC for information that
> is related to the device, but doesn't come from the driver that created
> the device itself, like bridge port state, IPv6 device configuration etc.
> 
> The device specific attributes are nested within a new attribute
> IFLA_LINKINFO. I didn't use IFLA_PROTINFO since userspace can reasonably
> expect to have IFLA_PROTINFO unset for AF_UNSPEC messages, and the
> userspace STP daemon does that. Identification of the driver happens
> by name, stored in the IFLA_INFO_NAME attribute. IFLA_INFO_DATA contains
> driver specific attributes, IFLA_INFO_XSTATS driver specific statistics.
> 
> The API does *not* use the existing RTM_SETLINK message type, instead
> it adds support for receiving RTM_NEWLINK within the kernel. I did this
> because of three reasons: 
> 
> - RTM_SETLINK does not follow the usual rtnetlink conventions and ignores
>   all netlink flags
> 
> - Other rtnetlink subsystems use the same message type for dumps and
>   notifications from the kernel as for configuration from userspace,
>   which usually allows to recreate an object by simply setting the
>   NLM_F_REQUEST flag on message received from the kernel and sending
>   it back.
> 
> - Easier for userspace to detect support for the new features
> 
> The RTM_NEWLINK message type is a superset of RTM_SETLINK, it allows
> to change both driver specific and generic attributes of the device.
> The set of generic device attributes that may be supplied during
> device creation is limited to a few simple ones, it currently does
> not support specifying link layer address/broadcast address as well
> as device flags. The change operation can change all device attributes.
> 
> Not sure what else to say .. comments welcome.

This excellent description of the APIs (particularly the background
and reasoning) belongs in a file under Documentation/networking/ :-)
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