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Date:	Tue, 24 Jul 2007 13:09:17 +0200
From:	Richard MUSIL <richard.musil@...com>
To:	Thomas Graf <tgraf@...g.ch>
Cc:	Patrick McHardy <kaber@...sh.net>, netdev@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [GENETLINK]: Question: global lock (genl_mutex) possible refinement?

Thomas Graf wrote:
> Please provide a new overall patch which is not based on your
> initial patch so I can review your idea properly.

Here it goes (merging two previous patches). I have diffed
against v2.6.22, which I am using currently as my base:

 include/net/genetlink.h |    1 +
 net/netlink/genetlink.c |  106 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
 2 files changed, 80 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/net/genetlink.h b/include/net/genetlink.h
index b6eaca1..681ad13 100644
--- a/include/net/genetlink.h
+++ b/include/net/genetlink.h
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@ struct genl_family
 	struct nlattr **	attrbuf;	/* private */
 	struct list_head	ops_list;	/* private */
 	struct list_head	family_list;	/* private */
+	struct mutex		lock;		/* private */
 };
 
 /**
diff --git a/net/netlink/genetlink.c b/net/netlink/genetlink.c
index b9ab62f..0104267 100644
--- a/net/netlink/genetlink.c
+++ b/net/netlink/genetlink.c
@@ -38,6 +38,32 @@ static void genl_unlock(void)
 		genl_sock->sk_data_ready(genl_sock, 0);
 }
 
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(genl_fam_mutex);	/* serialization for family list management */
+
+static inline void genl_fam_lock(struct genl_family *family)
+{
+	mutex_lock(&genl_fam_mutex);
+	if (family)
+		mutex_lock(&family->lock);
+}
+
+static inline void genl_fam_unlock(struct genl_family *family)
+{
+	if (family)
+		mutex_unlock(&family->lock);
+	mutex_unlock(&genl_fam_mutex);
+}
+
+static inline void genl_onefam_lock(struct genl_family *family)
+{
+	mutex_lock(&family->lock);
+}
+
+static inline void genl_onefam_unlock(struct genl_family *family)
+{
+	mutex_unlock(&family->lock);
+}
+
 #define GENL_FAM_TAB_SIZE	16
 #define GENL_FAM_TAB_MASK	(GENL_FAM_TAB_SIZE - 1)
 
@@ -150,9 +176,9 @@ int genl_register_ops(struct genl_family *family, struct genl_ops *ops)
 	if (ops->policy)
 		ops->flags |= GENL_CMD_CAP_HASPOL;
 
-	genl_lock();
+	genl_fam_lock(family);
 	list_add_tail(&ops->ops_list, &family->ops_list);
-	genl_unlock();
+	genl_fam_unlock(family);
 
 	genl_ctrl_event(CTRL_CMD_NEWOPS, ops);
 	err = 0;
@@ -180,16 +206,16 @@ int genl_unregister_ops(struct genl_family *family, struct genl_ops *ops)
 {
 	struct genl_ops *rc;
 
-	genl_lock();
+	genl_fam_lock(family);
 	list_for_each_entry(rc, &family->ops_list, ops_list) {
 		if (rc == ops) {
 			list_del(&ops->ops_list);
-			genl_unlock();
+			genl_fam_unlock(family);
 			genl_ctrl_event(CTRL_CMD_DELOPS, ops);
 			return 0;
 		}
 	}
-	genl_unlock();
+	genl_fam_unlock(family);
 
 	return -ENOENT;
 }
@@ -216,8 +242,9 @@ int genl_register_family(struct genl_family *family)
 		goto errout;
 
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&family->ops_list);
+	mutex_init(&family->lock);
 
-	genl_lock();
+	genl_fam_lock(family);
 
 	if (genl_family_find_byname(family->name)) {
 		err = -EEXIST;
@@ -251,14 +278,14 @@ int genl_register_family(struct genl_family *family)
 		family->attrbuf = NULL;
 
 	list_add_tail(&family->family_list, genl_family_chain(family->id));
-	genl_unlock();
+	genl_fam_unlock(family);
 
 	genl_ctrl_event(CTRL_CMD_NEWFAMILY, family);
 
 	return 0;
 
 errout_locked:
-	genl_unlock();
+	genl_fam_unlock(family);
 errout:
 	return err;
 }
@@ -275,7 +302,7 @@ int genl_unregister_family(struct genl_family *family)
 {
 	struct genl_family *rc;
 
-	genl_lock();
+	genl_fam_lock(family);
 
 	list_for_each_entry(rc, genl_family_chain(family->id), family_list) {
 		if (family->id != rc->id || strcmp(rc->name, family->name))
@@ -283,14 +310,16 @@ int genl_unregister_family(struct genl_family *family)
 
 		list_del(&rc->family_list);
 		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&family->ops_list);
-		genl_unlock();
+
+		genl_fam_unlock(family);
+		mutex_destroy(&family->lock);
 
 		kfree(family->attrbuf);
 		genl_ctrl_event(CTRL_CMD_DELFAMILY, family);
 		return 0;
 	}
 
-	genl_unlock();
+	genl_fam_unlock(family);
 
 	return -ENOENT;
 }
@@ -303,38 +332,57 @@ static int genl_rcv_msg(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh)
 	struct genlmsghdr *hdr = nlmsg_data(nlh);
 	int hdrlen, err;
 
+	genl_fam_lock(NULL);
 	family = genl_family_find_byid(nlh->nlmsg_type);
-	if (family == NULL)
+	if (family == NULL) {
+		genl_fam_unlock(NULL);
 		return -ENOENT;
+	}
+
+	/* get particular family lock, but release global family lock
+	 * so registering operations for other families are possible */
+	genl_onefam_lock(family);
+	genl_fam_unlock(NULL);
 
 	hdrlen = GENL_HDRLEN + family->hdrsize;
-	if (nlh->nlmsg_len < nlmsg_msg_size(hdrlen))
-		return -EINVAL;
+	if (nlh->nlmsg_len < nlmsg_msg_size(hdrlen)) {
+		err = -EINVAL;
+		goto unlock_out;
+	}
 
 	ops = genl_get_cmd(hdr->cmd, family);
-	if (ops == NULL)
-		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+	if (ops == NULL) {
+		err = -EOPNOTSUPP;
+		goto unlock_out;
+	}
 
 	if ((ops->flags & GENL_ADMIN_PERM) &&
-	    security_netlink_recv(skb, CAP_NET_ADMIN))
-		return -EPERM;
+	    security_netlink_recv(skb, CAP_NET_ADMIN)) {
+		err = -EPERM;
+		goto unlock_out;
+	}
 
 	if (nlh->nlmsg_flags & NLM_F_DUMP) {
-		if (ops->dumpit == NULL)
-			return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+		if (ops->dumpit == NULL) {
+			err = -EOPNOTSUPP;
+			goto unlock_out;
+		}
 
-		return netlink_dump_start(genl_sock, skb, nlh,
+		err = netlink_dump_start(genl_sock, skb, nlh,
 					  ops->dumpit, ops->done);
+		goto unlock_out;
 	}
 
-	if (ops->doit == NULL)
-		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+	if (ops->doit == NULL) {
+		err = -EOPNOTSUPP;
+		goto unlock_out;
+	}
 
 	if (family->attrbuf) {
 		err = nlmsg_parse(nlh, hdrlen, family->attrbuf, family->maxattr,
 				  ops->policy);
 		if (err < 0)
-			return err;
+			goto unlock_out;
 	}
 
 	info.snd_seq = nlh->nlmsg_seq;
@@ -344,7 +392,11 @@ static int genl_rcv_msg(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh)
 	info.userhdr = nlmsg_data(nlh) + GENL_HDRLEN;
 	info.attrs = family->attrbuf;
 
-	return ops->doit(skb, &info);
+	err = ops->doit(skb, &info);
+
+unlock_out:
+	genl_onefam_unlock(family);
+	return err;
 }
 
 static void genl_rcv(struct sock *sk, int len)
@@ -425,7 +477,7 @@ static int ctrl_dumpfamily(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb)
 	int fams_to_skip = cb->args[1];
 
 	if (chains_to_skip != 0)
-		genl_lock();
+		genl_fam_lock(NULL);
 
 	for (i = 0; i < GENL_FAM_TAB_SIZE; i++) {
 		if (i < chains_to_skip)
@@ -445,7 +497,7 @@ static int ctrl_dumpfamily(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb)
 
 errout:
 	if (chains_to_skip != 0)
-		genl_unlock();
+		genl_fam_unlock(NULL);
 
 	cb->args[0] = i;
 	cb->args[1] = n;

-
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