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Date:	Mon, 10 Sep 2007 16:44:31 -0700
From:	"Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
To:	Chris Snook <csnook@...hat.com>
Cc:	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>,
	Denys Vlasenko <vda.linux@...glemail.com>,
	Kyle Moffett <mrmacman_g4@....com>,
	Arjan van de Ven <arjan@...radead.org>,
	Nick Piggin <piggin@...erone.com.au>,
	Satyam Sharma <satyam@...radead.org>,
	Herbert Xu <herbert@...dor.apana.org.au>,
	Paul Mackerras <paulus@...ba.org>,
	Christoph Lameter <clameter@....com>,
	Ilpo Jarvinen <ilpo.jarvinen@...sinki.fi>,
	Stefan Richter <stefanr@...6.in-berlin.de>,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
	linux-arch@...r.kernel.org, Netdev <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>, ak@...e.de,
	heiko.carstens@...ibm.com, David Miller <davem@...emloft.net>,
	schwidefsky@...ibm.com, wensong@...ux-vs.org, horms@...ge.net.au,
	wjiang@...ilience.com, cfriesen@...tel.com, zlynx@....org,
	rpjday@...dspring.com, jesper.juhl@...il.com,
	segher@...nel.crashing.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH] Document non-semantics of atomic_read() and atomic_set()

On Mon, Sep 10, 2007 at 07:19:44PM -0400, Chris Snook wrote:
> From: Chris Snook <csnook@...hat.com>
> 
> Unambiguously document the fact that atomic_read() and atomic_set()
> do not imply any ordering or memory access, and that callers are
> obligated to explicitly invoke barriers as needed to ensure that
> changes to atomic variables are visible in all contexts that need
> to see them.

Acked-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>

> Signed-off-by: Chris Snook <csnook@...hat.com>
> 
> --- a/Documentation/atomic_ops.txt	2007-07-08 19:32:17.000000000 -0400
> +++ b/Documentation/atomic_ops.txt	2007-09-10 19:02:50.000000000 -0400
> @@ -12,7 +12,11 @@
>  C integer type will fail.  Something like the following should
>  suffice:
> 
> -	typedef struct { volatile int counter; } atomic_t;
> +	typedef struct { int counter; } atomic_t;
> +
> +	Historically, counter has been declared volatile.  This is now
> +discouraged.  See Documentation/volatile-considered-harmful.txt for the
> +complete rationale.
> 
>  	The first operations to implement for atomic_t's are the
>  initializers and plain reads.
> @@ -42,6 +46,22 @@
> 
>  which simply reads the current value of the counter.
> 
> +*** WARNING: atomic_read() and atomic_set() DO NOT IMPLY BARRIERS! ***
> +
> +Some architectures may choose to use the volatile keyword, barriers, or
> +inline assembly to guarantee some degree of immediacy for atomic_read()
> +and atomic_set().  This is not uniformly guaranteed, and may change in
> +the future, so all users of atomic_t should treat atomic_read() and
> +atomic_set() as simple C assignment statements that may be reordered or
> +optimized away entirely by the compiler or processor, and explicitly
> +invoke the appropriate compiler and/or memory barrier for each use case.
> +Failure to do so will result in code that may suddenly break when used with
> +different architectures or compiler optimizations, or even changes in
> +unrelated code which changes how the compiler optimizes the section
> +accessing atomic_t variables.
> +
> +*** YOU HAVE BEEN WARNED! ***
> +
>  Now, we move onto the actual atomic operation interfaces.
> 
>  	void atomic_add(int i, atomic_t *v);
-
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