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Date:	Wed, 16 Jan 2008 04:50:26 -0500
From:	Bill Fink <billfink@...dspring.com>
To:	"Ritesh Kumar" <ritesh@...unc.edu>
Cc:	netdev@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: SO_RCVBUF doesn't change receiver advertised window

On Tue, 15 Jan 2008, Ritesh Kumar wrote:

> Hi,
>     I am using linux 2.6.20 and am trying to limit the receiver window
> size for a TCP connection. However, it seems that auto tuning is not
> turning itself off even after I use the syscall
> 
> rwin=65536
> setsockopt(sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_RCVBUF, &rwin, sizeof(rwin));
> 
> and verify using
> 
> getsockopt(sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_RCVBUF, &rwin, &rwin_size);
> 
> that RCVBUF indeed is getting set (the value returned from getsockopt
> is double that, 131072).

Linux doubles what you requested, and then uses (by default) 1/4
of the socket space for overhead, so you effectively get 1.5 times
what you requested as an actual advertised receiver window, which
means since you specified 64 KB, you actually get 96 KB.

> The above calls are made before connect() on the client side and
> before bind(), accept() on the server side. Bulk data is being sent
> from the client to the server. The client and the server machines also
> have tcp_moderate_rcvbuf set to 0 (though I don't think that's really
> needed; setting a value to SO_RCVBUF should automatically turnoff auto
> tuning.).
> 
> However the tcp trace shows the SYN, SYN/ACK and the first few packets as:
> 14:34:18.831703 IP 192.168.1.153.45038 > 192.168.2.204.9999: S
> 3947298186:3947298186(0) win 5840 <mss 1460,sackOK,timestamp 2842625
> 0,nop,wscale 5>
> 14:34:18.836000 IP 192.168.2.204.9999 > 192.168.1.153.45038: S
> 3955381015:3955381015(0) ack 3947298187 win 5792 <mss
> 1460,sackOK,timestamp 2843649 2842625,nop,wscale 2>
> 14:34:18.837654 IP 192.168.1.153.45038 > 192.168.2.204.9999: . ack 1
> win 183 <nop,nop,timestamp 2842634 2843649>
> 14:34:18.837849 IP 192.168.1.153.45038 > 192.168.2.204.9999: .
> 1:1449(1448) ack 1 win 183 <nop,nop,timestamp 2842634 2843649>
> 14:34:18.837851 IP 192.168.1.153.45038 > 192.168.2.204.9999: P
> 1449:1461(12) ack 1 win 183 <nop,nop,timestamp 2842634 2843649>
> 14:34:18.839001 IP 192.168.2.204.9999 > 192.168.1.153.45038: . ack
> 1449 win 2172 <nop,nop,timestamp 2843652 2842634>
> 14:34:18.839011 IP 192.168.2.204.9999 > 192.168.1.153.45038: . ack
> 1461 win 2172 <nop,nop,timestamp 2843652 2842634>
> 14:34:18.840875 IP 192.168.1.153.45038 > 192.168.2.204.9999: .
> 1461:2909(1448) ack 1 win 183 <nop,nop,timestamp 2842637 2843652>
> 14:34:18.840997 IP 192.168.1.153.45038 > 192.168.2.204.9999: .
> 2909:4357(1448) ack 1 win 183 <nop,nop,timestamp 2842637 2843652>
> 14:34:18.841120 IP 192.168.1.153.45038 > 192.168.2.204.9999: .
> 4357:5805(1448) ack 1 win 183 <nop,nop,timestamp 2842637 2843652>
> 14:34:18.841244 IP 192.168.1.153.45038 > 192.168.2.204.9999: .
> 5805:7253(1448) ack 1 win 183 <nop,nop,timestamp 2842637 2843652>
> 14:34:18.841388 IP 192.168.2.204.9999 > 192.168.1.153.45038: . ack
> 2909 win 2896 <nop,nop,timestamp 2843655 2842637>
> 14:34:18.841399 IP 192.168.2.204.9999 > 192.168.1.153.45038: . ack
> 4357 win 3620 <nop,nop,timestamp 2843655 2842637>
> 14:34:18.841413 IP 192.168.2.204.9999 > 192.168.1.153.45038: . ack
> 5805 win 4344 <nop,nop,timestamp 2843655 2842637>
> 
> As you can see, the syn and syn ack show rcv windows to be 5840 and
> 5792 and it automatically increases for the receiver to values 2172
> till 4344 and more in the later part of the trace till 24214.

Since the window scale was 2, the final advertised receiver window
you indicate of 24214 gives 2^2*24214 or right around 96 KB, which
is what is expected given the way Linux works.

						-Bill



> The values for the tcp sysctl variables are given below:
> /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_moderate_rcvbuf  0
> /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_mem             32768   43690   65536
> /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_rmem            4096    87380   1398080
> /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_wmem           4096    16384   1398080
> /proc/sys/net/core/rmem_max          131071
> /proc/sys/net/core/wmem_max         131071
> /proc/sys/net/core/wmem_default      109568
> /proc/sys/net/core/rmem_default       109568
> 
> I will really appreciate your help,
> 
> Ritesh
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