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Date:	Sun, 13 Jul 2008 01:31:07 -0700
From:	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>
To:	Krzysztof Halasa <khc@...waw.pl>
Cc:	<linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, netdev@...r.kernel.org,
	Stephen Hemminger <shemminger@...ux-foundation.org>,
	"David S. Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>
Subject: Re: [bisected] kernel panic 2.6.22 -> 2.6.26-rc9+


(cc's added)

On Sun, 13 Jul 2008 02:28:13 +0200 Krzysztof Halasa <khc@...waw.pl> wrote:

> Hi,
> 
> Bisected the panic. It seems it occurs on my ARM IXP4xx big-endian
> system with USB ADS

I guess you're referring to this:
http://linux.derkeiler.com/Mailing-Lists/Kernel/2008-07/msg04754.html

> PPP over ATM connection (Thomson/Alcatel
> Speedtouch). It doesn't seem to occur on the same IXP4xx with Ethernet
> or V.35 WAN, and it doesn't occur on i386 + the same Speedtouch ADSL.
> The kernel is basically unpatched, the only extra patch applied is the
> platform support (nothing magic).
> 
> Generally to trigger the panic one has to request a TCP data stream
> over that PPPoATM connection.
> 
> Reverting the commit on top of 2.6.25.10 fixes the problem.
> 
> Now what's wrong with that?
> 
> 7e58886b45bc4a309aeaa8178ef89ff767daaf7f:
> author Stephen Hemminger <shemminger@...ux-foundation.org>
> [TCP]: cubic optimization
> 
> Use willy's work in optimizing cube root by having table for small values.
> 
> --- a/net/ipv4/tcp_cubic.c
> +++ b/net/ipv4/tcp_cubic.c
> @@ -91,23 +91,51 @@ static void bictcp_init(struct sock *sk)
>  		tcp_sk(sk)->snd_ssthresh = initial_ssthresh;
>  }
>  
> -/*
> - * calculate the cubic root of x using Newton-Raphson
> +/* calculate the cubic root of x using a table lookup followed by one
> + * Newton-Raphson iteration.
> + * Avg err ~= 0.195%
>   */
>  static u32 cubic_root(u64 a)
>  {
> -	u32 x;
> -
> -	/* Initial estimate is based on:
> -	 * cbrt(x) = exp(log(x) / 3)
> +	u32 x, b, shift;
> +	/*
> +	 * cbrt(x) MSB values for x MSB values in [0..63].
> +	 * Precomputed then refined by hand - Willy Tarreau
> +	 *
> +	 * For x in [0..63],
> +	 *   v = cbrt(x << 18) - 1
> +	 *   cbrt(x) = (v[x] + 10) >> 6
>  	 */
> -	x = 1u << (fls64(a)/3);
> +	static const u8 v[] = {
> +		/* 0x00 */    0,   54,   54,   54,  118,  118,  118,  118,
> +		/* 0x08 */  123,  129,  134,  138,  143,  147,  151,  156,
> +		/* 0x10 */  157,  161,  164,  168,  170,  173,  176,  179,
> +		/* 0x18 */  181,  185,  187,  190,  192,  194,  197,  199,
> +		/* 0x20 */  200,  202,  204,  206,  209,  211,  213,  215,
> +		/* 0x28 */  217,  219,  221,  222,  224,  225,  227,  229,
> +		/* 0x30 */  231,  232,  234,  236,  237,  239,  240,  242,
> +		/* 0x38 */  244,  245,  246,  248,  250,  251,  252,  254,
> +	};
> +
> +	b = fls64(a);
> +	if (b < 7) {
> +		/* a in [0..63] */
> +		return ((u32)v[(u32)a] + 35) >> 6;
> +	}
> +
> +	b = ((b * 84) >> 8) - 1;
> +	shift = (a >> (b * 3));
>  
> -	/* converges to 32 bits in 3 iterations */
> -	x = (2 * x + (u32)div64_64(a, (u64)x*(u64)x)) / 3;
> -	x = (2 * x + (u32)div64_64(a, (u64)x*(u64)x)) / 3;
> -	x = (2 * x + (u32)div64_64(a, (u64)x*(u64)x)) / 3;
> +	x = ((u32)(((u32)v[shift] + 10) << b)) >> 6;
>  
> +	/*
> +	 * Newton-Raphson iteration
> +	 *                         2
> +	 * x    = ( 2 * x  +  a / x  ) / 3
> +	 *  k+1          k         k
> +	 */
> +	x = (2 * x + (u32)div64_64(a, (u64)x * (u64)(x - 1)));
> +	x = ((x * 341) >> 10);
>  	return x;
>  }
>  
> PC is at bictcp_cong_avoid+0x33c/0x454
> 
> Backtrace:
> 
> bictcp_cong_avoid+0x0/0x454		from tcp_cong_avoid+0x1c/0x30
> tcp_cong_avoid+0x0/0x30			from tcp_ack+0x156c/0x1c6c
> 	r4:00000000
> tcp_ack+0x0/0x1c6c			from tcp_rcv_established+0x4a8/0x76c
> tcp_rcv_established+0x0/0x76c		from tcp_v4_do_rcv+0x25c/0x458
> tcp_v4_do_rcv+0x0/0x458			from tcp_v4_rcv+0x6c4/0x7ec
> tcp_v4_rcv+0x0/0x7ec			from ip_local_deliver_finish+0xe4/0x24c
> ip_local_deliver_finish+0x0/0x24c	from ip_local_deliver+0x4c/0xac
> 	r7:c043817c r6:c6818612 r5:c6a6a3c0 r4:c6a6a3c0
> ip_local_deliver+0x0/0xac		from ip_rcv_finish+0x114/0x378
> 	r4:80000000
> ip_rcv_finish+0x0/0x378			from ip_rcv+0x1f8/0x2a8
> ip_rcv+0x0/0x2a8			from netif_receive_skb+0x36c/0x4a4
> 	r7:00000800 r6:c0405e80 r5:c6a6a3c0 r4:c0436d54
> netif_receive_skb+0x0/0x4a4		from process_backlog+0x88/0x14c
> 	r8:00000040 r7:c0436d24 r6:00000000 r5:c0436d0c r4:c6912c00
> process_backlog+0x0/0x14c		from net_rx_action+0xb4/0x1c4
> net_rx_action+0x0/0x1c4			from __do_softirq+0x68/0xe0
> _do_softirq+0x0/0xe0			from irq_exit+0x48/0x50
> 	r7:00000000 r6:c04344d0 r5:c040ae24 r4:00000014
> irq_exit+0x0/0x50			from asm_do_IRQ+0x48/0x5c
> asm_do_IRQ+0x0/0x5c			from __irq_svc+0x24/0x60
> ...
> -- 
> Krzysztof Halasa
> --
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